Bronchoscopically Delivered Thermal Vapor Ablation of Human Lung Lesions

Conclusion: We conclude that BTVA may have a future role in the treatment of lung cancer and should be investigated further in clinical trials.
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pneumonia, and a history of thoracic surgery, might have an increased post-acupuncture risk of pneumothorax. This information may possibly help physicians avoid post-acupuncture pneumothorax. PMID: 31433202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
Quantitative analysis of CT scans revealed that long-term exposure to everyday...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Emphysema-related COPD on CT signals higher malignancy risk Lung disease goes undiagnosed in many smokers CT ties emphysema to mortality, independent of other risks Air pollution tied to lung cancer, heart disease CT emphysema measures higher in former vs. current smokers
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Authors: El-Awa F, Tageldin MA, Prasad V, Al-Mulla A, Heydari G, Alebshehy R Abstract Tobacco use is a fatal habit that causes harm to almost all organs of the human body and kills up to half of its users. Studies have shown that tobacco contains a poisonous mix of more than 7000 chemicals that have major consequences, including heart attacks and strokes , and are considered major risk factors for many types of cancer (4) and the leading cause of lung cancer. Moreover, tobacco use dramatically affects the respiratory system, damaging its airways and alveoli, and leading to chronic obstructive lung diseases1 includi...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Solid conclusions regarding the respiratory consequences of regular cannabis smoking are difficult to make due to a relative paucity of literature, confounding by concurrent tobacco smoking and reports of conflicting outcomes. Additional well-controlled clinical studies on the pulmonary consequences of habitual cannabis use are needed. PMID: 31298945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research
Abstract Indium is mainly used as indium-tin oxide (ITO), which has a unique character of transparency, and is a requisite in making liquid crystal displays. Pulmonary toxicity of indium compounds in humans were not recognized until the last 2 decades. Several initial human cases of indium-related lung disease, named indium lung, were reported in Japan, with their main pathologic findings being interstitial pneumonia, emphysema and cholesterol crystals-containing granulomas. In 2010, three cases with alveolar proteinosis were reported from the United States and China. As of March 2019, more than 10 cases of inters...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the active components of YYQFT and elucidate the underlying mechanism on non-small cell lung cancer. First, YYQFT was extracted with different solvents, and then the most effective extract was determined by assessing their effects on non-small cell lung cancer cell growth. Second, several active compounds from YYQFT were identified, and quercetin was the one of the important active ingredients. Subsequently, the in vivo antitumor activity of quercetin was confirmed in a lung cancer xenograft model in mice. 200 μ g/mL quercetin significantly reduced tumor volume without affecting body weight ...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
This study presents a two-step deep learning architecture that enables accurate normalization of reconstruction kernel effects on emphysema quantification in low-dose CT. Deep learning is used to convert a CT image of a sharp kernel to that of a standard kernel with restoration of truncation artifacts and smoothing-free pixel size normalization. We selected 353 scans reconstructed by both standard and sharp kernels from four different CT scanners from the United States National Lung Screening Trial program database. A truncation artifact correction model was constructed with a combination of histogram extrapolation and a d...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
The prevalence of emphysema identified during low-dose CT screening for lung cancer is about 60%, and investigators are questioning how best to proceed.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
1328Objectives: Characterization of malignant risk within lung nodules remains an uncertain science with both computed tomography (CT) and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). While schema exist for CT and PET alone for lung nodule risk stratification, few studies have modeled the predictive value of combining CT and PET data. Existing CT predictive models may not be applicable in this setting, as patients referred for PET imaging are at higher risk for cancer than an unselected population. Our objective was to assess the value of combining CT parameters with PET parameters toward quantifying risk o...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer Posters Source Type: research
SummaryImplementation of lung cancer screening is a  challenge for radiology. The present short review summarizes major requirements which are needed to ensure high rates of diagnostic accuracy and appropriate protocols for follow-up and invasive work-up. Standardization of procedures, structured reporting, assessment of quality metrics, close multi disciplinary collaboration, and continuous education are essential. Additional quantification of coronary artery calcium and emphysema may provide synergistic medical benefits for a lung cancer screening programme.
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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