“No Time to Waste” in Ending FGM

FGM is a taboo and complicated topic in Liberia and it is dangerous for women to speak out about it. Credit: Travis Lupick / IPSBy Will Higginbotham and Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Feb 7 2018 (IPS)More than 200 million women around the world have experienced some kind of female genital mutilation (FGM) and more could be at risk, a UN agency said. Though the practice has declined in prevalence globally, alarming new figures from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) predict that any progress could be off-set as a further 68 million girls face the risk of FGM by 2030.The statistics from the UN were unveiled today as the world marks the 15th International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).“The new figures mean that this practice is threatening the life and wellbeing of more girls and women than initially estimated,” the Coordinator of the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Program on FGM, Nafissatou Diop, told IPS.“You and I and everybody and the girl next door can be affected,” she continued.FGM – sometimes called female circumcision or being ‘cut’ — is often practiced for religious, personal, cultural, and coming of age purposes. According to the UN, most cases are inflicted upon girls from infancy to the age of 15.The increase in ‘at risk of FGM’ cases is partly due to population growth in countries where FGM is common – namely in parts of northern and western Africa, the Middle East and p...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Crime & Justice Education Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Headlines Health Human Rights Inequity Religion TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Source Type: news

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Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation treatment that involves the induction of electrical currents in a targeted region of the brain with the ability to impact various functional processes (Chervyakov  et al., 2015). rTMS has shown to provide clinical improvement among a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders and has been FDA-approved for treatment resistant depression (TRD). rTMS continues to undergo trials for other treatment indications including post-traumatic stress disorder (PT SD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), bipolar depression, schizophren...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Ateka A. Contractor, Talya Greene, Megan Dolan, Jon D. ElhaiAbstractCo-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression following traumatic experiences are cumulatively associated with functional impairment. To examine mechanisms for the PTSD-depression comorbidity, we investigated their cluster-level associations. Using data obtained from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk platform, 368 trauma-exposed participants were split into two subsamples: those with (n = 163) and without (n = 185) pro...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and PTSD symptoms, and the mediating effects of anxiety and depression in Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 585 V/ADM recruited from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and PTSD symptoms. Demographics, military characteristics, and social factors were assessed, along with measurement of religiosity, PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined the religiosity –PTSD relationship and the mediating effects of anxiety/depressi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
For decades, Tim Lennon repressed memories of the childhood abuse he says he suffered at the hands of a priest. It wasn’t until 1995, when Lennon was in his late 40s and living in San Francisco, that he stumbled across information about clergy sexual abuse and felt decades-old memories come flooding back. “I said, ‘Oh my god, that happened to me,'” Lennon remembers. But even that moment, he says, didn’t prepare him for the memories that resurfaced in 2010 — an avalanche that he believes was triggered by his twin daughters turning 12, the age around which he says he was raped by a priest....
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology onetime Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To quantify psychological morbidity and identify baseline factors associated with depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress symptoms up to 12  months post-injury. METHODS: Multicentre cohort study of 668 adults, aged 16 to 70, adm...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Sexual violence may have a negative psychological impact on the victim. Some survivors will in time recover whilst others will go on to develop PTSD or suffer long term psychological sequelae, such as depression and anxiety. The Kent SARC, in conjunction w...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Carol L. Hodgson, Kimberley J. Haines, Michael Bailey, Jonathan Barrett, Rinaldo Bellomo, Tracey Bucknall, Belinda J. Gabbe, Alisa M. Higgins, Theodore J. Iwashyna, Julian Hunt-Smith, Lynne J. Murray, Paul S. Myles, Jennie Ponsford, David Pilcher, Andrew A. Udy, Craig Walker, Meredith Young, D.J. (Jamie) Cooper, ICU-Recovery InvestigatorsAbstractPurposeTo determine predictors of inability to return to work due to health six-months after intensive care admission; and compare functional recovery between patients who had not returned t...
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMental health problems are prevalent with high comorbidity and are associated with sleep-related problems among adolescent survivors, even years after the occurrence of a major earthquake. Nightmares and difficulty initiating sleep are independently associated with PTSD. Insufficient sleep is independently associated with anxiety and depression. Sleep-related problems may be effective targets of preventive interventions, which may need to be optimised for gender and age.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractBecause little is known about the mental health status of Syrian refugees in the United States, we conducted a survey among a convenience sample of those resettled in Atlanta between March 2011 and 2017. Though home visits, we delivered a questionnaire including standardized instruments (HSCL25 and PTSD-8) to assess symptoms of anxiety, depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. We found high rates of anxiety (60%), depression (44%) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (84%) symptoms; however, only 20% of participants had seen a mental health professional. Reported reasons for not seeking professional help were lac...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Depression and Anxiety, EarlyView.
Source: Depression and Anxiety - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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