The sacro-iliac joint: A potentially painful enigma. Update on the diagnosis and treatment of pain from micro-trauma

Publication date: Available online 4 January 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Jean Charles Le Huec, Andreas Tsoupras, Amelie Leglise, Paul Heraudet, Gabriel Celarier, Bengt SturressonAbstractThe sacro-iliac joint (SIJ) located at the transition between the spine and the lower limbs is subjected to major shear forces. Mobility at the SIJ is very limited but increases during pregnancy and the post-partum period. Familiarity with the anatomy and physiology of the SIJ is important. The SIJ is a diarthrodial joint that connects two variably undulating cartilage surfaces, contains synovial fluid, and is enclosed within a capsule strengthened by several ligaments. This lecture does not discuss rheumatic or inflammatory diseases of the SIJ, whose diagnosis relies on imaging studies and blood tests. Instead, it focuses on micro-traumatic lesions. Micro-trauma causes chronic SIJ pain, which must be differentiated from hip pain and spinal pain. The diagnosis rests on specific clinical provocation tests combined with a local injection of anaesthetic. Findings are normal from radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. Non-operative treatment with exercise therapy and stretching aims primarily to strengthen the latissimus dorsi, gluteus, and hamstring muscles to increase SIJ coaptation. Other physical treatments have not been proven effective. Radiofrequency denervation of the dorsal sensory rami has shown some measure of efficacy, although the e...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Discussion Tachycardia is a rapid heart rate that is above normal for age and level of exertion. Tachycardia is common, particularly sinus tachycardia due to normally encountered circumstances such as pain, fever or exercise. It is usually a normal physiologic process but sustained tachycardia often indicates a potentially abnormal underlying cause. Sinus tachycardia has a rapid heart rate with normal P waves and P-R intervals and variations from moment to moment and respiration. Generally it is not over 200 beats/minute. Vagal stimulation can slow the heart rate; this is a gradual slowing, not an abrupt slowing seen in ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Discussion The term, cerebral palsy, or CP has gone through many iterations with the first description in 1861 by W.J. Little who described it as “The condition of spastic rigidity of the limbs of newborn children.” The most recent definition is from Rosenbaun et al. in 2007 which states it is “a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cog...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Study Design. Retrospective study. Objective. To investigate the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy and persistent low back and pelvic pain (LBPP) after delivery. Summary of Background Data. Persistent LBPP after delivery is a risk factor for developing depression and chronic pain as well as incurring sick leave. Women experience weight gain during pregnancy. Excessive weight gain places a greater burden on the musculoskeletal system. However, little is known about how GWG is associated with LBPP after delivery. Methods. After Ethics Committee approval, we analyzed 330 women at 4 ...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY Source Type: research
Several interactive pelvic axes occur during activities of weight-bearing and ambulation. Flexion and extension of the symmetrical innominates occur on the sacral x-axis with weight-bearing. Normal asymmetric innominate rotation occurs on the innominate axis at the pubic symphysis during weight-bearing with normal ambulation. Oblique sacral movement occurs on an oblique sacral axis concurrent with asymmetric innominate movement. Acute and chronic low back pain is commonly caused by a bilateral symmetrical or oblique anterior innominate rotation on the sacrum on an acetabular axis, usually while lifting, bending, lowering, ...
Source: Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Thieves' Market Source Type: research
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Communication Family Friends General Grief and Loss Not Crazy Podcast Relationships Source Type: blogs
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Pregnant women with chronic pain present a unique clinical challenge for both chronic pain and obstetrical providers, and clinical guidelines do not exist. The present study describes the prevalence and management of chronic pain during pregnancy in a perinatal mood disorder clinic. A retrospective chart review of pregnant women who presented to the Women's Mental Health Program at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) for an initial evaluation from July 2013 to June 2016 was conducted to obtain demographic and medical information, including pharmacological exposures. Data are described u...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
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