The Role of the Radiologist in Determining Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory diseases that lead to progressive bowel damage including the development of stricturing and penetrating complications. Increasingly, cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography or magnetic resonance scans have emerged as leading tools to: (1) assess disease activity; (2) monitor response to therapy or disease recurrence; and (3) identify disease-related complications. Several validated radiological scoring systems have been developed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal inflammatory burden in these diseases and to monitor response to treatment. Bowel ultrasound is also a simple and inexpensive tool but is operator dependent in its performance.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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(University of California - Riverside) A protein-coding gene associated with autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, will be the focus of new research in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside. The work is made possible by a National Institutes of Health grant exceeding $2.5 million.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, we further explored the effect of sucralose on tumorigenesis and the possible mechanism involved using the AOM/DSS mouse model. First, 1.5 mg/ml sucralose was included in the drinking water for 6 weeks to reach a relatively stable phase of impact on gut microbiota. Then, 10 mg/kg AOM was administered through intraperitoneal injection. Seven days later, 2.5% DSS was put in the drinking water for 5 days, followed by 2 weeks without DSS. The 5 days of DSS was then repeated, and the mice were sacrificed 6 weeks after AOM injection. The results showed that sucralose caused significant increases in the number and ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesPrimary objective: to evaluate the efficacy of melatonin as a prophylactic treatment on prevention of symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection among healthcare workers at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 exposure.Secondary objectives:To evaluate the efficacy of melatonin as a prophylactic treatment on prevention of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection.To evaluate the efficacy of melatonin to prevent the development of severe COVID-19 in the participants enrolled in this study who develop SARS-CoV-2 infection along the trial.To evaluate the duration of COVID-19 symptoms in participants receiving melatonin before the infection...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Contributors : Fatemeh Adiliaghdam ; Sreehaas Digumarthi ; Lai P Wong ; Ruslan Sadreyev ; Kate L JeffreySeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensPeripheral blood-derived macrophages were stimulated with viral-like particles isolated from colonic resections from patients with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), or non-IBD controls diagnoses. RNAseq was performed to unbiasedly assess the transcriptional responses to these stimuli and revealed highly divergent macrophage transcriptional programs in response to non-IBD compared to IBD VLP.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Endoscopic assessment of disease activity is an essential part of clinical practice in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is used for diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring for dysplasia and increasingly for the evaluation of mucosal or endoscopic response to therapy. Recently, endoscopic healing has emerged as a key goal of therapy However there are numerous endoscopic scoring systems proposed to define endoscopic activity and response to therapy in both ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. The routine use of endoscopic scoring systems is currently limited to trial settings.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Poster abstracts Source Type: research
Conclusion: Lnc-ITSN1-2 correlates with increased disease risk, activity, and inflammatory cytokines of IBD, and promotes IBD CD4+ T cell activation, proliferation, and Th1/Th17 cell differentiation by serving as a competing endogenous RNA for IL-23R via sponging miR-125a.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Baseline characteristics and outcomes of patients with IBD-IgAV are similar to those with IgAV without IBD. Development of IgAV is not limited to patients with clinically active IBD. Whether TNFi use is related to the pathogenesis of IgAV in some patients with IBD remains unclear. Further research into pathophysiological connections between IBD and IgAV is needed. PMID: 32456601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Scand J Rheumatol Source Type: research
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a group of nuclear receptor proteins that promote ligand-dependent transcription of target genes that regulate energy production, lipid metabolism, and inflammation. The PPAR superfamily comprises three subtypes, PPARα, PPARγ, and PPARβ/δ, with differential tissue distributions. In addition to their different roles in the regulation of energy balance and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, an emerging function of PPARs includes normal homeostasis of intestinal tissue. PPARα activation represses NF-κB signaling, which decreases the...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our meta-analyses have indicated the significant associations between SNPs (IRF5 rs4728142, PTGER4 rs4613763, and IL12B rs6887695) and CD/UC/IBD. PMID: 32464244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this real-life prospective cohort using dose optimization, thiopurines were safe and effective in 21% of CD and 27% of UC patients, including normalization of C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Thiopurines remain a viable option in the treatment algorithm of mild-moderate pediatric IBD, especially in girls whose risk for lymphoma is lower.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
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