Radiographic abnormalities, bladder interventions, and bladder surgery in the first decade of life in children with spina bifida

AbstractBackgroundSpina bifida (SB) patients are at increased risk for hydronephrosis, bladder storage and emptying problems, and renal failure that may require multiple bladder surgeries.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed patients born with SB 2005 –2009, presenting to our institution within 1 year of birth. Outcomes at 8–11 years old included final renal/bladder ultrasound (RBUS) results, clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) use, anticholinergic use, surgical interventions, and final renal function. We excluded those without follow- up past age 8 and/or no RBUS or fluoroscopic urodynamic images (FUI) within the first year of life. Imaging was independently reviewed by four pediatric urologists blinded to radiologists’ interpretation and initial findings compared with final outcomes.ResultsOf 98 children, 62 met inclusion criteria (48% male, 76% shunted). Median age at last follow-up was 9.6  years. Upon initial imaging, 74% had hydronephrosis (≥ SFU grade 1), decreasing to 5% at 10 years (p 
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Cleverson J.F. Oliveira, Sunny K.S. Freitas, Igor Guida P.P de Sousa, Pierre M. Esteves, Renata A. SimaoAbstractThe present study reports the formation of thin films from covalent organic framework (COF) via ultrasound using different solvents. The morphology of the resulting films was correlated to the rate of bubble formation and the maximum bubble size, through derivations from the Rayleigh-Plesset equation. Solvents were chosen according to their different characteristics, such as polariz...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Chemical Engineering JournalAuthor(s): Yang-Rui Huang, Huai-Zheng Li, Xin-Min Wei, Deng-Hui Wang, Yu-Ting Liu, Lei LiAbstractThe effect of low frequency ultrasonic treatment on the growth of cyanobacteria and the behavior of extracellular organic matter (EOM) were investigated in this study. The growth of cyanobacteria can be controlled effectively by low frequency ultrasonic treatment, and the inhibitory effect of ultrasound on the photosynthetic ability of cells was more significant than on the cells density (the minimum values of cells density and chlorophyll-a w...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Photos of patients taken at the same time they receive a portable radiography...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Portable x-ray tops list of near-miss errors in radiology ARRS: Adding patient photos to x-ray images cuts ID errors Patient photos can be integrated with imaging exams on PACS Integrating digital photos within PACS may cut ID errors
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Konica Minolta Healthcare Americas and the Oregon Institute of Technology have...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Konica Minolta partners with Shimadzu on DDR sales Konica Minolta, DiA partner on AI for cardiac ultrasound Konica Minolta partners with Ga. hospital network Konica Minolta to offer new financing options for Exa Konica Minolta touts study using DDR for dyspnea
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is launching a new center...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Radiofrequency ultrasound, AI predict thyroid cancer AI model could speed up pneumonia diagnosis in ED Societies team up to promote ethics in radiology AI AI algorithm can accurately diagnose appendicitis Nvidia, ACR collaborate on AI for radiology
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
This article reports segmental absence of tracheal cartilage rings in a kitten. An 8-month-old female kitten was presented with a history of weight loss and respiratory distress for 2 months. Radiographs of the thorax demonstrated a large air-filled sac suggestive of pneumomediastinum. No cartilaginous structures were evident radiographically over the caudal portion of the trachea. At necropsy examination, approximately 2 cm from the carina, a 3 cm segment of the trachea lacked cartilaginous rings. The clinical and morphological features of this lesion were similar to those described in human and canine cases of ...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
The most clinically relevant new aspects of the 2019 version of the ESC Guidelines compared with the previous version published in 2013 relate to:Reclassification of cardiovascular (CV) risk.Individualized blood pressure (BP) targets.New lipid targets relating to severity of CV risk.Recommendations for the use of PCSK9 inhibitors in lipid management.New recommendations regarding the role of aspirin and the novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in diabetes.New recommendations for the duration of dual antiplatelet therapy post-ACS in diabetes mellitus (DM).The interpretation of the CV outcome trials in diabetes therapies and the...
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithin a population at risk of fetal macrosomia the performance of 3D-US-EFW is similar to that of 2D-US-EFW in the prediction of macrosomia at term regardless of the method used for the projection of the EFW, however different properties were noted between the two techniques. Such finding suggests a potential complementary role of the techniques which warrants evaluation in future research.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purposes of this study were to investigate the anatomical risk factors of grade 3  J-sign and analyse the influence of J-sign grades on the short-term clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent patellar dislocation.MethodsFrom 2016 to 2018, a total of 168 patients with recurrent patellar dislocation (187 knees) underwent medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with or without tibial tuberosity medialization. Pre-operative J-sign severity was graded according to a previously described classification (grades 1 –3). Potential anatomical risk factors of J-sign were explored. Comparisons we...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractA 35 ‐year‐old African American male with a history of seizures, presented with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, thrombocytopenia (platelet count of 48,000) and acute renal failure (BUN/creatinine – 30/5.6). Urinalysis showed mild proteinuria and microscopic hematuria. He was diagnosed with syste mic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on the basis of positive ANA, anti‐dsDNA, arthritis, thrombocytopenia and hypocomplementemia fulfilling 5 of 11 SLE criteria (1). He also was positive for antibodies to cardiolipin, beta2‐glycoprotein‐I and lupus anticoagulant. ADAMTS13 level was lower than norma l b...
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: CLINICAL IMAGE Source Type: research
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