Long-Term Outcomes of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy —a Single-Center, Retrospective Study

ConclusionsIsolated LSG provides fairly good effects in a long-term follow-up with mean %EWL at 51.1%. Sixteen percent of patients require additional surgery due to insufficient weight loss. More than half of the subjects observe improvement in AHT and T2DM. Over half of the patients complain of GERD symptoms, which in most of the cases is a de novo complaint.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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In this study, we investigated the antihypertensive effect and underlying mechanisms of P. asiatica L. seeds extract (PASE) in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Male SHRs were treated with 2.5 mg/kg of fosinopril (FOS) and 400 mg/kg of PASE orally per day for once or 12 weeks. SHR or Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) receiving vehicle (distilled water) was used as control. The results demonstrated systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures (SBP, DBP, and MBP) were significantly lowered after single and long-term intragastric administration of PASE. The cardiac and aortic index and collagen accumulation were improved in the PA...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Bartolo Ferraro1,2, Maria Donniacuo3, Loredana Sodano3, Franca Ferraraccio4, Rosa Maisto3, Eliana Gulotta5, Gorizio Pieretti6, Michele D’Amico3*, Maria Consiglia Trotta3 and Barbara Rinaldi3 1Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention (IPEK), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany 2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Pharmacology Division, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 4Department of Clinical, Public and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 5Departm...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02139813, and is now completed.FindingsFrom May 13, 2014, to March 2, 2016, of 261 patients screened for eligibility, 253 (97%) were randomly assigned to OAGB (n=129) or RYGB (n=124). Five patients did not undergo their assigned surgery, and after undergoing their surgery 14 were excluded from the per-protocol analysis (seven due to pregnancy, two deaths, one withdrawal, and four revisions from OAGB to RYGB) In the per-protocol population (n=117 OAGB, n=117 RYGB), mean age was 43·5 years (SD 10·8), mean BMI was 43·9 kg/m2 (SD 5·6), 176 ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
When I was a kid, grasshoppers were everywhere. I walked through a field every day to get to school and grasshoppers were everywhere, jumping back and forth across my path, frequently banging off my legs. At night in summer, the backyard was filled with fireflies that we’d chase and capture in jars to watch up close. And there were butterflies of many colors and varieties everywhere, flitting from flower to flower. Today, I don’t see any grasshoppers. In fact, I haven’t seen one in over 40 years. I saw one—just one—firefly this past summer in my backyard. And I can count the number of butterie...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Agribusiness bowel flora Inflammation microbiota prebiotic probiotic wheat belly Source Type: blogs
ConclusionRYGB results in better weight loss compared to SG in Asians, but the rate of T2DM resolution/improvement and improvement of hypertension appears to be similar. In Asian patients without symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux disease in whom metabolic surgery is performed mainly for T2DM and metabolic syndrome, SG may be the surgery of choice.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractThe One Anastomosis (Mini) Gastric Bypass is rapidly gaining acceptance. This review reports cumulative results of 12,807 procedures in obese patients with a mean age of 41.18  years and BMI of 46.6 kg/m2. The overall mortality was 0.10% and the leak rate was 0.96%. The follow-up duration ranged from 6  months to 12 years. A marginal ulceration rate of 2.7% and an anaemia rate of 7.0% were reported. Approximately 2.0% of patients reported postoperative gastro-oesophageal reflux and 0.71% developed malnutrition. Excess weight loss at 6, 12, 24 and 60 months was 60.68, 72.56, 78.2 and 76.6% r...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe benefits of SG on weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and QoL were maintained in the long term for most patients.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
A 62-year-old tall, thin African American man presented to the emergency department after four days of constipation and vomiting. He had decreased mental status, and was unable to provide a complete medical background. His spouse reported that the patient had diffuse abdominal pain for the past four days, and had been experiencing increased thirst and excessive urination for the past four weeks.She reported that the patient was unresponsive to over-the-counter laxatives and had been unable to produce bowel movements. The patient had no prior abdominal surgery, medication use, or primary care visits. The patient used to be ...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, gastric banding, and duodenal switch are the most common bariatric procedures performed worldwide. Ninety-five percent of bariatric operations are performed with minimally invasive laparoscopic technique. Perioperative morbidities and mortalities average around 5% and 0.2%, respectively. Long-term weight loss averages around 15% to 25% or about 80 to 100 lbs (40 –50 kg). Comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, arthritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, improve or resolve after bariatric surgery.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Odds of adverse events and co-morbidity resolution were determined after matching for baseline characteristics. RYGB was associated with highest resolution of GERD, whereas BPD/DS was associated with highest resolution of T2D. These findings can guide decision making regarding choice of bariatric operation. PMID: 28236529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Obes Relat Dis Source Type: research
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