Mushrooms of the Far East hold promise for the anti-cancer therapy

Mushrooms from the Far East area contain the natural chemical compounds, which could be used for the design of the novel drugs with highly specific anti-tumor activities and low-toxicity. These compounds may offer new avenues for oncology, providing us with either stand-alone alternatives to chemotherapy, chemopreventive medicines, or drugs to be used in combination with other therapies.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

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Authors: Gallicchio R, Mastrangelo PA, Nardelli A, Mainenti PP, Colasurdo AP, Landriscina M, Guglielmi G, Storto G Abstract Radium-223 dichloride (223Ra) is the first, recently approved, α-particle-emitting radiopharmaceutical for the treatment of patients with bone metastases in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and no evidence of visceral metastases. We explored MEDLINE, relevant congresses, and websites for data on 223Ra and prostate cancer therapies, focusing on therapeutic strategies and timing, bone metastases, and diagnostic assessment. 223Ra represents the only bone-targeting agent that has ...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
AbstractThe tumor microenvironment (TME) has drawn considerable research attention as an alternative target for nanomedicine-based cancer therapy. Various nanomaterials that carry active substances have been designed to alter the features or composition of the TME and thereby improve the delivery and efficacy of anticancer chemotherapeutics. These alterations include disruption of the extracellular matrix and tumor vascular systems to promote perfusion or modulate hypoxia. Nanomaterials have also been used to modulate the immunological microenvironment of tumors. In this context, nanomaterials have been shown to alter popu...
Source: The AAPS Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer management is a worldwide challenge. In addition to effective cancer therapies like chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, treatment based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and combined TCM with western medicine has gradually gained attention in Oriental countries. One potential TCM approach using extracted fatty oils, containing fatty acids which are important active ingredients with a variety of pharmacological activities, makes significant contributions to cancer treatment. The strategies of treating cancer with the fatty oils of TCM were classified into "Fuzheng", which usually a...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Abstract Emergence of novel treatment modalities provides effective therapeutic options, apart from conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, to fight against colorectal cancer. Unfortunately, drug resistance remains a huge challenge in clinics, leading to invariable occurrence of disease progression after treatment initiation. While novel drug development is unfavorable in terms of time frame and costs, drug repurposing is one of the promising strategies to combat resistance. This approach refers to the application of clinically available drugs to treat a different disease. With the well-established safety profile and...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 August 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 180Author(s): Huang Zhu, Jiuhong Deng, Yuanyi Yang, Yunfei Li, Jiacheng Shi, Jiankui Zhao, Yi Deng, Xianchun Chen, Weizhong YangAbstractCobalt nanowires (CoNWs) simultaneously possessing advantages in photothermal effect, targeting drug delivery and photoacoustic imaging property are hopefully promising strategies to further improve the treatment efficiency and reduce the side effects of cancer chemotherapy. Herein, a unique cobalt-based structure decorated with graphene oxide (GO) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) is fabricated through a fac...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In conclusion, pH/NIR dual-triggered drug delivery system based BP NSs would be a prospective strategy in the chemo-photothermal medical fields through our preliminary assessments.Graphical abstract
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ösch S Abstract The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) is involved in the regulation of physiological processes such as cellular growth and proliferation, but also in pathophysiological processes such as tumor development. The role of GPER1 in breast cancer is contradictory. Therefore, we investigated the influence of GPER1 overexpression on cellular processes in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. GPER1 overexpression leads to a cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, induction of autophagy and reduced proliferation. Reduced proliferation was accompanied by a reduced basal respiration and reduced glycolysis rat...
Source: The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biochem Cell Biol Source Type: research
ns LF Abstract PIM-1 is a kinase which has been related to the oncogenic processes like cell survival, proliferation and multidrug resistance (MDR). This kinase is known for its ability to phosphorylate the main extrusion pump (ABCB1) related to the MDR phenotype. In the present work, we testes a new mechanistic insight on the AZD1208 (PIM-1 specific inhibitor) under interaction with chemotherapy agents such as Daunorubicin (DNR) and Vincristine (VCR). In order to verify a potential cytotoxic effect based on pharmacological synergism, two MDR cell lines were used: Lucena resistant to VCR) and FEPS (resistant to DN...
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 115Author(s): Syedeh Elham Norollahi, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar, Shervin Ghadarjani, Kourosh Mojtahedi, Kaveh Gharaei Nejad, Hossein Hemmati, Faeze Gharibpoor, Roya Khaksar, Ali Akbar SamadaniAbstractCancer stem cells (CSCs) show a remarkable sub class of cancer cells population which have a potential to organize and regulate stemness properties which possess a main particular responsibility for uncontrolled growth in carcinogenesis, production of different cancers in differentiated situation and also resistancy to radiotherapy and ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Hanchun Yao, Suge Zhang, Xiaofang Guo, Ying Li, Jinjin Ren, Huijuan Zhou, Bin Du, Jie ZhouAbstractTumor hypoxia impedes the efficiencies of oxygen-dependent photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapy. Herein, we design a traceable nanoplatform (DOX/Met/BSA-HA-CDs) by reducing oxygen (O2) consumption to overcome the hypoxia-caused cancer therapy. Carbon dots (CDs) are used not only as a PDT agent but also applied for in vivo traceable imaging. Metformin (Met), a potent antihyperglycaemic agent, to improve tumor...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
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