WATCH: Nearly 70 percent of early breast cancer patients may not need chemotherapy: Study

The trial used a gene test done on tumors to help decide whether a woman would benefit from chemo or if they could receive hormone therapy.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: WNT Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: This article provides reliable estimates on the burden of Italian women with breast cancer who, once tested with multigene testing, could potentially have their treatment changed to hormone therapy only. PMID: 31088341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
ConclusionChemotherapy-related cognitive dysfunction remains under-recognized and undertreated. The various studies reported differing and non-homogenous findings with mixed results, obtained by self-reporting and web-assisted assessment, with other confounding factors such as age and depression during both cancer diagnosis and treatment. An objective neuropsychological assessment is fundamental to avoid underestimation of the extent of chemobrain. Self-reported and web-assisted assessment may ultimately result in confusion between the neuropsychological signs of chemobrain versus those of depression.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings indicate that TBI differentially affects the levels of sex-steroid hormones in men and women patients. Plasma levels of testosterone could be a good candidate blood marker to predict recovery from unconsciousness after sTBI for male patients. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide and is increasing in incidence (1). Patients with acute severe TBI (sTBI) often develop severe disorders of consciousness, i.e., coma, minimally conscious state or vegetative state. Although many patients may regain consciousness during the 1-month post-TBI p...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractA case of a woman in her 60s with breast cancer, whose leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) of breast cancer improved remarkably with letrozole monotherapy, is reported. The patient complained of numbness of her left hand and hoarseness, followed by progressive asymmetric extremity weakness and a bladder and rectal disturbance. The patient had undergone surgery for left breast cancer 18  years earlier and was concerned about recurrence of breast cancer, but there were no typical findings with some imaging modalities. The third lumbar puncture showed the malignant cytology of breast cancer, and the patient was diagno...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that senescent chondrocytes isolated from OA patients secrete more EVs compared with nonsenescent chondrocytes. These EVs inhibit cartilage ECM deposition by healthy chondrocytes and can induce a senescent state in nearby cells. We profiled the miR and protein content of EVs isolated from the synovial fluid of OA joints from mice with SnCs. After treatment with a molecule to remove SnCs, termed a senolytic, the composition of EV-associated miR and protein was markedly altered. The senolytic reduced OA development and enhanced chondrogenesis, and these were attributable to several specific differenti...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor and DDX5 Promote Carcinogenesis and Progression of Endometrial Cancer by Activating β-Catenin Chunhua Liu1†, Lijing Wang1†, Qingping Jiang2†, Junyi Zhang3†, Litong Zhu1, Li Lin1, Huiping Jiang1, Dan Lin1, Yanyi Xiao1, Weiyi Fang1,3 and Suiqun Guo1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Pathology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guang...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients are more likely to have an indolent course with low grade and estrogen receptor-positive tumors. For healthy older women, treatment according to standard guidelines including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation should be followed. However, for those who are unfit and cannot tolerate surgery, primary endocrine therapy is a suitable option.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsAccording to this large web –based survey including mainly breast cancer survivors, cognitive complaints were reported by three quarters of participants, which reinforces that cognitive difficulties are a major issue in cancer survivors. Chemotherapy, self–reported sleep difficulties and preexisting knowledge about chemoth erapy–associated cognitive problems were strongly associated with cancer–related cognitive complaints. Most cancer survivors wished to receive support and especially cognitive training.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Several patients with clinicopathologic features like hormone receptor positivity and HER2 negativity can avoid chemotherapy even with lymph node metastasis. Future studies with a long-term follow-up and a larger number of patients are required for validating our results. PMID: 30833157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Asian J Surg Source Type: research
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