Mushrooms of the Far East hold promise for the anti-cancer therapy

Mushrooms from the Far East area contain the natural chemical compounds, which could be used for the design of the novel drugs with highly specific anti-tumor activities and low-toxicity. These compounds may offer new avenues for oncology, providing us with either stand-alone alternatives to chemotherapy, chemopreventive medicines, or drugs to be used in combination with other therapies.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

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Each year, nearly 300,000 patients receive the lifesaving chemotherapy 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to treat many types of cancer, including colorectal, breast, bowel, skin, pancreatic, and esophageal cancer. While it can be an effective treatment, it doesn?t work for everyone. In fact, up to 30 percent of those who receive the standard dose can have serious, life-threatening [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Mariano Licciardi, Cinzia Scialabba, Roberto Puleio, Giovanni Cassata, Luca Cicero, Gennara Cavallaro, Gaetano GiammonaAbstractHuman colon cancer is one of the higher aggressive solid tumors, whose high mortality, much like many other solid tumors, results from metastasis formation. To reduce this high mortality, more effective chemotherapy, allowing a specific tumor accumulation and an efficient early-stage medical imaging as well, are still needed. At this regard, stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for anticancer drug ...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In summary, we constructed a lipid-poly-(hypoxic radiosensitized polyprodrug) nanoparticles for enhancing the RT sensitivity of gliomas and achieving the combination of radiation and chemotherapy for gliomas.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: The comprehensive advantage of high drug loading, redox-controlled drug release and targeted tumor accumulation suggests uPA-PTXD NPs as a highly promising strategy for effective TNBC treatment.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: This work not only significantly broadens the biomedical applications of 2D Nb2C MXene for enhanced cancer therapy, but also provides an efficient strategy for surface engineering of 2D MXenes to satisfy versatile application requirements.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that this novel nanoplatform for targeted image-guided treatment of tumor and tactfully integrated chemotherapy, photothermal therapy (PTT) and gene therapy might provide an insight for cancer theranostics.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides mechanistic insights into the anticancer effect of WEGA through the regulation of macrophage polarization and highlights that WEGA could be a novel option for integrative cancer therapies.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on CancerAuthor(s): Tatiana Mishchenko, Elena Mitroshina, Irina Balalaeva, Olga Krysko, Maria Vedunova, Dmitri V. KryskoAbstractIn the last decade, it has become clear that anti-cancer therapy is more successful when it can also induce an immunogenic form of cancer cell death (ICD). ICD is an umbrella term covering several cell death modalities, including apoptosis and necroptosis. In general, ICD is characterized by the emission of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and/or cytokines/chemokines, leading to the ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Reviews on Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractSome randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have tested the efficacy of beta-blockers as prophylactic agents on cancer therapy-induced cardiotoxicity; however, the quality of this evidence remains undetermined. This systematic review and meta-analysis study aims to evaluate the prophylactic effects of beta-blockers, especially carvedilol, on chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity. RCTs were identified by searching the MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase (OvidSP), Cochrane CENTRAL (OvidSP), etc., until December 2017. Inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trial and adult cancer patients started beta-blockers before chemotherapy...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: NAC use for BC at these South African hospitals was associated with both tumor characteristics and heterogenous resource constraints. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Using data from a large breast cancer cohort treated in South Africa's public healthcare system, the authors looked at determinants of neoadjuvant chemotherapy use and time to initiate treatment. It was found that neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with increasing tumor burden and aggressive molecular subtypes, demonstrating clinically appropriate care in a lower resource setting. Results of this study also showed that time to treatment differ...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
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