Does motivational interviewing improve the weight management process in adolescents? Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

This study aims to investigate whether MI will improve weight management process in adolescents.Methods/designA systematic review will be conducted on clinical trials, assessing the effect of MI on weight management processes in adolescents, aged 10 to 19  years. The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of MI in controlling weight-related measures in overweight and obese adolescents. Secondary objectives are assessing the efficacy of MI on obesity-related behaviors and cognitive abilities considering heterogeneity in outcomes of primary studi es in different MI settings. Main data sources include MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, and PsycINFO from 1980 to May, 2018, with no language restrictions. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment will be performed by two independent reviewers. A meta-an alysis will be conducted on relevant outcomes. Data will be analyzed for outcome of interest using the 95% confidence interval (CI) of an estimate for dichotomous outcomes and mean differences (MDs) for continious outcomes. Cochrane’sQ statistic and theI2 statistic will be performed to evaluate the heterogeneity. Subgroup analysis and suitable analytical strategies will be conducted to identify the potential sources of heterogeneity. As we expect a high heterogeneity in our included studies, pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% CI will be calculated to estimate the overall effect sizes, using meta-regression models or finite mix...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Abstract The Power of Food Scale (PFS) is an instrument designed to examine individual differences in the drive to eat for pleasure (as opposed to in response to physiological hunger) and the effect of living in an obesogenic environment. Previous research supports the validity and reliability of the PFS, however, it had yet to be validated in an ethnically diverse college sample. The purpose of the current study was to test the factor structure and measurement invariance of the PFS across gender, ethnicity, and weight status. A sample of 432 college students completed the PFS (males=113, females = 319; non-Hispan...
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research
In conclusion, HFD-induced hypertension is not driven by increased sympathetic neurotransmission to MA in male and female Dahl ss rats. PMID: 31731103 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Autonomic Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Auton Neurosci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Total EMPs per microliter PFP, percent-activated EMPs and percent LACT(+) of total EMPs are reproducible among youth. PMID: 31729246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, dietary nitrate may have therapeutic utility against obesity and associated metabolic complications possibly by increasing adipocyte mitochondrial respiration and by dampening inflammation and oxidative stress.Graphical abstract
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Arcuate nucleus agouti–related peptide (AgRP) neurons play a central role in feeding and are under complex regulation by both homeostatic hormonal and nutrient signals and hypothalamic neuronal pathways. Feeding may also be influenced by environmental cues, sensory inputs, and other behaviors, implying the involvement of higher brain regions. However, whether such pathways modulate feeding through direct synaptic control of AgRP neuron activity is unknown. Here, we show that nociceptin-expressing neurons in the anterior bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (aBNST) make direct GABAergic inputs onto AgRP neurons. We foun...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Nikolajczyk BS, Dawson DR Abstract New strategies are critically needed to counter uncontrolled periodontal infection and inflammation in obesity-associated type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, mechanisms that explain the relationship between periodontitis (PD) and T2D remain poorly understood. Several lines of evidence indicate that destructive immune responses potentiate periodontitis (PD) in T2D. B cells are abundant in periodontal lesions, and our data show that B cells are required for PD in obese/insulin resistant but not lean/normoglycemic mice. In mice and in people, T2D-primed B cells supported Th17 cy...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Conclusion: People with obesity who incur an SCI need special attention to prevent early mortality. Future studies should explore factors that contribute to such a higher mortality after SCI, such as preexisting conditions and comorbidities. The effects of BMI on long-term mortality also deserve further investigation. PMID: 31729925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
This study tests the factorial validity of a brief measure of obesity-related parenting and measurement invariance of the English and Spanish versions of the scale, as well as among mothers and fathers.MethodsParents of children enrolled in Head Start (n=578; 500 mothers and 78 fathers) completed a brief survey of food (7 items), physical activity (5 items), and sleep parenting (3 items) in fall of 2017 and 2018. Scale items were drawn from existing measures and the evidence base, initially drafted in English, and then translated to Spanish. One parent per family completed the scale independently in English (n=448) or Span...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsOpportunities exist for more engagement by NIH and scientific investigators in diet- and physical activity–focused prevention research, particularly around assessment and known research gaps.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsLSC is feasible, with equivalent intraoperative complication rates for normal weight, overweight and obese women when performed by experienced laparoscopic urogynaecologists. Given the benefits of a laparoscopic approach in obese women, the authors suggest they should be offered LSC as an option to treat vault prolapse when surgical management is being considered.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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