Effects of multi and selective targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors on function and signaling of different bladder cancer cells

ConclusionRTK and EMT related transcript analysis separate bladder cancer cells in two clusters. Functional responses towards TKI258 and BGJ398 treatment of bladder Fcancer cells were heterogeneous with deviating effects on signaling and possibly different therapeutic outcome.Graphical abstract
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Self-renewing somatic tissues rely on the proper regulation of epigenetic information through the precise control of gene enhancer and transcriptional networks in order to establish and maintain cell fate and identity. Disruption of these pathways critical for differentiation can lead to a loss of proliferative control, ultimately driving carcinogenesis. In line with this, the genes encoding the chromatin modifiers and master enhancer regulators MLL3 (KMT2C) and MLL4 (KMT2D) are amongst the most frequently mutated genes in all of human cancer, with a particularly high prevalence in self-renewing somatic epithelial tissues ...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidermal Structure and Barrier Function Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Case Western Reserve University IACUC committee. The protocol was approved by the Case Western Reserve University IACUC committee. Author Contributions LRD and DW helped design research studies, analyze data and write the manuscript. ZL, RL, and ND conducted experiments, acquired and analyzed data, and assisted with manuscript preparation. LDM conducted experiments and analyzed data. FC assisted with research design. Funding This work was supported by the NIH P30CA043703, K1CA113838, and R01DK081395. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors de...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Junhui Zhang1,2†, Lingfei Li1,2†, Qiong Zhang1,2, Xu Yang3, Can Zhang4, Xingyue Zhang1,2, Dongxia Zhang1,2, Yanling Lv1,2, Huapei Song1,2, Bing Chen5, Yao Liu6, Jiongyu Hu2,5*† and Yuesheng Huang1,2*† 1Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 2State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, The 983 Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese Peopl...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Xiaohui Xu, Congmin Ma, Zhihui Duan, Yanjiao Du and Chao Liu* Department of Neurology, Luoyang Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Luoyang, China Oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) can induce injury of endothelial cells, causing atherosclerosis, which is an important initial event in several cardiovascular diseases. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as regulators of diverse biological processes, but their specific biological functions and biochemical mechanisms in ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury have not been well investigated. Here, we describe the initial functional an...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, genes that display a correlation between DNA methylation and their expression in specific tissues are responsible for significant changes in not only in developmental stages but also in adult tissues. We made this finding by using tissues that are not in developmental stages, but have developed in adults. This can either represent a change that occurs at the developmental stage, or it can be the result of epigenetic changes. This study presents a methodology that can be used by other researchers using omics data combined with different types of NGS data, and provides them with the opportunity to ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this review, we summarize the mechanisms by which curcumin may affect EMT in cells under pathological conditions to understand its potential as a novel anti-tumor agent. Curcumin can exert chemo-preventive effects by inhibition and reversal of the EMT process through both TGF- β-dependent (e.g. in hepatoma and retinal pigment epithelial cancer) and -independent (e.g. in oral cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, breast cancer, melanoma, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, thyroid cancer and lung cancer) pathways. Curcumin can also mitigate chemoresistance through EMT suppre...
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Alexandra Mills†, Elizabeth Bearce†, Rachael Cella, Seung Woo Kim, Megan Selig, Sangmook Lee and Laura Anne Lowery* Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, United States Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome (WHS) is a human developmental disorder arising from a hemizygous perturbation, typically a microdeletion, on the short arm of chromosome four. In addition to pronounced intellectual disability, seizures, and delayed growth, WHS presents with a characteristic facial dysmorphism and varying prevalence of microcephaly, micrognathia, cartilage malformation in the ear and nose, and facial asymmetr...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Xiaoli Liu1, Qingfeng Fu1, Shijie Li1, Nan Liang1, Fang Li1, Changlin Li1, Chengqiu Sui1, Gianlorenzo Dionigi2 and Hui Sun1* 1Division of Thyroid Surgery, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China 2Division for Endocrine and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood “G. Barresi”, University Hospital “G. Martino”, University of Messina, Messina, Italy Long non-coding RNA FOXD2 Adjacent Opposite Strand RNA 1 (FOXD2-AS1) has been widely reported to be implicat...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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