Music therapy versus treatment as usual for refugees diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

DiscussionThe effect of music therapy can be explained by theories on affect regulation and social engagement, and the impact of music on brain regions affected by PTSD. The study will shed light on the role of therapy for the attainment of a safe attachment style, which recently has been shown to be impaired in traumatized refugees. The inclusion of music and imagery in the treatment of traumatized refugees hopefully will inform the choice of treatment method and expand the possibilities for improving refugee health and integration.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov ID number NCT03574228, registered retrospectively on 28 June 2016.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Sleep disorders are a common sequel of sports-related concussion. Sleep-wake dysfunction can vary among patients, independent of cause or severity of concussive injury. The pathogenesis of postconcussive sleep disorder is unclear, but may be related to imp...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
The objectives of this cross ‐sectional pilot study were threefold: to identify regions of cortical thickness that differentiate chronic migraine (CM) from controls, to assess group differences in interregional cortical thickness covariance, and to determine group differences in associations between clinical variables and cor tical thickness.BackgroundCortical thickness alterations in relation to clinical features have not been adequately explored in CM. Assessment of this relationship can be useful to describe cortical substrates for disease progression in migraine and to identify clinical variables that warrant managem...
Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Submission Source Type: research
The objectives of this cross-sectional pilot study were threefold: to identify regions of cortical thickness that differentiate chronic migraine (CM) from controls, to assess group differences in interregional cortical thickness covariance, and to determine group differences in associations between clinical variables and cortical thickness. BACKGROUND: Cortical thickness alterations in relation to clinical features have not been adequately explored in CM. Assessment of this relationship can be useful to describe cortical substrates for disease progression in migraine and to identify clinical variables that warrant man...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn implemented program geared towards reducing polypharmacy was shown to improve safety, quality of life and reduce hospitalizations from the burden of migraines. Our systematic approach resulted in quality of life improvements and decreased use of medical resources.Trial registrationAuthors received the approval of NAVMED West, Okinawa Naval Hospital Institutional Review Board on January 13th, 2016. QI.2016.0021.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract The studying of synaptic plasticity, the ability of synaptic connections between neurons to be weakened or strengthened and specifically long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD), is one of the most active areas of research in neuroscience. The process of synaptic connections playing a crucial role in improving cognitive processes is important to the processing of information in brain. In general, the dysfunction of synaptic plasticity was involved in a wide spectrum of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including some neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, synaptic plasticity which is ...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Conclusions:These data suggest sleep and pain are worst in Veterans with TBI and PTSD, and that sleep is similarly impaired in Veterans with PTSD despite not having as much pain. Thus, although this is a complex relationship, these data suggest PTSD may be driving sleep disturbances, and the added effect of TBI in the comorbid group may be driving pain in this population.Citation:Balba NM, Elliott JE, Weymann KB, Opel RA, Duke JW, Oken BS, Morasco BJ, Heinricher MM, Lim MM. Increased sleep disturbances and pain in Veterans with comorbid traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder.J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(11):1865–1878.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:Elevated REI and lower sleep period RSA were independently predictive of NM/DD. The former result is consistent with studies showing that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a factor in NM/DD, and that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can reduce these symptoms in patients with comorbid PTSD and SDB. The latter result implicates dysregulated arousal modulation during sleep in trauma-related NM/DD. It is consistent with findings that NM/DD are reported in patients without SDB and can persist in patients with comorbid PTSD and SDB even when CPAP successfully remediates SDB.Citation:Miller KE, Jamison AL,...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Know your triggers A major part of a successful recovery process is knowing what your triggers are. During the holidays, it can be a time that they present themselves more often than not. It can also be time when new triggers can arise that you didn’t realize you had before. It’s important to sit down and make a list of all the triggers that you think may pop up, and come up with a plan for each of them. This will give you better confidence for handling the situation when it pops up, and you will be able to move past it successfully with your newly-honed coping skills. Common holiday triggers Traveling Pressur...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Uncategorized addiction alcohol family family therapy holidays PTSD relationships triggers Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTraumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can result from similar injuries and can result in similar symptoms, such as problems with sleep, concentration, memory, and mood. Although PTSD and persistent sequelae due to a TBI (PST) have generally been viewed as pragmatically confounded but conceptually separable entities, we examine emerging evidence emphasizing the breadth of overlap in both clinical presentation and underlying pathophysiology between PST and PTSD.Recent FindingsNew evidence underscores the poor specificity of symptoms to etiology and emphasizes the pote...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study evaluated whether a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) was associated with increased risk for recent suicidal ideation (SI) after accounting for demographics, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep quality. In terms of ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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