Understanding a therapeutic paradox for treating thrombo-vascular complications in kidney disease

(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered a potential treatment target to prevent chronic kidney disease patients from developing blood clots without causing bleeding complications - an unwanted and perplexing side effect. They say the strategy offers a much-needed therapeutic alternative to standard-of-care heparin, which throws off the finely-tuned balance between pro-clotting and anticoagulant factors in blood vessels that work to keep fluid flowing while protecting against excessive bleeding after injuries.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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This article contains updated knowledge and management of patients with CKD undergoing PCI. Areas covered: In this article, the pathophysiological mechanisms behind the association of CKD, complex CAD lesions, and complications of PCI are reviewed and the different risk scores available to assess the occurrence of CI-AKI are detailed. Furthermore, various strategies developed to prevent or reduce the impact of complications of PCI are described. Expert commentary: Patients with CKD have remained a challenge in the field of PCI. Several strategies have been evaluated in the last 20 years, with uneven results. Intravascular ...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
Purpose of review The present review summarizes the past year's literature, both clinical and basic science, regarding potential adverse effects of proton pump inhibitors. Recent findings Proton pump inhibitors are amongst the most widely prescribed and overprescribed medications worldwide. Although generally considered well tolerated, epidemiologic studies mining large databases have reported a panoply of purported serious adverse effects associated with proton pump inhibitors, including chronic kidney disease, cognitive decline, myocardial infarction, stroke, bone fracture and even death. It should be noted that the...
Source: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: STOMACH AND DUODENUM: Edited by Mitchell L. Schubert Source Type: research
Purpose of review Non-valvular atrial fibrillation is common in patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) and historically patients have been treated with vitamin K antagonists (VKA). However, these agents have questionable efficacy and are associated with increased bleeding risk. Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOAC) have advantages over VKA in early stage CKD. In this review, we sought to establish evidence for best practice in patients with severe CKD (creatinine clearance
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: DIAGNOSTICS AND TECHNIQUES: Edited by Maarten W. Taal Source Type: research
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of dabigatran in patients with HIT. We included 43 patients in the study who received dabigatran for the management of suspected HIT, based on 4Ts (thrombocytopenia, timing of platelet count drop, thrombosis or other sequelae, and other causes of thrombocytopenia) scores. Three patients were excluded because they had received dabigatran with a creatinine clearance
Source: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Sabbag A, Yao X, Siontis KC, Noseworthy PA Abstract The burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is projected to increase substantially over the next decade in parallel with the aging of the population. The increasing age, level of comorbidity, and polypharmacy will complicate the treatment of older adults with AF. For instance, advanced age and chronic kidney disease have been shown to increase the risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding in patients with AF. Frailty, recurrent falls and polypharmacy, while very common among elderly patients with AF, are often overlooked in the clinical decision making despite...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This analysis provides us with knowledge on those patients who may benefit from an earlier preparation in RRT. We suggest that patients with previous cardiac events, especially with a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, should start the preparation for RRT even with GFR rates of 20-25ml/min. In spite of the retrospective nature of this study, and taking into account the difficulties of carrying out clinical trials in this population, we propose this suggestion as complementary to the current recommendations for a scheduled start using this technique. PMID: 30219338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
Conclusions: Elderly people using antiplatelet drugs may be more susceptible to diverticular bleeding than diverticulitis.Digestion
Source: Digestion - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the use of third-generation P2Y12 inhibitors among non-CKD patients was associated with better outcomes. CKD patients receiving third-generation P2Y12 inhibitors treatment showed no statistically significant lower mortality and thrombotic events. Bleeding risk was not increased with the use of third-generation P2Y12 inhibitors in either group of patients. PMID: 30207603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this explorative study analyzing patients with severe CKD treated with edoxaban 30  mg once daily, no major bleeding or thrombotic events were observed. Some minor bleedings were observed. While additional studies are necessary to confirm the results of this exploratory study, edoxaban 30 mg once daily appears to be safe in patients with severe CKD.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeA timely pharmacoinvasive strategy consisting of thrombolytic therapy (TT) plays a pivotal role in three major scenarios: acute ischemic stroke (AIS), acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), and massive pulmonary embolism (PE). Presence of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) (estimated glomerular filtration rate
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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