Coelomic Fluid of Lumbricus rubellus Synergistically Enhances Cytotoxic Effect of 5-Fluorouracil through Modulation of Focal Adhesion Kinase and p21 in HT-29 Cancer Cell Line.

This study aims to investigate whether the combination of CFL and 5-fluorouracil could reduce FAK protein level and iCa2+ and enhance p21 level. Furthermore, it is necessary to evaluate the response to treatment with new cancer therapeutic agents. After 24 hours of treatment, it was necessary to assess the percentage of apoptosis, FAK, and p21 protein expression by flow cytometry. iCa2+ concentration was measured using immunofluorescence. The combination therapy of CFL with 5-fluorouracil potently suppressed six treatment groups were included in this study. HT-29 cell lines were cultured and divided into six groups: group 1 was treated with vehicle (negative control), groups 2-5 were treated with 5-fluorouracil, groups 3-5 were treated with either CFL 5, 10, or 20 µg/ml immediately after 5-fluorouracil, and group 6 was treated with CFL 20 µg/ml, the progression of colorectal cancer. Combination of CFL and 5-fluorouracil significantly decreased FAK expression (p
Source: The Scientific World Journal - Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

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In this study, whole genome comparative genomic hybridization array (array CGH) based genomic analysis was performed on twelve Saudi Lynch syndrome patients. A total of 124 chromosomal alterations (structural loss) were identified at mean log2 ratio cut off value of ±0.25. We also found structural loss in 2p21-p16.3, 3p23-p14.2, 7p22.1 and 1p34.1-p33 regions. These findings were subsequently validated by real time quantitative PCR showing downregulation of MSH2, MSH6, EPCAM, MLH1, PMS2 and MUTYH genes. These findings shall help in establishing database for alterations in mismatch repair genes underlying Lynch syndro...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusions, dairy may be part of a healthy diet; however, additional studies exploring confounding factors are needed to ascertain the potential detrimental effects. PMID: 31199182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate increased resistance of E. coli to ciprofloxacin in comparison with prior studies. Further research in this field will increase our knowledge and more effective exposure to the antibiotic resistance of the pathogenic microorganisms. PMID: 31198116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Recent Pat Antiinfect Drug Discov Source Type: research
This study demonstrated promising anticancer and antibacterial effects of Artemia salina egg extracts. Our results suggest that pure bioactive compounds obtained from Artemia salina eggs can provide new insights into the mechanisms of colon and skin cancer, as well as Pseudomonas aeruginosa inhibition. PMID: 31198432 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, we developed a novel anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody (mAb), H2Mab-41 (IgG2b, kappa), and the antitumor activity of H2Mab-41 was investigated using mouse xenograft models. Caco-2 cells (human colon cancer cell line), which expresses HER2, were subcutaneously implanted into the flanks of nude mice. H2Mab-41 and control mouse IgG were injected three times into the peritoneal cavity of mice. H2Mab-41 significantly reduced tumor development of Caco-2 xenograft in comparison with the control mouse IgG on days 5, 8, 11, 15, and 19. Taken together, these results suggest that H2Mab-41 is useful for antibody therapy aga...
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Personalized Medicine UniverseAuthor(s): Ayaka Nakamura, Minako Abe, Yasuha Ono, Yukie Saeki, Fumika Kono, Hazuki Sakuma, Ayumi Morokuma, Yoshimori Ishihara, Hiroyuki AbeAbstractThe global incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer is rising, and has surpassed lung cancer as the highest incidence of all types of cancers in Japan [1]. Standard treatments include surgery and chemotherapy, however immunotherapy using Dendritic Cell (DC) vaccines is also recognized as an effective treatment for many cancers including colorectal cancer. DCs are the most potent antig...
Source: Personalized Medicine Universe - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis new method can enable repeatable nationwide measurement of cancer diagnostic timeliness in England and identifies actionable variation to inform early diagnosis interventions and target future research.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with mCRC, cetuximab-containing regimens led to a progressive negative impact on PROs and global HRQoL, when compared to baseline and bevacizumab. Future research is needed to confirm these results. Our findings demonstrate the value of PROs when assessing comparative effectiveness of different treatment regimens.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Yang Xiong, Ying Wang, Karthik TiruthaniAbstractColorectal cancer (CRC) is predicted to be the 2nd leading cause of cancer-related death in United States in 2019. Immunotherapies such as checkpoint inhibitors have proven efficacy in patients with high level of microsatellite instability and refractory to routine chemotherapy. Despite this, immunotherapy-based treatment is seriously limited by cancer immunogenicity which are evolved to evade immune surveillance in many circumstances. Efforts are made by resear...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): María Marcuello, Veronika Vymetalkova, Rui P.L. Neves, Saray Duran-Sanchon, Hege Marie Vedeld, Emma Tham, Guus van Dalum, Georg Flügen, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, Remond JA. Fijneman, Antoni Castells, Pavel Vodicka, Guro E. Lind, Nikolas H. Stoecklein, Ellen Heitzer, Meritxell GironellaAbstractNew non-invasive approaches that can complement and improve on current strategies for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and management are urgently needed. A growing number of publications have documented that components of tumors,...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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