Delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment and its determinants among rural communities of the Oromia special zone, Ethiopia: facility-based cross-sectional study

This study was conducted to assess the delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment and respective determinants in rural communities of Oromia Special Zone, Ethiopia, to generate information to improve diagnosis and treatment.MethodsA facility-based cross-sectional study design was conducted from 14 February to 21 April 2017. A structured questionnaire was prepared in English by reviewing the literature and translated into the local language (Afan Oromo). To assure the quality of data, the questionnaire was pre-tested. Logistic regression was employed to identify factors associated with delay. Then, all explanatory variables associated with the outcome variable in bivariate analysis were included in multivariable analysis.ResultsA total of 394 respondents were included in the study with 100% response rate. Of the participants, 241 (61%) did not seek diagnosis and treatment on time. Households located more than 5  km away from a health facility (AOR = 4.18; 2.82–6.22;p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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alami Armed conflict and internal displacement of persons create new health challenges for women in Africa. To outline the research literature on this population, we conducted a review of studies exploring the health of internally displaced persons (IDP) women in Africa. In collaboration with a health research librarian and a review team, a search strategy was designed that identified 31 primary research studies with relevant evidence. Studies on the health of displaced women have been conducted in South- Central Africa, including Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); and in Eastern, East central Africa, and Western Afri...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: There were gaps in detailed knowledge on NCDs, but positive attitude towards routine primary care integrated HIV/NCDs management, showing likely support for implementation of such policy.Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, knowledge, attitude, HIV, integration.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
' Cochrane exists so that healthcare decisions get better. ’ That is the first sentence of our Strategy to 2020 that aims to put Cochrane evidence at the heart of health decision-making all over the world. Here ’s a look back at some key highlights of our work in the first quarter of 2019, from January to March.Cochrane began preparations for its annual flagship event,Cochrane ’s Colloquium in Santiago, Chile 22-25 October, 2019. During this time, many Cochrane contributors submitted abstracts as part of the scientific programme, this year ‘embracing diversity’. We also opened the ca...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusion: Overall, this study provides a high accurate approach to predict HILI and an in silico perspective into understanding the hepatotoxicity mechanism of TCM, which might facilitate the discovery and development of new drugs. Introduction Liver injury induced by drug, novel foods or phytotherapy, also known as hepatotoxicity, is still a major clinical and pharmaceutical concern (Amadi and Orisakwe, 2018; Hammann et al., 2018; Kyawzaw et al., 2018; Real et al., 2018). According to the data from United States National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), hepatotoxicity accounts for...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We examined the relationship between the metabolic processes of carbon catabolite repression (CCR), nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR) and virulence in a variety of A. fumigatus clinical isolates. A considerable amount of heterogeneity with respect to the degree of CCR and NCR was observed and a positive correlation between NCR and virulence in a neutropenic mouse model of pulmonary aspergillosis (PA) was found. Isolate Afs35 was selected for further analysis and compared to the reference strain A1163, with both strains presenting the same degree of virulence in a neutropenic mouse model of PA. Afs35 metabolome analysis ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, in the presence of a suitable detergent, cell-free systems are very well capable of producing high quality membrane proteins. Introduction The production and purification of membrane proteins for functional and structural studies remains a tedious endeavor. It requires a wise choice of a suitable expression system in order to obtain sufficient quantities and adequate quality for the purpose. Further, practicality and economic parameters typically need to be taken into account, such as costs for culture media and required volumes. In this regard, cells that can be grown in suspension exceed by far the...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Kunpeng Zhang1,2†, Yilu Feng3†, Lixiao Du3, Shanshan Gao2, Hang Yan2, Kun Li2, Nana Liu2, Junxiang Wu1* and Guirong Wang3* 1State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China 2College of Biology and Food Engineering, Anyang Institute of Technology, Anyang, China 3State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China Olfaction in insects has a critical role in recognizing the host, finding food, and choosing mating partners, as well as avoiding predators. Odorant recept...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
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