Gene expression analysis in peripheral blood cells of patients with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome (HLRCC): identification of NRF2 pathway activation
AbstractHereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome (HLRCC) is a very rare disease that is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Affected patients may develop from cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas to type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (Schmidt and Linehan, Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis 7:253 –260, 2014). HLRCC is caused by germline mutations in theFH gene, which produces the fumarate hydratase protein that participates in the tricarboxylic acid cycle during the conversion of fumarate to malate. InFH-deficient cells, high concentrations of fumarate lead to a series of intricate events, which seem to be responsible for the malignant transformation (Yang et al., J Clin Invest 123(9):3652 –3658, 2013) (Bardella et al., J Pathol 225(1):4–11, 2011). Among these events, one that is gaining attention is the pathological activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway, which has been found in several types of cancer and is implicated in the expression of genes associated with antioxidant responses (Linehan and Rouault, Clin Cancer Res 19(13):3345 –3352, 2013). In this article, we present the results of a gene expression analysis performed on peripheral blood cells from patients with HLRCC syndrome, where upregulation of numerousNRF2 targets and the differential expression of two key genes, Jun dimerization protein 2 (JDP2) and Phosphoglycerate mutase family member 5 (PGAM5), which are involved in the control of thi...
Authors: Yang L, Zhao S, Xia P, Zheng HC Abstract REIC (Reduced Expression in Immortalized Cells) gene is down-regulated in immortalized cells, compared with the normal parental counterparts. Its encoding protein could inhibit colony formation, tumor growth, and induce apoptosis. To investigate the roles of REIC expression in lung cancer, we examined REIC expression in lung cancer cells and tissues by RT-PCR or Western blot, and observed the effects of both recombinant REIC exposure and REIC overexpression on the aggressive phenotypes of lung cancer cells. It was found that the demethylation of REIC promoter by 5-A...
Scientists have produced what they say is the first reliable count of protein molecules in a simple cell. They hope the finding will lead to new ways to predict diseases such as cancer in more complex human cells.
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CONCLUSION: We saw no clear evidence for drugs as a trigger for lung cancer risk in SLE, although drug risk estimates were relatively imprecise. Smoking may be the most significant modifiable lung cancer risk factor in SLE. PMID: 29335347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PROSTATE cancer is the most common cancer among men in the UK and experts have revealed the disease kills more than 10,000 men every year. But what actually is the prostate, and how is it linked to sex?
New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ04242F, PaperYuxuan Peng, Fei Zhang, Xiaojuan Huang, Bo Li, Guoqiang Guan, Wenlong Zhang, Rujia Zou, Xinwu Lu, Junqing Hu Achieving cancer diagnoses and treatment simultaneously, multifunctional nanomaterials lead the trend in the development of nanomedicine. Manganese-based compounds have been well developed for excellent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging contrast agents,... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
AbstractBackgroundLaparoscopic (laparoscopy-assisted) gastrectomy (LG) has several short-term benefits as compared with open distal gastrectomy (OG) in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Survival rates did not differ significantly between LG and OG in retrospective studies of AGC, although some studies included unmatched groups of patients or patients with AGC who had a preoperative diagnosis of early gastric cancer. The aim of present study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with AGC who underwent LG with those of patients with AGC who underwent OG using a propensity-score matching anal...