Process evaluation of a cluster ‐randomised controlled trial of multi‐component weight management programme in adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity

ConclusionsThe extensive process evaluation illustrated that a full ‐scale trial of a multi‐component programme including an EDD is feasible and an acceptable approach to weight management for adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

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Authors: Moreno-Fresneda P, Triguero-Martínez A, Olivas-Martínez I, Ortiz-Aljaro P, González-Escribano MF, Nuño-Nuño L, Ortiz AM, González-Álvaro I Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of body mass index (BMI) in the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of early arthritis patients. METHODS: We analysed the clinical and laboratory parameters from the baseline visit of patients (670 patients [78.51% women]) included in the PEARL study. The WHO definition for low weight, normal weight, overweight and obesity (BMI
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Ness RB Abstract The last century of innovative public health discoveries has led most of the world's population to lead longer, healthier lives. Yet, the future holds some of the greatest public health challenges in mankind's history. Global disparities in health; medication safety; climate change; epidemics of obesity and diabetes; an aging world demographic; and emerging infections all represent problems requiring scientific solutions. The solutions to these problems, like the solutions to those in the last century that contributed so greatly to our quality of life, will require paradigm-shifting innova...
Source: Public Health Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research
ml;ki M Abstract BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity is a combination of both sarcopenia and obesity, which potentiate each other and maximize the negative influences of each, such as physical disability, morbidity, or even mortality. OBJECTIVES: To describe the criteria used to identify people with sarcopenic obesity and the components of the non-pharmacological interventions used to manage it, and to evaluate the effectiveness of those interventions. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Cochrane Library, Scopus, EMBASE, PscyINFO, CINAHL and PubMed were searched. The risk of bias was examined usin...
Source: Experimental Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research
This study, for the first time, shows that transplantation of non-autologous mitochondria from healthy skeletal muscle cells into normal cardiomyocytes leads to short-term improvement of bioenergetics indicating "supercharged" state. However, over time these improved effects disappear, which suggests transplantation of mitochondria may have a potential application in settings where there is an acute stress. Outlining Some of the Science Behind Partial Reprogramming at Tur...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review Despite its critical roles in body movement, structure, and metabolism, skeletal muscle remains underappreciated in the context of rheumatoid arthritis. In rheumatoid arthritis, chronic inflammation, physical inactivity, and medication toxicities impair skeletal muscle. These skeletal muscle alterations contribute to continued rheumatoid arthritis disparities in physical function and cardiometabolic health. Recent findings In the prebiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug era, rheumatoid arthritis skeletal muscle atrophy was the central feature of ‘rheumatoid cachexia,’ a hypermetab...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: Edited by Joshua F. Baker Source Type: research
ConclusionIn Ethiopia, a low percentage of individuals with SMIs initiate psychiatric treatment and many discontinue this to attend spiritual healing.  In this study, the Ethiopian SMI patients engaged consistently in psychiatric treatment indicated high mean subjective recovery scores. Devising mechanisms to integrate the psychiatric treatment and spiritual healing sectors are suggested. Approaches to improve quality of life, functioning, hope, internalized stigma and provide need-based social support are suggested.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions Lower percent fat and higher percent lean mass associated with better physical performance after accounting for BMI. Body composition and BMI may be used together in the future to more comprehensively understand the association between obesity and disability.
Source: JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are reliable surgical options to treat pain and disability resulting from degenerative conditions around the hip and knee. Obesity is a modifiable risk factor that contributes to significant morbidity. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare outcomes in primary hip and knee arthroplasty for patients with increased body mass index (BMI) and those with normal BMI, using data from the registry of the Alberta Bone and Joint Health Institute (ABJHI). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data compiled in the ABJ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research
Abstract Neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule subgroup IgLON, has been involved in neuronal growth and connectivity. Genetic variants, in or near the NEGR1 locus, have been associated with obesity and, more recently, with learning difficulties, intellectual disability, and psychiatric disorders. Here, we described the only second report of NEGR1 gene disruption in 1p31.1 microdeletion in two patients. Patient 1 is a 14-year-old female with neurological and psychiatric features present also in her family. Patient 2 is a 5-month-old infant showing glo...
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
Abstract The combination of sarcopenia and obesity (i.e., sarcopenic obesity) is more strongly associated with disability and metabolic/cardiovascular diseases than obesity or sarcopenia alone. Therefore, countermeasures that simultaneously suppress fat gain and muscle atrophy to prevent an increase in sarcopenic obesity are warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the simultaneous effects of fucoxanthinol (FXOH) on fat loss in mature adipocytes and the inhibition of atrophy and loss in myotubes induced by oxidative stress. C2C12 myotubes were treated with FXOH for 24 h and further incubated with h...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
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