Lumbosacral and thoracolumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume changes in neonates, infants, children, and adolescents: a retrospective magnetic resonance imaging study

Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewTranscarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) is a novel hybrid procedure that reverses carotid flow and places a stent using surgical access of the carotid artery in the neck under local anesthesia. We discuss the indications for carotid revascularization, the clinical rationale for TCAR, and evidence for its potential role in the management of carotid stenosis.Recent FindingsResults from pre-clinical studies, prospective single-arm studies, and comparative analyses of registry data indicate that TCAR results in low amounts of periprocedural microembolization, cerebral lesions detectable on magneti...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
G Arora, N SahniJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2020 66(1):51-53 Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is caused by infarction of the pituitary gland usually precipitated by hypotension due to massive uterine hemorrhage during the peripartum period. Once SS develops, it becomes a major comorbidity for the young females and predisposes them to further medical, obstetric, and anesthetic complications. Herein, we report the perioperative anesthetic management of a 28-year-old female, already diagnosed with SS precipitated by urosepsis and septicemic shock in a previous pregnancy, now presenting with twin pregnancy for elective cesare...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Pediatric osteoarticular infection can cause severe morbidity. Some infectious loci may be difficult to identify clinically, and there may be more than one. There is little agreement regarding the appropriate use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in this setting. After noting an unacceptably high rate of unplanned returns to the operating room for recurrent infection, clinicians at a tertiary care children’s hospital noticed many patients had adjacent foci of infection on postoperative MRI. As a result, patients experienced prolonged treatment courses and multiple surgeries. An interdisci...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Selected Items Source Type: research
ConclusionThere is no anatomical relation between otolaryngologic surgery, the hypoglossal nerve and recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve. This Tapia’s syndrome case is possibly caused by nerve compression of the two nerves due to anaesthesia cannula. Ginkgo leaf extract, methylcobalamin and mouse nerve growth factor could be used as an alternative treatment plan in case of steroid contraindications.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Incidental intracranial hemorrhages are relatively common among infants born by vaginal delivery. They are often of little clinical significance within the first years of life and have unlikely consequences for later neurodevelopment either. Despite their benign character, investigators should be prepared to share this information with parents competently as the findings can cause parental anxiety, and especially as the popularity of MRI as a research tool is increasing.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Propofol is a hypnotic drug with a safe profile of efficacy and adverse events. Indeed, when administered by non-anesthesiologists, quick access to emergency care must be provided, especially in airway events. The use of propofol in other scenarios must be better studied, aiming to reduce the limitations of its administration by general pediatricians. PMID: 31926134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research
ConclusionBased on our preliminary experience, 4D Flow has become a complementary imaging modality accessible in current practice and open to all patients. The quality of this examination was satisfactory and seems to require an estimated learning curve of 3 months according to our experience.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsManagement of SNAC consists of histological diagnosis, radiological staging, radical surgery, and adjuvant radiation therapy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be indicated in selected cases. The role of biotherapy and immune therapy still needs to be elucidated.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are uncommon and can be easily missed with physical examination. The purpose of this article is to give an overview of the clinical, diagnostic and arthroscopic evaluation of a PCL injured knee. There are some specific injury mechanisms that can cause a PCL including the dashboard direct anterior blow and hyperflexion mechanisms. During the diagnostic process it is important to distinguish between an isolated or multiligament injury and whether the problem is acute or chronic. Physical examination can be difficult in an acutely injured knee because of pain and swelling, b...
Source: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: January–February 2020Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Volume 59, Issue 1Author(s): Tae Yong Kim, Yeok Gu Hwang, Jungtae Ahn, Jong Hun Baek, Bi O. JeongAbstractStress radiography is known as an important diagnostic tool for confirming mechanical instability in patients with chronic ankle instability. However, there are no reports on how muscle guarding caused by the stress applied on the ankle during stress radiography affects test outcomes. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the effects of muscle guarding caused by stress radiography on outcomes by performing stress radiography before a...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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