Socio-demographic Moderators of Associations Between Psychological Factors and Latinas ’ Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors

This study tested whether socio-demographic factors moderated associations between psychological factors and Latinas ’ breast cancer screening behaviors. 222 churchgoing Latinas (40–65 years) in San Diego, CA completed surveys assessing socio-demographics (e.g., income and acculturation), psychological factors (e.g., perceived barriers to screening), and cancer screening behaviors. Multilevel models examined associations of socio-demographic and psychological factors (and their interactions) with adherence to annual mammography or clinical breast exam (CBE) screening. Although no main effects were found, there were moderation effects. Acculturation moderated associations between perceived barriers to sc reening and both screening outcomes, with inverse associations only among the high-acculturation group. Education moderated the relationship between perceived barriers to screening and CBE screening, with an inverse association only among the low-education group. Marital status moderated the relatio nship between depressive symptoms and CBE screening, with an inverse association only among single/non-partnered participants. Interventions are needed targeting psychological barriers to breast cancer screening among Latinas.
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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This study has implications for cancer risk communication and will offer evidence on the potential of generalizable educational strategies for delivering information on breast density to Latinas in limited-resource settings.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT02910986. Registered on 21 September 2016.Items from the WHO Trial Registration Data Set can be found in this protocol.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
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