Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery versus Thoracotomy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with lobectomy by thoracotomy, thoracoscopic lobectomy is associated with a lower incidence of major complications, including lower rates of prolonged pneumonia, atrial arrhythmias and renal failure. Lobectomy via VATs may be the preferred strategy for appropriately selected NSCLC patients. The determinants of this advantage should be analyzed to improve the safety and outcomes of other thoracic procedures. PMID: 30987564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Comb Chem High Throughput Screen Source Type: research

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Authors: Maertens V, Lagarde S, Wijnhoven B Abstract A 52-year-old male and 55-year-old female underwent surgical resection of a voluminous symptomatic epiphrenic diverticulum via a right thoracotomy. A formal myotomy of the distal esophagus was not performed. The first patient had an uncomplicated recovery whilst the other patient still suffers from an esophageal-cutaneous fistula and repetitive abscesses, treated by intravenous antibiotics and percutaneous drainage. The authors discuss the indication for resection, surgical techniques and complications. PMID: 31718462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the age group in which rectal prolapse is most commonly seen, and the change in bowel habits, chronic constipation and irritation chronic seen in rectal prolapse may be responsible for the development of rectum cancer, therefore endoscopic screening should not be overlooked in rectal prolapse cases. KEY WORDS: Anorectal emergencies, Colon cancer, Rectal prolapse. PMID: 31723051 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Ryoiti KiyamaAbstractBackgroundGreen tea is produced from the tea plant Camellia sinensis without fermentation, and contains characteristic constituents, which are associated with health-promoting effects such as physiological, immunological, neurological and psychological effects, and protective effects against diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Catechins, such as catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin-3-O-gallate and epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, and other green tea consti...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Both STX3451 and STX2895 provide new approaches for inducing cell death and lowering tumour burden in NF2 as well as in NF1, which both have limited treatment options. PMID: 31730023 [PubMed - in process]
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The matrices and the questionnaire have a great diagnostic performance which seems interesting for a use as a screening tool for occupational exposures. These results have yet to be confirmed by large-scale studies. PMID: 31727556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
The objective of this paper is to synthesise current knowledge on ALK rearrangement and its impact on the management of advanced NSCLC. Several inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase of ALK (crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib) have been approved as first line therapies in patients with advanced ALK positive NSCLC, which are associated with a better median progression-free survival than conventional chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the emergence of drug resistance leads to tumor progression. In patients with oligoprogressive disease if local ablative therapy can be effected, continuing with the same ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor is on...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Authors: Kuck KH, Phan HL, Tilz RR Abstract The new guidelines for the management of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) were published by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in September 2019. The key message of the guidelines is that catheter ablation should be offered as a first line treatment to most patients during a comprehensive discussion of the risks and advantages. This recommendation recognizes that catheter ablation has nowadays become a widely established, effective and safe treatment method with a very low complication rate, which has revolutionized the treatment of SVT due to the substa...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Pradeep Kumar, Balwant Singh, Vikram Thakur, Abhishek Thakur, Nandita Thakur, Deepak Pandey, Duni ChandAbstractTaxol® (generic name Paclitaxel) is a chemotherapeutic drug, effective against head, neck, breast, lung, bladder, ovary, and cervix cancers. Rising demands in chemotherapy and limited supply of natural taxol have ultimately increased the cost of the drug. Semi synthesis using taxol precursors is not able to meet the global supply and has intensified the need to find alternative ways of taxol production. In the present st...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Liying Zhao, Huaixia Yang, Xiaoke Zheng, Jinge Li, Lihe Jian, Weisheng Feng, Jinming KongAbstractCytokeratin fragment antigen 21–1 (CYFRA 21–1) DNA is a crucial biomarker closely associated with non-small cell lung cancer. Here, we fabricated a novel electrochemical biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of CYFRA 21–1 DNA via polysaccharide and electrochemically mediated atom transfer radical polymerization (eATRP) dual signal amplification. Specifically, thiolated peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes at 5&prim...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Authors: Yang JD, Ma L, Zhu Z Abstract We assessed the expression of Serpin Family E Member 1 (SERPINE1) and its prognostic values in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) by using the data from TCGA database. The biological functions of SERPINE1 in GAC cells were detected by cell counting Kit-8, colony-forming, Transwell, and wound-healing assays, appropriately. Relative mRNA and protein levels were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that SERPINE1 was significantly up-regulated in GAC tissues compared to normal tissues. High SERPINE1 expression led to a short overall survival and could ...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
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