Diabetes and morbid obesity are associated with higher reoperation rates following microvascular decompression surgery: An ACS-NSQIP analysis.

Conclusions: MVD is a common and effective procedure with a relatively safe profile and low 30-day risk of reoperation. Advanced age is not associated with worse outcomes. Obesity and diabetes, however, are associated with increased risk of reoperation and may warrant additional precautions. PMID: 29184719 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: In this group of peritoneal dialysis patients, cystatin C did not correlate with the metabolic or inflammatory status, nor cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for residual renal function. PMID: 31799980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: Chawla R, Jaggi S Abstract The intricate relationship between obesity and T2DM is well recognised, as evidenced by the coining of the term 'diabesity' by Dr Ethan Sims that encompasses the two.Most patients with type 2 diabetes are obese and the global rise in obesity largely explains the epidemic rise in incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes(T2DM) over the last few decades. Obesity has been linked to insulin resistance and predisposes to metabolic abnormalities including prediabetes, type diabetes and the metabolic syndrome.Weight reduction is an essential component to prevent progression from predi...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the association of Computed tomography quantified visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using CKD-EPI formula, diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), proteinuria, lipid profile, and hypertension. Increased adipose tissue is the primary phenotypic characteristic of obesity. The amount and distribution of adipose tissue is associated with many adverse consequences, as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc. Abdominal CT with semi-automated software can quantify adipose tissue and predict the risk...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: This pilot study showed that a diabetes specific nutritional supplement was useful in improving glycemic control and reducing glycemic response in overweight and obese Asian Indian adults with T2DM. PMID: 31801326 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
To fix this conundrum,'the most effective strategy may be to recognize that obesity is a disease and needs to be treated as such, and to hold providers accountable for care,'says one public health expert.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
[Daily Maverick] In the shadow of HIV many things are hidden. Do a quick Google search ('in the shadow of HIV') and a torrent of disease and social ills will blast across your browser. You'll find gender-based violence and stigma, sugar-daddies, obesity and hypertension, patriarchy, cancer and diabetes, denial, guilt, and the opioid crisis. Also hiding, deep in the shadows, are adolescent boys and young men.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
We describe how the metabolic effects of O3, including effects within the lungs, are exacerbated in the setting of the metabolic derangements of obesity and we discuss epidemiological data indicating an association between ambient O3 exposure and diabetes. We conclude by describing the role of the gut microbiome in the regulation of metabolism and by discussing data indicating a link between the gut microbiome and pulmonary responses to O3.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
DiscussionThis overview will assess current evidence from systematic reviews for the association between cadmium exposure and risk of T2DM and other metabolic morbidities. This overview may be helpful for policy-makers and healthcare teams aiming to mitigate T2DM risk in populations at risk of cadmium exposure.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019125956
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
DiscussionThis review will be the first to report and summarise the risk for and incidence of PPC in adult patients with MetS undergoing surgery across a range of surgical specialities. The results have the potential to inform the development of evidenced-based interventions to improve the management of PPC in the surgical patient with MetS. Findings from this systematic review and meta-analysis will inform a subsequent Delphi study on priorities and responses to PPC in patients with MetS. We will also disseminate our results through publication in scientific peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations and promotion t...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractPurposesBiliopancreatic diversion could improve type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aim was to investigate the effects of biliary jejunostomy on the improvement of glucose.Materials and MethodsTwenty-seven type 2 diabetes patients underwent biliary jejunostomy between January 2013 and January 2018 in our hospital and were followed up. Demographic data, operation details, body weight, food intake, effects on diabetes control, and biomedical parameters were collected and analyzed.ResultsAs defined previously, 3 of 27 diabetes patients were “under control,” 8 patients were “in remission,” and 12 pati...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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