Hospital volume and outcome in rectal cancer patients; results of a population-based study in the Netherlands

ConclusionHospital volume was not associated with survival in cT1-3 rectal cancer. In cT4 rectal cancer, treatment in high volume cT4 hospitals was associated with improved survival compared to low volume cT4 hospitals, although this association lost statistical significance after correction for neoadjuvant treatment.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOne-fifth of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer are manageable with a rectum-sparing approach after neoadjuvant therapy. With this strategy, about 80% patients will have their rectum preserved and 90% will be without stoma at long term.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: LETTERS AND REPLIES Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although MRIyT=2N0/TRG1-2 cannot predict all cases of a complete pathologic response, it can effectively predict a low rate of lymph node involvement and a better prognosis in patients who undergo total mesorectal excision. PMID: 31687781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: In selected rectal cancer patients with residual local disease following neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) and the preference of an organ preservation pathway, additional treatment with dose escalation by endoluminal radiotherapy (RT) may ultimately result in a clinical complete response. To date, the widespread introduction of selective endoluminal radiation techniques is hampered by a lack of evidence-based guidelines that describe the radiation treatment volume in relation to the residual tumor mass. In order to convert an incomplete response into a complete one with additional treatment such...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Vicente Simó, Jorge Arredondo, Cristina Hernán, Luís Miguel Jiménez, Benedetto Ielpo, Jesús Fernández, Amaya Villafañe, Enrique PastorAbstractIntroductionThe aim of this study is to describe and evaluate our clinical short-term surgical results of laparoscopic transanal total mesorectal excision.MethodsAnalysis of 100 consecutive patients with mid and lower rectal cancer who underwent transanal total mesorectal excision from November 2013 to September 2018. Ma...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study has demonstrated delaying a patient to adjuvant ChT will lower their DFS and increase their HR compared with those whose treatment is not delayed. We have long been too focused on local control; hence, priority needs to be shifted to efforts in managing potential distant disease in a timely manner.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionAside from one reader demonstrating increased sensitivity, no significant difference in accuracy parameters or inter-observer agreement was found between MR using b800 and b1500 for the detection of residual tumor after neoadjuvant CRT for LARC. However, there was a suggestion of a trend towards increased sensitivity with b1500, and further studies using larger cohorts may be needed to further investigate this topic.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionR2-resections do not result in a survival benefit compared to non-surgical treatment in this non-randomized series. Patients with a high chance on a R2-resection could be offered non-surgical treatment, without local resection.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this systematic review and NMA will first use both direct and indirect evidence to compare the differences of all available interval to surgery after CRT in rectal cancer. This is a protocol of systematic review and meta-analysis, so the ethical approval and patient consent are not required.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing rectal preservation as intended by the surgeon, and the outcomes of patients refusing rectal resection against medical advice.MethodsThe study population consisted of patients in whom the rectum was preserved after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for clinical stage I –III mid or low rectal cancer between May 2003 and August 2017 (n  =  2883); these patients were divided into those in whom rectal preservation was intended by their surgeon (intended rectal preservation, group A,n  =  41) and those in whom the rectum was ...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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