Acetaminophen pharmacokinetics in severely obese adolescents and young adults
ConclusionCurrent recommendations of acetaminophen to a maximum dose of 1000 mg resulted in serum concentrations below detection limits in all patients within 2  hours after administration. Dose is better predicted using total body mass with allometric scaling. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 28, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mohammed Hakim, Brian J. Anderson, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Marc P. Michalsky, Ahsan Syed, Joseph D. Tobias Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis on the histological and neurobehavioral long term effects of dexmedetomidine
ConclusionIn animals, dexmedetomidine was found not to induce histologic injury and to show a beneficial effect when administered with another anesthetic. No clinical results on the long term effects in children have been identified yet.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Camille E. van Hoorn, Sanne E. Hoeks, H. Essink, Dick Tibboel, Jurgen C. de Graaff Tags: Systematic reviews Source Type: research

A Follow ‐up Survey of Total Intravenous Anesthesia Usage in Children in the U.K. and Ireland
ConclusionThis survey has shown that although total intravenous anesthesia is not the default anesthetic technique for most anesthetists, overall usage in children has more than doubled in the past 10 years, with many happy to use it in a wide variety of patients and procedures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 25, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Nicole Goh, Oliver Bagshaw, Simon Courtman Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Sips for little lips ‐ letter to the editor
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 25, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Katyayani Katyayani, Bianca Tingle, Neena Seth Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Physico ‐chemical stability of Plasma‐Lyte 148 ® and Plasma‐Lyte 148 ® + 5% Glucose with eight common intravenous medications
AbstractBackgroundPlasma ‐Lyte 148® is a balanced, crystalloid intravenous (IV) fluid which is both calcium ‐free and isotonic. It prevents the hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis and iatrogenic hyponatraemia seen with use of 0.9% sodium chloride and hypotonic solutions respectively. However, data on compatibility with commonly used drugs is lacking.AimTo investigate the stability of Plasma ‐Lyte 148® and Plasma ‐Lyte 148® + 5% Glucose with eight commonly used therapeutic agents when compared with 5% Glucose and 0.9% Sodium Chloride as diluents. We aimed to provide vital data which may facilitate the int...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 25, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rachael Dawson, Andrew Wignell, Paul Cooling, David Barrett, Harish Vyas, Patrick Davies Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Sedation and neurodevelopmental outcomes in PICU: identification of study groups
ConclusionsIt is not possible to randomise infants to sedation or no sedation to investigate neurodevelopmental outcomes. This phase of the project aimed to determine the comparability of 2 groups of PICU patients.These findings indicate that these groups could be enrolled as exposed and control subjects in an outcomes study.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 25, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Davinia E Withington, Razaz Mujallid, Zainab Al Sabaa Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Integrating intraoperative physiology data into outcome analysis for the ACS Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
ConclusionAdding intraoperative vital signs to P ‐NSQIP data allowed identification of two modifiable risk factors: hypothermia was associated with increased wound disruption, and hypotension with increased blood transfusions and unplanned returns to the operating room. These findings may motivate prospective studies and prompt other centers a nd P‐NSQIP to augment outcome data with intraoperative physiological data. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 23, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Matthias G örges, Kourosh Afshar, Nicholas West, Shanshan Pi, Julie Bedford, Simon D. Whyte Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Sedation effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with ketamine and risk factors for sedation failure in young children during transthoracic echocardiography
ConclusionIntranasal sedation with a combination of dexmedetomidine and ketamine is effective and appears to have an acceptable safety profile for young children during transthoracic echocardiography. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 19, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jianxia Liu, Min Du, Lu Liu, Fei Cao, Ying Xu Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Perioperative management of tracheocutaneous fistula closure in children: A review of 96 cases
ConclusionPerioperative care for children undergoing tracheocutaneous fistula closure was not standardized. Advocated tests such as preoperative “mini” sleep studies and “leak test” intraoperatively were not consistently performed. Intraoperative anesthetic complications were uncommon; however, major postoperative respiratory complications were 5%. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 19, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Janis M. Ferns, Mehnaz Khan, Sanjeev Gupta, Jonathan H. Smith Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Severe outcomes of pediatric perioperative adverse events occurring in operating rooms compared to off ‐site anesthetizing locations in the Wake‐Up Safe Database
ConclusionMultivariable analysis of a large registry revealed a greater likelihood of severe outcome for adverse events occurring in cardiac catheterization suites (but not other out of the OR sites), compared to adverse events occurring in the operating room. Additional prospective studies are needed which better control for patient and environmental characteristics and their effect on severe outcomes after anesthesia.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 17, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Joshua C. Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Ralph J. Beltran, Joseph D. Tobias Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Predictive Factors for Adverse Outcomes in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Low Risk Skin and Soft Tissue Surgery: A Database Analysis of 6,730 Patients
ConclusionsPediatric patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists classification ≥ 3 and nutritional deficiency undergoing low‐risk surgery are at risk for the development of postoperative complications. Patients who develop wound and postoperative pulmonary complications are at higher risk for unplanned 30‐day readmission. Identification of these higher risk patients may allow the anesthesiologist to implement targeted therapies to minimize the likelihood of occurrence of these complications.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 17, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Eric C. Cheon, Anthony B. Longhini, Joseph Lee, Jennifer Hansen, Narasimhan Jagannathan, Gildasio S. De Oliveira, Santhanam Suresh Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

A Study of the dosage and duration for levobupivacaine infusion by the caudal ‐epidural route in infants aged 3‐6 months
ConclusionThis study examines the pharmacokinetics of levobupivacaine after a loading dose (given over 5 minutes) followed by a maintenance infusion in infants 3 ‐6 months. The study allows the development of a pharmacokinetic model, combining levobupivacaine and α1‐acid glycoprotein data. Modelling indicates that unbound levobupivacaine quickly reaches steady state once the infusion is started. Simulations suggest that it may be possible to continue the infusion beyond 48 hours.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 17, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rita Vashisht, Anju A Bendon, Ijeoma Okonkwo, Davandra Patel, Catherine Fullwood, Kayode Ogungbenro, Leon Aarons, Adam S. Darwich Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Chronological change in oropharyngeal leak pressure of pediatric i ‐gel™
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 16, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Yusuke Yoshikawa, Hirata Naoyuki, Nawa Yuko, Michiaki Yamakage Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Pain Relief in the Palm of Your Hand: Harnessing Mobile Health to Manage Pediatric Pain
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 16, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: John F. Hunter, Zeev N. Kain, Michelle A. Fortier Tags: Special Interest Article (review) Source Type: research

An Open Label Pilot Study of a Dexmedetomidine ‐Remifentanil‐Caudal Anesthetic for Infant Lower Abdominal/Lower Extremity Surgery: The T REX Pilot Study
AbstractBackgroundConcern over potential neurotoxicity of anesthetics has led to growing interest in prospective clinical trials using potentially less toxic anesthetic regimens, especially for prolonged anesthesia in infants. Preclinical studies suggest that dexmedetomidine may have a reduced neurotoxic profile compared to other conventional anesthetic regimens; however, coadministration with either anesthetic drugs (e.g. remifentanil) and/or regional blockade is required to achieve adequate anesthesia for surgery. The feasibility of this pharmacological approach is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the feas...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 14, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Peter Szmuk, Dean Andropoulos, Francis McGowan, Ansgar Brambrink, Christopher Lee, Katherine J Lee, Mary Ellen McCann, Yang Liu, Rita Saynhalath, Choon Looi Bong, Brian J Anderson, Charles Berde, Jurgen C de Graaff, Nicola Disma, Dean Kurth, Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

The Advancement of Pediatric Anesthesia Pharmacology: David Ryan Cook (Scions, Serendipity, and Six Degrees of Separation)
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Franklyn P. Cladis, Christine L. Mai, Myron Yaster, Peter J. Davis Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

Current understanding and perioperative management of pediatric pulmonary hypertension
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Gregory J. Latham, Delphine Yung Tags: Educational review Source Type: research

Allergy alerts ‐ the incidence of parentally reported allergies in children presenting for general anaesthesia
ConclusionOnly the minority of parent ‐reported allergies in paediatric surgical patients were specialist confirmed and likely to be clinically relevant. Self‐reported food allergy is commonly specialist verified, reactions to medications were generally not. Over‐reporting of allergies is increasingly common and limits clinician c hoice of medications. Better education of patients and their families and more timely verification or dismissal of parent‐reported reactions is urgently needed.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David L Sommerfield, Aine Sommerfield, Alina Schilling, Lliana Slevin, Michaela Lucas, Britta S von Ungern ‐Sternberg Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

Neonatal anesthesia in low birth weight babies at Hospital Nacional Guido Valadares, Dili, Timor ‐Leste
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Robert F. Grace Source Type: research

Evaluation of the quality of acute pain management in a pediatric surgical setting: Validation of a parent proxy modified version of the revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 1, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: SookHui Chaw, YokeLin Lo, Ina I. Shariffuddin, JiaWing Wong, JiaYin Lee, David WeiJie Leong, Kevin WeiShan Ng, Lucy Chan Source Type: research

Cover Image
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 11, Page i-i, November 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Heather A. Ballard, Olga S. Leavitt, Anthony C. Chin, Rashmi Kabre, Debra E. Weese ‐Mayer, John Hajduk, Narasimhan Jagannathan Source Type: research

Issue Information
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 11, Page ii-iv, 937, November 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound ‐guided bougie insertion during anticipated difficult intubation
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 11, Page 1061-1061, November 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Amarjeet Kumar, Chandni Sinha, Ajeet Kumar Source Type: research

Parental satisfaction of child's perioperative care
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 11, Page 955-962, November 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jonathan S. Shafer, Brooke N. Jenkins, Michelle A. Fortier, Robert S. Stevenson, Natasha Hikita, Jeannie Zuk, Jeffrey I. Gold, Brenda Golianu, Sherrie H. Kaplan, Linda Mayes, Zeev N. Kain Source Type: research

In this issue November 2018
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 11, Page 939-939, November 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Source Type: research

Frequency of medication error in pediatric anesthesia: A systematic review and meta ‐analytic estimate
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Max M. Feinstein, Anthony E. Pannunzio, Pilar Castro Source Type: research

Enrollment challenges in multicenter, international studies: The example of the GAS trial
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Katherine R. Gentry, Sarah J. Arnup, Nicola Disma, Liam Dorris, Jurgen C. Graaff, Agnes Hunyady, Neil S. Morton, Davinia E. Withington, Mary Ellen McCann, Andrew J. Davidson, Anne M. Lynn, The GAS Trial Consortium Source Type: research

The power of N ‐PASS, aEEG, and BIS in detecting different levels of sedation in neonates: A preliminary study
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vito Giordano, Philipp Deindl, Katharina Goeral, Christine Czaba, Manfred Weninger, Angelika Berger, Monika Olischar, Tobias Werther Source Type: research

Performance of blow ‐by methods in delivering oxygen to pediatric patients during transport: A laboratory study
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Clemens R. M. Barends, Pembegul Yavuz, Bouwe Molenbuur, Anthony R. Absalom Source Type: research

A retrospective comparison of propofol to dexmedetomidine for pediatric magnetic resonance imaging sedation in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: RyungA Kang, Young Hee Shin, Nam ‐Su Gil, Ye Na Oh, Tae Soo Hahm, Ji Seon Jeong Source Type: research

Anesthetic considerations for magnetic resonance imaging ‐guided right‐heart catheterization in pediatric patients: A single institution experience
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Nina Deutsch, Jonathan Swink, Andrew J. Matisoff, Laura J. Olivieri, Russell R. Cross, Andrew T. Waberski, Chinwe Unegbu, Ileen F. Cronin, Joshua P. Kanter, Jamie M. Schwartz Source Type: research

Analgesic effectiveness, pharmacokinetics, and safety of a paracetamol/ibuprofen fixed ‐dose combination in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy: A randomized, single‐blind, parallel group trial
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rebecca Playne, Brian J. Anderson, Chris Frampton, Ioana Stanescu, Hartley C. Atkinson Source Type: research

A retrospective observational study of acquired subglottic stenosis using low ‐pressure, high‐volume cuffed endotracheal tubes
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 30, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David Greaney, John Russell, Ian Dawkins, Martina Healy Source Type: research

The effect of an immersive virtual reality tour of the operating theater on emergence delirium in children undergoing general anesthesia: A randomized controlled trial
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jung ‐Hee Ryu, Ah‐Young Oh, Hee‐Jeong Yoo, Jin‐Hee Kim, Jin‐Woo Park, Sung‐Hee Han Source Type: research

What are the validity and reliability of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale ‐Short Form in children less than 2 years‐old?
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: A Y Rosalie K ühlmann, Nisson Lahdo, Lonneke M Staals, Monique van Dijk Source Type: research

Postoperative behavioral changes in Chinese children undergoing hypospadias repair surgery: A prospective cohort study
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rong Luo, YunXia Zuo, Hai Bei Liu, Yan Pan Source Type: research

A quality improvement project to reduce post ‐operative adverse respiratory events and increase safety in the post‐anesthesia care unit of a pediatric institution
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Wenyan Xu, Yue Huang, Jie Bai, Anna M. Varughese Source Type: research

Use of antifibrinolytics in pediatric cardiac surgery: where are we now?
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 26, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David Faraoni, Cornelius Rahe, Karen A. Cybulski Source Type: research

Integrating intraoperative physiology data into outcomes analysis for the ACS Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 22, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Matthias G örges, Kourosh Afshar, Nicholas West, Shanshan Pi, Julie Bedford, Simon D Whyte Source Type: research

Lumbosacral and thoracolumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume changes in neonates, infants, children, and adolescents: a retrospective magnetic resonance imaging study
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 22, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Young ‐Eun Jang, Joon‐Hee Lee, Yun‐Seok Seo, Hee‐Chul Yoon, Hyun‐Sung Lee, Hyun‐Jeong Lee, Hyung‐Dong Jo, Ji‐Hyun Lee, Jin‐Tae Kim Source Type: research

A comparison of midazolam and zolpidem as oral premedication in children, a prospective randomized double ‐blinded clinical trial
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 17, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Amgad H. Hanna, Davinder Ramsingh, Whitney Sullivan ‐Lewis, Sarah Cano, Patrick Leiter, Desiree Wallace, Gerald Andrews, Briahnna Austin, Richard L. Applegate Source Type: research

Propofol pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile and its electroencephalographic interaction with remifentanil in children
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 11, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ricardo Fuentes, Luis Ignacio Cort ínez, Víctor Contreras, Mauricio Ibacache, Brian J. Anderson Source Type: research

Negligible impact of birth on renal function and drug metabolism
Pediatric Anesthesia, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Brian J. Anderson, Nick H.G. Holford Source Type: research

Inside Cover
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page ii-ii, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Luis Ignacio Cort ínez, Brian J. Anderson Source Type: research

Cover Image
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page i-i, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Will Kurtz, Stefan Scholz, Mihaela Visoiu Source Type: research

Issue Information
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page iii-v, 827 ‐828, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Correcting for repeated outcome measures
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page 935-935, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas M. Austin, Erin V. Rosenberg, Humphrey Lam Source Type: research

Ultrasound ‐guided serratus anterior plane block for effective pain control after resection of large chest wall vascular malformation in a child with Phosphatase and Tensin (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndrome
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page 931-933, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Will Kurtz, Stefan Scholz, Mihaela Visoiu Source Type: research

Reply to Galante, Dario, regarding their comment ‘Tracheobronchial angles in children: Can it change during anesthesia?’
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page 930-930, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tariq Wani, Joseph Tobias Source Type: research

Can population cohort studies assess the long ‐term impact of anesthesia in children?
Pediatric Anesthesia,Volume 28, Issue 10, Page 930-931, October 2018. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 10, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Susanna Ritchie ‐McLean, Sally Wilmshurst Source Type: research