CXCL13/CXCR5 Signaling Contributes to Diabetes-induced Tactile Allodynia via Activating pERK, pSTAT3, pAKT Pathways and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Production in the Spinal Cord of male mice.

In this study we investigated whether CXCL13/CXCR5 mediates PDN and the underlying spinal mechanisms. We used the db/db type 2 diabetes mice, which showed obvious hyperglycemia and obese, long-term mechanical allodynia, and increased expression of CXCL13, CXCR5 as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in the spinal cord. Furthermore, in the spinal cord of db/db mice there is significantly increased gliosis and upregulated phosphorylation of cell signaling kinases, including pERK, pAKT and pSTAT3. Mechanical allodynia and upregulated pERK, pAKT and pSTAT3 as well as production of TNF-α and IL-6 were all attenuated by the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. If spinal giving U0126 (a selective MEK inhibitor) or AG490 (a Janus kinase (JAK) -STAT inhibitor) to db/db mice, both of them can decrease the mechanical allodynia, but only inhibit pERK (by U0126) or pSTAT3 (by AG490) respectively. Acute administration of CXCL13 in C57BL/6J mice resulted in exacerbated thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia, activation of the pERK, pAKT and pSTAT3 pathways and increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6), which were all attenuated by knocking out of Cxcr5. In all, our work showed that chemokine CXCL13 and its receptor CXCR5 in spinal cord contribute to the pathogenesis of PDN and may help develop potential novel therapeutic approaches for patients afflicted with PDN. PMID: 31100371 [PubMed - as supplie...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research

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In this study we investigated whether CXCL13/CXCR5 mediates PDN and the underlying spinal mechanisms. We used the db/db type 2 diabetes mice, which showed obvious hyperglycemia and obese, long-term mechanical allodynia, and increased expression of CXCL13, CXCR5 as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in the spinal cord. Furthermore, in the spinal cord of db/db mice there is significantly increased gliosis and upregulated phosphorylation of cell signaling kinases, including pERK, pAKT and pSTAT3. Mechanical allodynia and upregulated pERK, pAKT and pSTAT3 as well as production of TNF-α and IL-6 were ...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
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