San Diego's Hepatitis A Outbreak Spreads to Utah, Officials Say

SPANISH FORK, Utah (AP) — Thousands of people may have been exposed to hepatitis A in Utah amid a widening outbreak that originally spread from a large epidemic in San Diego, health officials said Wednesday. Infected workers may have exposed customers at two Salt Lake City area restaurants and a convenience store, authorities said. All three locations were linked to a Utah outbreak that began in August among Salt Lake City's homeless population and illicit drug users. Tests connected it to an outbreak in San Diego that killed 20 people and sickened hundreds more, said Salt Lake County Health Department spokesman Nicholas Rupp. It was the worst epidemic of its kind in the US in 20 years. California officials have said the San Diego epidemic has eased but is not over yet. Utah officials believe the disease spread as people moved between homeless centers in the two states, Rupp said. Utah has confirmed 152 cases so far and no deaths have been reported. Hepatitis A is an extremely contagious liver disease spread easily through contaminated food and water or sexual contact. Homeless people are especially vulnerable because they often don't have easy access to sanitation, Rupp said. Outbreaks in Arizona and Colorado have also been linked to San Diego, he said. People can also spread it long before they know they've been infected because it has a long incubation time of up to seven weeks. Anyone who might have been exposed is urged to contact health officials, and possibly get...
Source: JEMS Operations - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: News Operations Source Type: news

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Date: Thursday, 03 19, 2020; Speaker: Dr. Steve Weinman, Professor of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology&Hepatology, University of Kansas Medical Center; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center)
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
This article presents our clinical perspective on the utility of playf ulness for treating toddlers with ASD.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical perspectives Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Anthony T. Tan, Sophia SchreiberAbstractChronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major global concern due to its high prevalence and the increased probability of progressing toward cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While currently available therapies are effective in controlling HBV replication, they rarely achieve functional cure. Similarly, effective treatment options for HBV-related HCC (HBV-HCC) are limited and primarily applicable only for early stages of the disease. With the general success of chimeric anti...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Shu Shi, Mingchen Liu, Jingyuan Xi, Hui Liu, Guiwen Guan, Congle Shen, Zhengyang Guo, Ting Zhang, Qiang Xu, Dilidaer kudereti, Xiangmei Chen, Jie Wang, Fengmin LuAbstractHepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a health care crisis in the world, and a considerable number of chronic hepatitis B patients die of end-stage liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. A previous study has reported that sex-determining region Y box 4 (SOX4) promotes HBV replication by binding to the AACAAAG motif in the viral geno...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Authors: Wieland U, Oellig F, Kreuter A Abstract Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) and 89-100% of anal cancers are caused by persistent infections with high-risk (HR) human papillomaviruses (HPV). In HIV-positive patients, anal HPV infection and AIN are very common and these patients have a greatly increased risk of developing anal cancer. However, a continuous increase in the incidence of anal cancer has also been observed in the general population in recent decades. AIN can clinically present in diverse manners. In HIV-positive patients AIN can be hidden in condylomas. Furthermore, 3-14% of high-grad...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Elena Marasca, Samy Boulos, Laura NyströmAbstractFoods rich in cereal β-glucan are efficient dietary tools to help reduce serum cholesterol levels and hence the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, β-glucan undergoes various reactions during food processing, which alter its viscous properties and interactions with components of the gastrointestinal tract. It has been proposed in the literature that oxidation and partial hydrolysis increase β-glucan’s bile acid-binding activity, and therefore its effecti...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Aaron Ettenberg, Kathy Ayala, Jacob T. Krug, Lisette Collins, Matthew S. Mayes, Matthew P.A. FisherAbstractSub-anesthetic doses of ketamine produce an increase in rodent ambulation that is attenuated by co-administration of naturally-occurring lithium (LiN), the drug most commonly employed in the treatment of bipolar illness. As a consequence, ketamine-induced hyperactivity has been proposed as an animal model of manic behavior. The current study employed a modified version of this model to compare the potency of LiN...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Chemical Engineering JournalAuthor(s): Yalda Zamani Keteklahijani, Ali Shayesteh Zeraati, Farbod Sharif, Edward P.L. Roberts, Uttandaraman SundararajAbstractThis work is part of our ongoing studies on developing conducting polymer nanocomposites for detection of neurotransmitter dopamine that reports synthesis of a highly conductive, self-doped nanocomposite of polyaniline. Nanocomposites of poly (anilineboronic acid) (PABA) were fabricated through in situ chemical polymerization of 3-aminophenylboronic acid monomers in the presence and absence of different carbona...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Xin Hu, Dahui Li, Yue Qiao, Qianqian Song, Zhiguo Guan, Kaixuan Qiu, Jiachang Cao, Lei HuangAbstractRhodococcus sp. HX-2 could degrade diesel oil in the presence of 1%–10% NaCl. The compatible solute betaine accumulated in cells with increasing NaCl concentration, and this was found to be the main mechanism of resistance of HX-2 to high salt concentration. Exogenously added betaine can be transported into cells, which improved cell growth and the percentage degradation of diesel oil in the presence of high [NaCl] in so...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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