Photobiomodulation for traumatic brain injury and stroke - Hamblin MR.

There is a notable lack of therapeutic alternatives for what is fast becoming a global epidemic of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Photobiomodulation (PBM) employs red or near-infrared (NIR) light (600-1100nm) to stimulate healing, protect tissue from dying,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

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The novel coronavirus disease 2019  (COVID-19), first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, spread worldwide in 2020. As of June 1, 2020, the estimated number of global cases and deaths has exceeded 6 million and 370,000, respectively.1 In Japan, the number of reported cases increased sharply in March 2020, with community tran smission presenting at the highest rate in urban areas, leading to a state of emergency being declared by the Japanese government on April 7. Subsequently, on April 9, the Japan Stroke Society and the Japanese Circulation Society issued a joint statement on the importance of maintaining hi...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Photo credit John Mark Smith Dear Carol: Over the past few years, my parents have had two strokes and one broken hip between them. They both have recovered and are doing fine for people in their 80s. Their in-home care services have remained reasonably stable even during this COVID-19 epidemic. I'm the problem. I can’t shake the feeling that another health emergency is just around the corner. I understand that expecting that there will be more emergencies is only realistic, but this thinking that I'll be called out to handle something horrible is keeping me from enjoying the fact that things are going well ...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
The opioid epidemic has plagued the United States with high levels of abuse and poor quality of life for chronic pain patients requiring continuous use of opioids. New drug discovery efforts have been implemented to mitigate this epidemic; however, new medications are still limited by low efficacy and/or high side effect and abuse potential. Intermittent fasting (IF) has recently been shown to improve a variety of pathological states, including stroke and neuroinflammation. Numerous animal and human studies have shown the benefits of IF in these disease states, but not in pain and opioid treatment. We thus subjected male a...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic infection associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Korean city of Daegu endured the first large COVID-19 outbreak outside of China. Since the report of the first confirmed case in Daegu on February 18, 2020, a total of 6,880 patients have been reported until May 29, 2020. We experienced five patients with ischemic stroke and COVID-19 during this period in four tertiary hospitals in Daegu. The D-dimer levels were high in all three patients in whom D-dimer blood testing was performed. Multiple embolic infarctions were observed in three pati...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia in the world, with over 30 million people affected as of 2010.1 The number of patients projected to develop AF will double over the next decade.2 AF is independently associated with an increased risk of stroke,3 heart failure (HF),4 and mortality.5 It is not surprising, thus, that AF assumes a sizeable share of health care expenditure and its magnitude is reaching epidemic proportions.6 Blacks despite having a higher prevalence of traditional risk factors for AF, such as HF, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, have been shown to have a lower incidence of AF.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Little is known about the effect of the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on stroke care and the impact of the epidemic on acute stroke hospitalizations has not been described.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
The COVID-19 epidemic has threatened to overwhelm the health-care systems of European countries resulting in government decisions of extensive societal lockdowns. There have been considerable concerns regarding the collateral effects of the COVID-19 epidemic overshadowing the care of patients with other medical conditions including cardiovascular diseases. Of interest, decreases in the registered incidences of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke have been reported [1,2]. AF is a common reason for physician contact and AF patients are often recommended treatment with oral anticoagulants to mitigate the associated r...
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editors-in-Chief Source Type: research
Accurate blood pressure measurements are important for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents. Hypertension is a significant risk factor for a number of chronic conditions in children and adults, including cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart, renal failure and strokes. The prevalence of paediatric hypertension has significantly increased as a result of the childhood obesity epidemic.1 Hypertension is routinely diagnosed using office blood pressure (OBP) measurements, which should be interpreted using the Task Force OBP reference thresholds guidelines.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Editorials Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome may be the most common and serious condition you’ve never heard of. (At least that’s what I found out when I asked friends and relatives about it.) Worse, a study published recently in JAMA shows that it’s on the rise. Let’s start with the name, according to Merriam-Webster: Metabolic: Relating to the chemical changes in living cells by which energy is provided for vital processes and activities and new material is assimilated Syndrome: A group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition. So now you know what metabolic syndrome ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Coronavirus and COVID-19 Diabetes Health Health care disparities Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs
Viral infections are known to impact coronary disease, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be triggered by the inflammatory cytokine response to infection.1,2 Cytokines promote local inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques within the coronary artery, which can lead to plaque destabilization, rupture, and eventually AMI development. Psychological adversity, depression, stress at home or work, social isolation and loneliness are also known factors contributing to acute vascular event.3 Recent outbreaks of coronavirus (CoV), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
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