Data Show that Federal Investment in Research Pays Dividends

In 1990, the federal government formally launched an ambitious initiative to sequence the human genome, to identify all the genes in human DNA, and to develop the tools to store and allow access to this information. The effort took 13 years and cost the federal government $3.8 billion. As is evidenced by technological advancements, the cultivation of new lines of research, and countless subsequent scientific discoveries, the Human Genome Project (HGP) was a success by nearly all measures. A question of interest to policymakers, however, is what the economic return on this kind of federal investment is. The HGP generated great prosperity, according to a 2011 report by the Battelle Technology Partnership Practice. Between 1988 and 2010, human genome sequencing and associated activities by private industry and researchers generated $796 billion in US economic output. This represents a return on investment of $141 for every $1 spent by the government. The HGP has also generated an estimated 3.8 million job-years of employment and increased government revenue. As was reported by the Battelle group, the genomics-enabled industry generated more than $3.7 billion in federal taxes and $2.3 billion in state and local taxes in 2010 alone. "Thus in one year, revenues returned to government nearly equaled the entire 13-year investment in the HGP," states the report. Beyond economic benefits, the HGP has influenced and benefited numerous disciplines outside genomics. From human...
Source: Washington Watch - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news

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Conclusions: The prevalence of long-term posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among family members of acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors is high. Family members with preexisting mental health disorders, recent experiences of serious physical illness, and family members of previously healthy patients are at increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
MRI studies show multiple sclerosis brain changes linked to depression, but randomized controlled trials of antidepressants in this population are lacking.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Study Objectives:Studies have shown racial differences in circadian rhythm in African Americans when compared to non-Hispanic whites, and an association between circadian dyssynchrony and depression. We hypothesized that the prevalence of delayed sleep time is greater in African Americans when compared to whites and that delayed sleep time is associated with depression.Methods:We analyzed data from the Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS), a large community-based sample. Delayed sleep time was defined as self-reported weeknight bedtime after midnight. Depression was defined based on participant's response to the question,&ldquo...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:Maternal depressive symptoms, food insecurity, and household insecurity (factors associated with low socioeconomic status) may be associated with a negative sleep environment and poor toddler sleep quality, potentially because of decreased implementation of bedtime routines.Commentary:A commentary on this article appears in this issue on page 821.Citation:Covington LB, Rogers VE, Armstrong B, Storr CL, Black MM. Toddler bedtime routines and associations with nighttime sleep duration, and maternal and household factors.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(6):865–871.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Hongbin Song, Dongdong Xu, Lu Tian, Ruiyi Chen, Ligai Wang, Peng Tan, Qiaochu YouAbstractThe yellow drum (Nibea albiflora) is an economically important maricultured fish in China, but the aquaculture of this species has recently been limited by an increase in overwinter mortalities associated with cold and starvation stress due to global climate changes. To better understand the interaction between starvation and cold-stress-driven overwinter mortality, we investigated the effects of these stresses on the growth performance, liv...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of IEI and belongs to functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of FSS are applicable.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Suicide remains a global issue with over 800,000 people dying from suicide every year. Youth suicide is especially serious due to the years of life lost when a young person takes their own life. Social interactions, perceived support, genetic p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
PMID: 31194479 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
PMID: 31194478 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Reasons It Is Hard to Get Help for My Addiction Breaking free from the prison that addiction holds you in is very difficult. It can often be a long, bumpy road to recovery because long-lasting sobriety takes a lot of effort. It can make many people stop to wonder: Why is it so hard to get help for my addiction? Roadblocks of Getting Help for My Addiction One of the many reasons you may be thinking, “why is it so hard to get help for my addiction?” is because there can be many roadblocks in the way. Some of these roadblocks include life obligations, the detox process, and the financial cost of treatment. Life Ob...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Stories Addiction Treatment and Program Resources Drug Treatment Substance Abuse addiction help admissions alcohol detox call for help drug detox medical detox medicated-assisted detox presc Source Type: blogs
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