The emerging role of lncRNAs in the regulation of cancer stem cells

ConclusionslncRNAs are valuable tools in the search for new targets to selectively eliminate CSCs and improve clinical outcomes. LncRNAs may serve as excellent therapeutic targets because they are stable, easily detectable and expressed in tissue-specific contexts.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Rui Yan, JianJian Li, Ying Zhou, Li Yao, Ruya Sun, Ying Xu, Yang Ge, Guangyu AnAbstractImmunotherapy is one of the most promising strategies for cancer, compared with traditional treatments. As one of the key emerging immunotherapies, anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment has brought survival benefits to many advanced cancer patients. However, in pancreatic cancer, immunotherapy-based approaches have not achieved a favorable clinical effect because of mismatch repair deficiencies. Therefore, the majority of pancreatic tumors are regarded as immune-quies...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Nuclear DNA damage is considered a contributing cause of aging, though at this stage the research community is still proposing and debating processes by which this damage might cause metabolic dysfunction throughout the body. Mutations to nuclear DNA evidently increase cancer risk, but setting this aside, how does random damage to random cells contribute to the declines of age? There are a few possibilities; firstly that the vast majority of nuclear DNA damage, occurring as it does in somatic cells, or in unusued portions of the genome, is irrelevant. Harms are done when mutations affecting function occur in stem ce...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
In this study, we show evidence that Ku80 physically interacted with SALL4. The interaction competitively disrupts the SALL4-OCT4 complex and result in OCT4 lysosomal degradation. Finally, Ku80 inhibits self-renewal and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells through breaking the SALL4-OCT4 interactions and down-regulating the expression of OCT4. Our study reveal novel function of Ku80 in stemness maintaining of cancer stem cells via its interaction with SALL4 and highlight the double-sidedness of Ku80 as an anti-cancer target. PMID: 31816404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biochem Cell Biol Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify aberrant DMGs and pathways by comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. The gene expression profile of GSE28094 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and the GEO2R online tool was used to find DMGs. Gene Ontology (GO) functional analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis of the DMGs were performed by using the Database for Annotation Visualization and Integrated Discovery. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes. Analysis of modules in the PPI networks was per...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, T2D impairs vascular function by dysregulated autophagy. Therefore, autophagy could be a potential target for overcoming diabetic microvascular complications. To What Degree Does Loss of Skeletal Muscle with Age Contribute to Immunosenescence? https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/to-what-degree-does-loss-of-skeletal-muscle-with-age-contribute-to-immunosenescence/ Sarcopenia, the progressive loss of muscle mass and strength, is characteristic of aging. A perhaps surprisingly large fraction of the losses can be averted by strength training, but there are nonetheless inexorable process...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
We report that Werner syndrome (WS) is associated with a significant mitochondrial dysfunction, mainly manifested as defective mitophagy. This is reflected in lower NAD+ levels across species from worms to humans. NAD+ supplementation improves mitochondrial function and other age-related metabolic outcomes. Mitochondrial disease can manifest itself in multiple clinical outcomes amongst which neurodegeneration and impaired metabolism are common. Some features of WS may be explained by genomic instability due to mutation in the gene encoding the Werner protein (WRN), an important DNA helicase/exonuclease involved in DNA repa...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Wenge Li, Karina Peregrina, Michele Houston, Leonard H. AugenlichtAbstractSporadic colon cancer accounts for ∼80% of CRC, with high incidence in western societies strongly linked to dietary patterns. The only mouse model for sporadic CRC results from feeding mice a purified rodent western-style diet (NWD1), establishing mouse intake of several common nutrients that mimic for each its level consumed in western populations at higher risk for colon cancer (higher fat, lower vitamin D3, calcium, me...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Today's open access research is an assessment of DNA damage accumulation in a variety of species, showing the pace of mutational damage correlates with species life span, at least as assessed here in immune cells from blood samples, and using a marker that identifies the response to short telomeres as well as forms of DNA damage. The DNA of the cell nucleus, the genetic blueprint for near all of the proteins produced in a cell, accumulates damage over time due to the normal haphazard chemical reactions that take place constantly inside cells. These mutational changes are largely irrelevant to cellular operation, but some c...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Gastroschisis Repair | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells