Opioid dependence in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: More likely to occur before than after surgery

(Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group) Researchers investigated risk factors for the development of opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). They found that, overall, patients were more likely to have a dependency on opioid medications before surgery than afterward.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Controversies in Spine Surgery Source Type: research
To compare standalone oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) vs. OLIF combined with posterior bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (OLIF combined) for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Mini-open anterolateral interbody fusion at the L5 S1 level is safe and results in fusion at the same rate as anterior interbody fusion. Most acute complications are minor and resolve spontaneously. PMID: 32197973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurochirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: When clinical and surgical heterogeneity were minimized, elderly patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion not only had comparable rates of perioperative complications but also experienced similar improvements in pain, function, and quality of life. A high rate of satisfaction was achieved. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study. PMID: 32197034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
This study sought to determine the impact of time to surgery on clinical outcomes in patients with spondylolisthesis in the workers' compensation (WC) population. There is conflicting evidence regarding the effect of time to surgery on patients with spondylolisthesis. Patients receiving WC are known to have worse outcomes following spine surgery compared with the general population. A total of 791 patients from the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation were identified who underwent lumbar fusion for spondylolisthesis between 1993 and 2013. The patients were divided into those who had surgery within 2 years of injury date an...
Source: Orthopedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2020Source: Interdisciplinary NeurosurgeryAuthor(s): Hyeun Sung Kim, Pang Hung Wu, Il-Tae Jang
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
e A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive posterior segmental instrumentation and intra-articular fusion with the Facet Wedge device. INDICATIONS: All fusion indications in degenerative disc disease without significant translational instability, postnucleotomy syndrome, spondylarthrosis, discitis. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Translatory instabilities, status after decompression with partial facet joint resection, spondylolysis in the affected segment. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Through a 3 cm skin incision, blunt transmuscular approach to the corresponding facet joint L1/2 to L5/S1. Opening of the joint cap...
Source: Operative Orthopadie und Traumatologie - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Oper Orthop Traumatol Source Type: research
We examined patient-reported functional improvement (≥15-point reduction in the Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]) and minimal disability (reaching ≤22 on the ODI) 1 year after surgery in 17 hospitals and 58 surgeons between 2012 and 2017. Outcomes were risk-adjusted for patient characteristics with multiple logistic regressions and reliability-adjusted using hierarchical models. Results. Of the 737 patients who underwent lumbar fusion (mean [SD] age, 63 [12] years; 60% female; 84% had stenosis; 70% had spondylolisthesis), 58.7% achieved functional improvement and 42.5% reached minimal disability status at 1 year. A...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Surgical management for central and lateral recess thecal sac compression in the setting of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) has traditionally involved a posterior approach to decompression with associated fusion [1,2]. However, the posterior approach to lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) involves significant disruption of the posterior elements, entrance into the spinal canal, and nerve root retraction, which contribute to epidural scarring and perineural fibrosis that may be associated with delayed recovery and chronic radiculopathy [3,4].
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research
ConclusionsLow PI was identified as a risk factor for lumbar osteophyte formation and disc degeneration, both of which reduce physical QOL in middle-aged and elderly people.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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