Hospitalisation of adults with Down syndrome: lesson from a 10 ‐year experience from a community hospital
AbstractBackgroundLife expectancy of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) has improved significantly over the past decades. However, there are sparse data documenting the co ‐morbidities and hospitalisation of adult patients with DS in the literature. The aim of this study was to characterise the co‐morbidities and pattern of hospitalisation in adult patients with DS during a 10‐year period at the community hospital as well as to compare hospitalisation parameters with the general adult population during the same years.MethodWe reviewed the medical records of 81 hospitalisations from 37 patients with DS aged 21 to 68 ...
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 28, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: J. Chenbhanich, A. Wu, T. Phupitakphol, A. Atsawarungruangkit, T. Treadwell Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Multimorbidity and lifestyle factors among adults with intellectual disabilities: a cross ‐sectional analysis of a UK cohort
We described comorbidities and the prevalence of multimorbidity in this population. We explored the relationship between multimorbidity and age, gender, ethnicity, severity of ID, socio‐economic status, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, fruit and vegetable consumption and smoking status using multiple logistic regression.ResultsThe prevalence of multimorbidity was 61.2% (95% CI 57.7 –64.7). Multimorbidity was independently associated with being female (P 
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 28, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: F. Tyrer, A. J. Dunkley, J. Singh, C. Kristunas, K. Khunti, S. Bhaumik, M. J. Davies, T. E. Yates, L. J. Gray Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Social –emotional processing in nonverbal individuals with Angelman syndrome: evidence from brain responses to known and novel names
ConclusionsThese findings indicate good tolerability of ERP procedures (85% success rate). The lack of own name differentiation is consistent with increased incidence of the autism ‐related symptoms in AS. Strong associations between the caregiver reports of adaptive functioning and neural indices of known name recognition support the utility of brain‐based measures for objectively evaluating cognitive and affective processes in nonverbal persons with neurodevelopmental di sorders. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 23, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. P. Key, D. Jones Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Resource use and cost of annual health checks in primary care for people with intellectual disabilities
ConclusionThe level of resource utilisation increased in both (AHC and no AHC) groups after the index date. Although the level of resource use before index date was lower in the no AHC group, it increased after the index date up to almost reaching the level of resource utilisation in the AHC group. Further research is needed to explore if the AHCs are effective in reducing health inequalities. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 21, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M. Panca, M. Buszewicz, A. Strydom, A. Hassiotis, C. A. Welch, R. M. Hunter Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Correlates of early cognition in infants with Down syndrome
ConclusionsEarly attention shifting may be an important factor that facilitates overall cognitive skill acquisition in infants with Down syndrome, and premature birth may be a risk factor for difficulties on this dimension. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 21, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: D. J. Fidler, E. Schworer, E. A. Will, L. Patel, L. A. Daunhauer Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Risk of exposure to air pollution among British children with and without intellectual disabilities
ConclusionsLevels of exposure to outdoor air pollution among children with ID are significantly higher than those of families of children without ID. Exposure to outdoor air pollution may be one of the pathways that contributes to the health inequities experienced by people with IDs. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: E. Emerson, J. Robertson, C. Hatton, S. Baines Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Group Climate Instrument (GCI) in individuals with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning
ConclusionsThe GCI might be used to assess perception of the living group climate for individuals with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning in psychiatric and forensic care settings, although further development of the GCI and replication of our findings seem necessary. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: E. G. Neimeijer, J. J. Roest, G. H. P. Helm, R. Didden Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Perception of biological motions is preserved in people with autism spectrum disorder: electrophysiological and behavioural evidences
ConclusionTaken together, our results indicate that the perception of non ‐emotional BMs is preserved in children with ASD. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M. S. Sotoodeh, H. Taheri ‐Torbati, M. Sohrabi, M. Ghoshuni Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Volume 62, Issue 12, December 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 19, 2018 Category: Disability Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Self ‐injurious behaviours in rhesus macaques: Potential glial mechanisms
ConclusionsGlia are most probably activated in primates with self ‐injury, and are therefore potential novel targets for therapeutics. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: J. Ramsey, E. C. Martin, O. M. Purcell, K. M. Lee, A. G. MacLean Tags: Special Issue Source Type: research

Self ‐injurious behaviour in people with intellectual disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Volume 62, Issue 12, Page 993-996, December 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: C. Richards, F. Symons Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Process evaluation of a cluster ‐randomised controlled trial of multi‐component weight management programme in adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity
ConclusionsThe extensive process evaluation illustrated that a full ‐scale trial of a multi‐component programme including an EDD is feasible and an acceptable approach to weight management for adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 11, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: L. Harris, C. Hankey, N. Jones, H. Murray, C. Pert, J. Tobin, S. Boyle, R. Shearer, C. A. Melville Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity in individuals with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials
ConclusionsThere is inconsistent evidence of the effects of interventions for improving physical activity levels in individuals with ID. A progressive resistance training programme was found to maintain physical activity levels in adolescents with Down syndrome, while a multicomponent diet and physical activity programme and a physical activity and fitness programme were found to improve physical activity levels in adults with ID. Future trials using rigorous research designs are required to confirm these findings and establish whether other interventions designed to increase physical activity in people with ID are effecti...
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: N. M. Hassan, K. B. Landorf, N. Shields, S. E. Munteanu Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Falls resulting in health care among older people with intellectual disability in comparison with the general population
ConclusionsPeople with ID are more likely to require specialist care after a fall and also more likely to obtain injuries to the head, compared with the general population. This is important to consider when taking preventive measures to reduce falls and fall ‐related injuries. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. Axmon, G. Ahlstr öm, M. Sandberg Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Reduction in grey matter volume and its correlation with clinical symptoms in Chinese boys with low functioning autism spectrum disorder
ConclusionIn conclusion, the current study's findings display that the GM volume was widely reduced in Chinese boys with LFASD compared to TD boys and negatively correlated with the clinical symptoms, indicating a possible pathological mechanism of LFASD. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: G. Li, K. Rossbach, W. Jiang, L. Zhao, K. Zhang, Y. Du Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Inhibition, shifting and updating in relation to psychometric intelligence across ability groups in the psychiatric population
ConclusionsResults support a specific role for shifting in this EF –intelligence relation. The correlational pattern of updating and intelligence, as well as the differential relation of shifting and intelligence across ability groups, suggests that EF tasks may not measure distinct EFs in lower intellectual ability but rely on cognitive primitives such as proces sing speed. EF tasks can be considered less valid indicators of EF ability. Implications in terms of the need for development of specific tasks to measure cognition in low intellectual ability are discussed. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 7, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: K. E. Biesmans, L. Aken, E. M. J. Frunt, P. A. M. Wingberm ühle, J. I. M. Egger Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

High health care costs among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: a population ‐based study
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - November 1, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: Y. Lunsky, C. De Oliveira, A. Wilton, W. Wodchis Source Type: research

Men and women with Down syndrome exhibit different kinematic (but not spatio ‐temporal) gait patterns
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - October 30, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M. Pau, C. Condoluci, M. Zago, M. Galli Source Type: research

A cross sectional study to evaluate the oral health status of children with intellectual disabilities in the National Capital Region of India (Delhi ‐NCR)
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - October 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. Makkar, K. R. Indushekar, B. G. Saraf, D. Sardana, N. Sheoran Source Type: research

Prevalence and sequelae of self ‐reported and other‐reported sexual abuse in adults with intellectual disability
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - October 17, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M. D. Gil ‐Llario, V. Morell‐Mengual, I. Díaz‐Rodríguez, R. Ballester‐Arnal Source Type: research

Classification of intellectual disability according to domains of adaptive functioning and between ‐domains discrepancy in adults with epilepsy
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - October 15, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: J. S. Ool, F. M. Snoeijen ‐Schouwenaars, I. Y. Tan, H. J. Schelhaas, A. P. Aldenkamp, J. G. M. Hendriksen Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 11, November 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - October 12, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Step ‐counting accuracy of activity monitors in persons with Down syndrome
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 21, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: F.Bertapelli , J. S.Curtis , B.Carlson , M.Johnson , B.Abadie , S.Agiovlasitis Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Clinical Outcome Routine Evaluation ‐Learning Disabilities 30‐Item (CORE‐LD30)
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 21, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. L.Barrowcliff , S. C.Oathamshaw , C.Evans Source Type: research

A pilot study evaluating depression in mothers with children diagnosed with Down syndrome in state health care
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M.Swanepoel , T.Haw Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 10, October 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Family impact of childhood neurodevelopmental disability: considering adaptive and maladaptive behaviour
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 10, Page 888-899, October 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: E.Gardiner , A. R.Miller , L. M.Lach Source Type: research

A systematic review of cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety in adults with intellectual disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 18, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: D.Dagnan , I.Jackson , L.Eastlake Source Type: research

An observational study of the use of acute hospital care by people with intellectual disabilities in England
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 17, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: G.Glover , R.Williams , G.Tompkins , J.Oyinlola Source Type: research

The relationship between motor abilities and quality of life in children with severe multiple disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - September 3, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: S. M.Mensch , M. A.Echteld , R.Lemmens , A.Oppewal , H. M.Evenhuis , E. A. A.Rameckers Source Type: research

Health beliefs and behaviours of families towards the health needs of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in Accra, Ghana
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 31, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: D. ‐L.Lamptey Source Type: research

Initiating joint attention use in infants at high ‐risk for autism spectrum disorder
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 29, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. M.Brewe , D. L.Reisinger , S. M.Adlof , J. E.Roberts Source Type: research

Correlates of burnout among professionals working with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 24, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A.Finkelstein , Y. G.Bachner , C.Greenberger , R.Brooks , A.Tenenbaum Source Type: research

The exercise of human rights and citizenship by older adults with an intellectual disability in Ireland
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: D.McCausland , P.McCallion , D.Brennan , M.McCarron Source Type: research

‘More people talk to you when you have a dog’ – dogs as catalysts for social inclusion of people with intellectual disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: E.Bould , C.Bigby , P. C.Bennett , T. J.Howell Source Type: research

Risk factors for challenging behaviour and psychopathology in adults with Down syndrome
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: R. E.Nevill , B. A.Benson Source Type: research

Childhood adversity, health and quality of life in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 17, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. F.Santoro , S. M.Shear , A.Haber Source Type: research

Mobile technology use and skills among individuals with fragile X syndrome: implications for healthcare decision making
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 14, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: M.Raspa , T.Fitzgerald , R. D.Furberg , A.Wylie , R.Moultrie , M.DeRamus , A. C.Wheeler , L.McCormack Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 9, September 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - August 10, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Classification of injuries observed in functional classes of self ‐injurious behaviour
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 25, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: G. W.Rooker , N. L.Hausman , A. B.Fisher , M. K.Gregory , J. L.Lawell , L. P.Hagopian Source Type: research

Concepts of job satisfaction in people with intellectual disability
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 23, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A.Kocman , G.Weber Source Type: research

Who's challenging who training for staff empathy towards adults with challenging behaviour: cluster randomised controlled trial
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 23, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: R. P.Hastings , D.Gillespie , S.Flynn , R.McNamara , Z.Taylor , R.Knight , E.Randell , L.Richards , G.Moody , A.Mitchell , P.Przybylak , B.Williams , P. H.Hunt Source Type: research

The role of neurotensin in vulnerability for self ‐injurious behaviour: studies in a rodent model
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 23, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. M.Muehlmann , S. L.Wolfman , D. P.Devine Source Type: research

Rehabilitation service utilisation among adults with intellectual disabilities: Trends and socioeconomic disparities in China
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 20, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: P.He , G.Chen , T.Liu , L.Zhang , X.Zheng Source Type: research

Personal characteristics and outcomes of individuals with developmental disabilities who need support for self ‐injurious behaviour
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: V.Bradley , D.Hiersteiner , D.Rotholz , J.Maloney , H.Li , A.Bonardi , J.Bershadsky Source Type: research

Reliability of parent report measures of behaviour in children with Down syndrome
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 19, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: A. J.Esbensen , E. K.Hoffman , R.Shaffer , E.Chen , L.Patel , L.Jacola Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 8, August 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 13, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioural phenotypes: working towards translational research through research partnerships
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 8, Page 661-663, August 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 13, 2018 Category: Disability Authors: D.Adams , H.Heussler , K. M.Gray Source Type: research

SSBP Melbourne 2018 abstracts selected for oral presentation
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 8, Page 666-671, August 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 13, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

SSBP Melbourne 2018 abstracts for keynote presentations
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research,Volume 62, Issue 8, Page 664-665, August 2018. (Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research)
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - July 13, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research