Identifying mothers’ intention to place infant in supine sleep position: a population-based study

This study aimed to identify mother's opinion on infant sleep position and the factors associated with the intention to place the infant in the supine position in the municipality of Rio Grande, Southern Brazil. A standardized questionnaire was applied to all mothers residing in this municipality who gave birth to a child in the only two local maternity wards from January 1 to December 31, 2010. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions, along with a Poisson regression with robust adjustment in the multivariate analysis. The effect measure used was prevalence ratio (PR). Of the 2,395 mothers interviewed (972% of the total), 20.5% (95%CI: 18.4%-21.6%) intended to place the newborn to sleep in the supine position. This prevalence varied from 11% (95%CI: 8.1-13.7) for mothers with three or more children to 35% (CI95%: 31.1-40.2) among those with 12 or more years of schooling. After adjusted analysis, younger mothers with higher education and household income who performed prenatal care in the private system or who have had three or more children had significantly higher PR to place the baby to sleep in the supine position compared to others. Campaigns encouraging this practice should focus primarily on older mothers of lower socioeconomic level and performing prenatal care in PHC facilities.
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Robert C. Whitaker, Allison N. Herman, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Kenneth Hubbell, Ryan Huff, Liam J. Heneghan, Peter C. RoweAbstractAlthough mindfulness-based interventions may be effective in addressing the common symptom of fatigue, no population-based studies have examined the relationship between mindfulness and fatigue. We determined whether higher levels of dispositional mindfulness were associated with lower levels of fatigue. Cross-sectional data were obtained through the Pennsylvania Head Start Staff Wellness Survey, a 2012 web-base...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Science tells us that a lot of good things happen in our brains while we sleep – learning and memories are consolidated and waste is removed, among other things. New research shows for the first time that important immune cells called microglia – which play an important role in reorganizing the connections between nerve cells, fighting infections, and repairing damage – are also primarily active while we sleep.
Source: University of Rochester Medical Center Press Releases - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: news
Orexins [orexin-A (OXA) and orexin-B (OXB)] are two isoforms of neuropeptides produced by the hypothalamus. The main biological actions of orexins, focused on the central nervous system, are to control the sleep/wake process, appetite and feeding, energy homeostasis, drug addiction, and cognitive processes. These effects are mediated by two G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes named OX1R and OX2R. In accordance with the synergic and dynamic relationship between the nervous and immune systems, orexins also have neuroprotective and immuno-regulatory (i.e., anti-inflammatory) properties. The present review gathers recen...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsNon-motor symptoms are independent of motor features and likely belong to the clinical spectrum of blepharospasm. The presence of non-motor symptoms possibly reflects a complex network disorder of blepharospasm.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe oldest old, described as those aged 85 and older, is a growing cancer population. There are limited studies evaluating the symptoms of the oldest old cancer patient population. Our study aimed to evaluate symptom frequency and clinical symptom change as assessed by the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) of the oldest old ( ≥ 85) compared to older adult (65–84) and general adult (18–64) outpatient cancer patients on initial consult and follow-up visit.MethodsRetrospective review of a total of 441 patients, 200 randomly sampled patients in the general and older adult group and ...
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsShort-term exercises do not appear to convey benefits to quality of life and other psychosocial outcomes. Subgroup analysis showed that physical activity together with mental exercise may be more beneficial to lymphoma patients, but it needs more research to verify this finding. The interpretation of this result should be cautious due to the baseline difference, completion efficiency of intervention process, and high heterogeneity.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Condition:   Arthritis, Juvenile Intervention:   Behavioral: Sleep Manipulation Protocol Sponsors:   The Hospital for Sick Children;   Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati;   Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Down Syndrome;   Obstructive Sleep Apnea Interventions:   Behavioral: Family-informed intervention;   Behavioral: Standard Clinical Care Sponsors:   Children's Hospital of Philadelphia;   National Institutes of Health (NIH);   National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI);   Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati;   University of Pennsylvania Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ResMed is releasing a new nasal cradle CPAP mask that features a front-facing tube that points downward. The AirFit N30 mask is the first of its kind, as similar masks typically have the air tube connect on top of the head, which makes them uncomfort...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Medicine Source Type: blogs
HOW TO get rid of visceral fat: Having too much of this type of body fat can be dangerous to a person ’s health, increasing the risk of serious problems. So what can you do to reduce it? It’s important to get a certain amount of sleep each night.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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