Differences in Nonspecific Low Back Pain between Young Adult Females with and without Lumbar Scoliosis.

Conclusions: The characteristics of NSLBP experienced by patients with lumbar scoliosis were distinct from those of NSLBP experienced by nonscoliotic patients. The treatment of NSLBP in scoliotic patients should be different from that in nonscoliotic patients. PMID: 30944687 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research

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Authors: Yokoyama K, Yamashita K, Morimoto M, Tezuka F, Hayashi F, Takata Y, Sakai T, Higashino K, Chikawa T, Yonezu H, Nagamachi A, Sairyo K Abstract A 21-year-old woman who was high-level college softball player presented with a 6-month history of low back pain that had been treated unsuccessfully by medication at local clinics. There was tenderness in the left paravertebral muscle at the lower lumbar level. X-ray and computed tomography revealed congenital scoliosis and an L6 hemivertebra. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid collection at the left L6-S1 facet joint. We performe...
Source: Journal of Medical Investigation - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Invest Source Type: research
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major disabling health conditions among older adults aged 60  years or older. While most causes of LBP among older adults are non-specific and self-limiting, seniors are prone ...
Source: Scoliosis - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion Intervertebral disk herniation occurs at the same locations in pediatric patients as adults with L4-L5 and L5-S1 being the most common. Patients often (30-60% for lumbar disk patients) have a direct trauma or sports related injury that is identified before the onset of pain. There is also a group of morbidly obese patients who probably have degenerative disease. In adults and children, lumbar disk herniation is also seen with repetitive or excessive axial loading, poor conditioning, decreased range of motion and history of prior back injury. Disk herniation is caused by vertebral motion that causes increased int...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: All operative treatment strategies in patients with de-novo scoliosis can be successful but they require sophisticated and individual surgical indication. PMID: 27514825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Orthopade - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopade Source Type: research
Discussion Correctly indicated non-operative management or surgery changes the natural history of these pathologies. The aim of treatment is to resolve pain in adolescence, as it risks becoming chronic and disabling by adulthood. Level of evidence IV.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion. Improved preservation of normal sagittal alignment resulted in a prevalence of low back pain comparable with the age-matched general population. Moreover, SRS-22 results for self-image and mental health were positive compared with the controls, possibly reflecting the surgeon's emphases on mental health and management of patient expectations. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clinical Case Series Source Type: research
A 19-year-old HIV negative male presented to a Scoliosis Research Society Global Outreach Site (SRS GOP) with progressive low back pain. Physical examination revealed no neurological deficit. Standing plain radiographs (Figure 1), T2 weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (Figure 2) and sagittal computed tomography (Figure 3) demonstrated a significant rigid kyphotic deformity (>98°) at L3. The patient underwent a single stage 3 level posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) with neuromonitoring, followed by reconstruction of the anterior column with 2 cages and posterior pedicle screw instrumentation (Figure 4).
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Images of Spine Care Source Type: research
A 19-year-old HIV-negative man presented to a Scoliosis Research Society Global Outreach Site with progressive low back pain. Physical examination revealed no neurological deficit. Standing plain radiographs (Fig. 1), T2-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (Fig. 2), and sagittal computed tomography (Fig. 3) demonstrated a significant rigid kyphotic deformity (greater than 98°) at L3. The patient underwent a single Stage 3–level posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) with neuromonitoring, followed by reconstruction of the anterior column with two cages and posterior pedicle screw instr...
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Images of Spine Care Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2015 Source:Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research Author(s): A.L. Simon , B. Ilharreborde , P. Souchet , K.R. Kaufman The role of the spine as a gait stabilizer is essential. Dynamic assessment, while walking, might provide complementary data to improve spinal deformity management. The aim of this paper was to review spine dynamic behavior and the various methods that have been used to assess gait dynamic balance in order to explore the consequences of spinal deformities while walking. A review was performed by obtaining publications from five electronic databa...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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