Music therapy versus treatment as usual for refugees diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

DiscussionThe effect of music therapy can be explained by theories on affect regulation and social engagement, and the impact of music on brain regions affected by PTSD. The study will shed light on the role of therapy for the attainment of a safe attachment style, which recently has been shown to be impaired in traumatized refugees. The inclusion of music and imagery in the treatment of traumatized refugees hopefully will inform the choice of treatment method and expand the possibilities for improving refugee health and integration.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov ID number NCT03574228, registered retrospectively on 28 June 2016.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewComorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and insomnia, nightmares, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is high. We review recent research on psychotherapeutic and pharmacological interventions for sleep disorders in PTSD.Recent FindingsPTSD treatments decrease PTSD severity and nightmare frequency, but do not resolve OSA or insomnia. Research on whether insomnia hinders PTSD treatment shows mixed results; untreated OSA does interfere with PTSD treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment for insomnia; however, optimal ordering with PTSD treatment is unc...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), characterized by cessation of breathing during sleep due to collapse of the upper airway, often interrupts sleep and results in cortical arousal or awakenings, after which normal breathing resumes. This cortical arousal component of OSA underpins the long-established association of OSA with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)1. Confirmation of this association was recently (2017) provided by a meta-analysis which denoted a 76% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 44% — 93%) prevalence of OSA among PTSD afflicted military veterans when, during overnight sleep studies, the apnea-hyp...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction:Nightmare disorder affects approximately 4% of adults, occurring in isolation or as part of other disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and can significantly impair quality of life. This paper provides the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) position regarding various treatments of nightmare disorder in adults.Methods:A literature search was performed based upon the keywords and MeSH terms from the Best Practice Guide for the Treatment of Nightmare Disorder in Adults that was published in 2010 by the AASM. The search used the date range March 2009 to August of 2017, and sought to find a...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
To explore how pain and psychological distress influence the sleep quality of patients with painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PPTN).
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Oral Medicine Source Type: research
Have you ever heard of the term biofeedback, or read it somewhere and wondered what it actually was? Biofeedback is a technique that involves using visual or auditory feedback to gain control over our involuntary bodily functions, or functions we don’t even think about consciously on a daily basis. This may include gaining voluntary control over such things as heart rate, muscle tension, blood flow, pain perception and blood pressure. The ultimate goal is to help you improve your well-being and quality of life. During a biofeedback session, electrodes are attached to your skin, and therefore they are non-invasive. Fi...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Mental Health and Wellness Stress Treatment Biofeedback stress reduction Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: mTBI is strongly associated with pain intensity and pain interference in this sample. However, the effect appears to be mediated by other common mTBI comorbidities: PTSD, depression, anxiety and sleep disturbance. PMID: 29883191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Addressing sleep difficulties after acute coronary syndrome may help prevent adverse psychological outcomes like PTSD.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Abstract Post-traumatic epilepsy is the architype of acquired epilepsies, wherein a brain insult initiates an epileptogenic process culminating in an unprovoked seizure after weeks, months or years. Identifying biomarkers of such process is a prerequisite for developing and implementing targeted therapies aimed at preventing the development of epilepsy. Currently, there are no validated electrophysiological biomarkers of post-traumatic epileptogenesis. Experimental EEG studies using the lateral fluid percussion injury model have identified three candidate biomarkers of post-traumatic epileptogenesis: pathological ...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within an Army National Guard sample (N = 438). Materials and Methods: This manuscript is part of a larger study approved through the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center Institutional Review Board. Mailed surveys were sent to Minnesota Army National Guard soldiers collecting data on sleep hygiene behaviors, mental health symptoms (post-traumatic stress disorder and depression), and alcohol use. Predictors of sleep problems were evaluated with ordinary least squares multiple linear regre...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conditions:   PTSD;   Sleep Disorder Intervention:   Other: Polysomnography Sponsors:   Mental Health Services in the Capital Region, Denmark;   Danish Center for Sleep Medicine Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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