Wearable Woes; Mini-Pacer for Mice; Infective Endocarditis Test

(MedPage Today) -- Recent developments of interest in cardiovascular medicine
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

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In this study we explored the biological role of the capsule ofE. faecium. Our findings showed that the U0317 strain is not only sensitive to anti-LTA but also to antibodies against other enterococcal surface proteins. Our findings demonstrate that polysaccharides capsule mediated-resistance to opsonophagocytosis. We also found that the capsular polysaccharides do not play an important role in bacterial virulence in urinary tract and infective endocarditisin vivo models.
Source: Glycoconjugate Journal - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewInfective endocarditis (IE) is a significant risk and complication in patients with a history of intravenous (IV) drug use (DU), and treatments are becoming more invasive as infections become more serious. IV drug use is an extremely addictive behavior and challenging behavior to address, and patients are at high risk of relapse to IV drug use even after successful IE treatment. Addressing the underlying cause with behavioral modification is essential to prevent behavior and subsequent infection recurrence. Treatments depend on a multidisciplinary approach to address the physiologic and underlying ...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Little is known about the subsequent risk of stroke and recurrence of IE for patients surviving infective endocarditis (IE) with a residual vegetation at discharge.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Communication to the Editor: case report Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke is one of the most common complications of infective endocarditis (IE). IE must be considered as one of the causes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO), but early diagnosis of IE is difficult. AIS with ELVO must be treated using endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), with or without intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). IVT for AIS due to IE is not well established and remains controversial because of the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. A 42-year-old man suffered from right hemiparesis and disorientation, and AIS with ELVO was diagnosed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) is rare in children. Limited data have been reported on long-term outcomes of children who undergo surgery for IE.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundContemporary data on mitral valve (MV) surgery in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) are limited.MethodsThe National Inpatient Sample was queried to identify patients with IE who underwent MV surgery between 2003 and 2016. We assessed (a) temporal trends in the incidence of MV surgery for IE, (b) morbidity, mortality, and cost of MV repair vs replacement, and (c) predictors of in ‐hospital mortality.ResultsThe proportion of MV operations involving patients with IE increased from 5.4% in 2003 to 7.3%, and the proportion of MV repair among those undergoing surgery for IE increased from 15.2% to 25.0% (Ptrend 
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by gram-negative bacilli is rare. However, the incidence of this severe infection is rising because of the increasing number of persons at risk, such as patients with immunos...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A 36-year-old woman with resistant tricuspid valve endocarditis was successfully treated with linezolid in combination with daptomycin. PMID: 31201773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Am J Health Syst Pharm Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfective endocarditis in patients with CHD is an ongoing clinical challenge. In contemporary practice in tertiary congenital centres, 1/15 patients do not survive to hospital discharge. Streptococci remain the most common causative organism, and antecedent dental or medical procedures were undertaken in a significant minority in the three months before diagnosis. The presence of an atrioventricular septal defect or staphylococcal infection is associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Endocarditis | Heart | Infective Endocarditis