Northeast Nigeria: Urgent Need to Combat Deadly Cholera Outbreaks
Overcrowding leading to poor sanitary conditions in IDPs camps and communities contributes to further cholera outbreak in Borno Nigeria.By Janet CheronoMAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Nov 12 2018 (IPS)The number of people who have been affected by cholera in northeast Nigeria has increased to 10,000. The disease is spreading quickly in congested displacement camps with limited access to proper sanitation facilities. One of the major causes of the outbreak is the congestion in the camps that makes it difficult to provide adequate water, sanitation and hygiene services. The rainy season has also worsened the conditions.NRC is calling on the local governments in Nigeria’s northeastern states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe to end the cycle of yearly cholera outbreaks.If more land is not urgently provided for camp decongestion and construction of health and sanitation facilities, Nigeria is steering towards yet another cholera outbreak in 2019.Over the last decade, northeast Nigeria and other areas of the Lake Chad Basin have been affected by cholera outbreaks almost every year, due to poor hygiene facilities in displacement camps and host communities. More than 1.8 million people are displaced in Nigeria, as a result of ongoing conflicts.Maiduguri has the highest concentration of displaced people, with 243,000 displaced people cramped in camps, camp-like settlements and already crowded host communities, according to figures from the International Organization for Migration.In Kagoni Sangay...
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[Dalsan Radio] Somalia has just launched one of Africa's largest immunization campaigns using oral cholera vaccines (OCV). The campaign, which runs from 22 to 28 June 2019 in high-risk areas of Somalia, will vaccinate more than 650 000 people aged one year and above to eliminate the risk of the disease among vulnerable populations and to prevent recurring cholera outbreaks in the country.
During an 1848 cholera outbreak in India, British Army Surgeon J. Collis Browne, M.R.C.S. (1819 to 1884) used Chlorodyne —his formulation of laudanum, cannabis, and chloroform—as an antidiarrheal remedy. Years later, he partnered with London pharmacist J. T. Davenport to mass-market Chlorodyne as a panacea. From Manchester, England, Robert Gibson&Sons combined Chlorodyne with Linseed and Liquorice in decorative tins of cough lozenges (above). By 1901 these “beautifully enameled counter show tins” were advertised to American professionals and the public as filled with cough lozenges that “a...
A cholera outbreak started on 29 February in Bwikhonge Sub-county, Bulambuli District in Eastern Uganda. Local public health authorities implemented initial control measures. However, in late March, cases shar...
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ConclusionsWGS results allowed for mapping of short reads from APW-enriched specimen and culture isolate spotted filter papers this provided valuable molecular epidemiological sequence information onV.cholerae strains from remote, low-resource settings. These results identified the presence of co-infecting pathogens while providing rare insight into the specificV.cholerae strains causing outbreaks in cholera-endemic areas.