The Role of the Radiologist in Determining Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory diseases that lead to progressive bowel damage including the development of stricturing and penetrating complications. Increasingly, cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography or magnetic resonance scans have emerged as leading tools to: (1) assess disease activity; (2) monitor response to therapy or disease recurrence; and (3) identify disease-related complications. Several validated radiological scoring systems have been developed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal inflammatory burden in these diseases and to monitor response to treatment. Bowel ultrasound is also a simple and inexpensive tool but is operator dependent in its performance.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we aimed to describe sexual function in Puerto Rican women with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of women with IBD at the University of Puerto Rico Center for IBD. Patients were invited to anonymously complete the validated Spanish version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. On this 36-point scale, a score of 26.55 or less is defined as sexual dysfunction. Data were analyzed by diagnosis, presence of an ostomy, and age, using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Student's t test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: One hundred women completed the FSFI questionnaire, wi...
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Authors: Kim JY, Lee Y, Choe BH, Kang B Abstract Background/Aims: Anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) can develop during treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. We aimed to investigate the factors associated with immunogenicity of anti-TNF agents in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and observe the clinical course of ADA-positive patients. Methods: Pediatric IBD patients receiving maintenance treatment with anti-TNF agents who had been tested for ADAs against infliximab (IFX) or adalimumab (ADL) were included in this crosssectional study. Factors associated with ADA positivity wer...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
ConclusionA significant proportion of patients with severe colitis failing IV steroids responded to induction therapy with CT-P13. Colectomy-free survival rates were similar to previous randomized trials using originator infliximab as induction therapy in severe steroid-refractory colitis.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with IBD were often readmitted for opiate use disorder and sustained significant mortality and hospital costs. Psychiatric comorbidities, gender, and insurance status impacted the odds of readmission and represent targets for intervention.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsEleven percent of RPC patients suffered pouch failure: more men than women. The reasons were multiple. Crohn ’s disease created a risk of failure, but a half of these patients maintained the pouch. Morbidity after pouch excision was moderate, but in most cases slight.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Beigmohammadi F, Mahmoudi M, Karami J, Ahmadzadeh N, Ebrahimi-Daryani N, Rezaei N Abstract Genetic studies have illustrated that killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes could participate in various autoimmune disorders. We aimed to clarify the role of KIR genes, HLA ligands, HLA-KIR interactions, and their genotypes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) susceptibility. The study population was composed of 183 IBD subjects, comprising 100 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, 83 Crohn's disease (CD) patients, and 274 healthy subjects. Polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP)...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study showed moderate interobserver agreement about the histopathological detection and classification of IBD-associated dysplasia. Further efforts should be undertaken to integrate the histopathological data with both the ancillary tests and molecular investigations.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: We showed that rhein could modulate gut microbiota, which indirectly changed purine metabolism in the intestine and subsequently alleviated colitis. Our study has identified a new approach to the clinical treatment of colitis.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Objectives Increasing data suggest that acute pancreatitis (AP) occurs more frequently among patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) than in the non-IBD population; however, currently no comprehensive meta-analysis is available. Methods Systematic literature search was conducted in 4 major databases. We included observational studies sampling from the general population. Basic study characteristics and crude incidences of AP were extracted. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated using the random-effects model. Subgroups were set up by Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. ...
Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This report describes 2 patients with UC in whom postoperative pain following oral and maxillofacial surgery was managed by intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with pentazocine. Apart from the development of acute dystonia in 1 case that was likely due to the use of droperidol for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting, postoperative pain was well controlled by pentazocine in both patients without any complications or UC exacerbations. PMID: 32992337 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia Progress - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesth Prog Source Type: research
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