Characteristics of Deceased Solid Organ Donors and Screening Results for Hepatitis B, C, and Human Immunodeficiency Viruses - United States, 2010-2017.

Characteristics of Deceased Solid Organ Donors and Screening Results for Hepatitis B, C, and Human Immunodeficiency Viruses - United States, 2010-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Jan 25;68(3):61-66 Authors: Abara WE, Collier MG, Moorman A, Bixler D, Jones J, Annambhotla P, Bowman J, Levi ME, Brooks JT, Basavaraju SV Abstract The ongoing U.S. opioid crisis has resulted in an increase in drug overdose deaths and acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, with young persons (who might be eligible organ donors) most affected.*,† In 2013, the Public Health Service released a revised guideline to reduce the risk for unintended organ transplantation-associated hepatitis B virus (HBV), HCV, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission (1). The guideline describes criteria to categorize donors at increased risk (increased risk donors [IRDs]) for transmitting these viruses to recipients (1). It also recommends universal donor testing for HBV, HCV, and HIV.§ CDC analyzed deceased donor data for the period 2010-2017 reported to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network for IRDs and standard risk donors (SRDs) (i.e., donors who do not meet any of the criteria for increased risk designation). During this period, the proportion of IRDs increased approximately 200%, from 8.9% to 26.3%; the percentage with drug intoxication reported as the mechanism of death also increased approximately 200%, from 4.3% to 13.4%; and the proportion of these ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

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Conn Med. 2018 Mar;82(3):133-137.ABSTRACTOpioid overdose and substance abuse treatment entry data suggest that injection drug use is increasing in nonurban locations. We sought to explore the prevalence and incidence of viral infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) residing in Fairfield and New Haven counties but outside of the six largest cities. A longitudinal cohort of PWID was assembled and incidence of HIV-1, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections was determined by annual antibody screening. Data on participants' socioeconomic situation and risk behaviors were collected. We identified 11 new hepat...
Source: Connecticut Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
BURLINGTON (CBS) – Doctors at Lahey Hospital told Matt Higgins a new liver was his only option for survival as chronic liver disease ravaged the Seabrook, New Hampshire man’s body. “My energy levels, I was down to nothing. I could barely walk a 100 yards without having to stop. I was jaundiced, completely yellow,” Higgins told WBZ-TV. When the call came that a liver transplant was available from a 24-year-old donor who had died from an opioid overdose, Higgins said, he did not hesitate. He immediately accepted it. “Being as sick as I was, of course I said yes. I’ll take anything that&rsq...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Local News Syndicated Local Confronting The Crisis Louisa Moller opioid crisis Organ Donation Source Type: news
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Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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