Short-duration Papanicolaou stain (SPS) —an alternative to conventional Papanicolaou stain in routine cytopathology?

AbstractPapanicolaou (PAP) stain is the most common stain used for cytological evaluation. Judicious use of the PAP stain results in a well-stained nuclear chromatin, cytoplasmic transparency, and differential cytoplasmic staining which helps the pathologists in the diagnosis of various lesions. The major disadvantage of the conventional PAP stain is the long duration of the staining process. Since cervical cytology is used as a screening method for diagnosis of cervical cancer, it becomes essential to device a modified stain which gives rapid results. Hence, this study was undertaken to study the utility of a rapid-modified short-duration PAP stain. This is a prospective study conducted on 100 patient samples which were received in the Cytopathology Laboratory of Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chromepet, Chennai, India. Two PAP smears were collected from the study population and one was stained with the conventional PAP staining technique and the other was stained with the modified rapid-short PAP staining method. The staining characteristics of these smears were evaluated and compared. Smears stained by both the staining techniques were evaluated using a scoring system which assesses the nuclear, cytoplasmic, and the background staining characteristics. It was found that the rapid-short PAP staining technique is found to be more effective compared to the conventional PAP stain with aP value of
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Changing the sexual image of the vaccine could help to establish a collective vaccination policy. Public health policies play an essential role by working with general practitioners and by increasing visibility on the web. The usefulness of the vaccine in 2019 seems to be questioned by Internet users as shown by their major approval of cervical smears. However, these two methods remain complementary in the fight against cervical cancer. PMID: 31718831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
Conclusion: EP provides monolayered cervical smears with vivid morphological details, leading to reduced screening time and relatively higher pick-up of infections and low-grade cervical lesions as compared to conventional smears. The availability of such low-cost devices may enable wider application of cytology-based cervical cancer screening in low-resource countries.
Source: CytoJournal - Category: Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
Self-testing kits could help more women get checked for cervical cancer risk, researchers say.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A study of 620 women by the Queen Mary University in London showed the self-sampling tests detected pre-cervical cancer in more than 83 per cent of women.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Swabs or urine self-sampling could be less invasive at identifying high-risk womenSwabs or urine samples taken at home could be as effective at identifying women at high risk of cervical cancer as traditional smear tests, according to new research.Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women globally. In the UK, women aged between 25 and 64 are invited for cervical screening every three years.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Cervical cancer Science Health Society UK news HPV vaccine Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: HAART had cytoprotective effect against cervical dysplasia in HIV+ve females, by reducing progression of ASCUS to LSIL, HSIL and cervical cancer. Progression from normal to ASCUS increased which could be due to latency or/and prolonged persistent high risk HPV and HIV infections, of the most sexually active age group before diagnosed of HIV. PMID: 31653145 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Saudi women in the Qassim region have moderate awareness of cervical cancer but negative attitudes toward screening. Awareness campaigns are needed to promote knowledge and improve pap smear attendance to eliminate negative perceptions and beliefs. PMID: 31653142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Conclusion Results show the importance of OB/GYN visits in obtaining Pap tests for AAPI and NLW students. Implication for Practice Health practitioners should pay attention to students' race/ethnicity in their practice and provide corresponding ethnic group–specific preventive care.
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
AbstractThe purpose of this cross-sectional survey study was to explore common barriers to adequate Pap smear utilization among homeless women, and the factors that may relate to cervical cancer testing in this population. Participants consisted of adult women recruited at a healthcare facility for the homeless. Data were collected through a self-completed questionnaire on knowledge, attitudes and intentions about Pap smears and cervical cancer. Analyses included descriptive and inferential statistics. Sixty participants who had experienced homelessness within the past year completed the study. The most frequently mentione...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This article evaluates access to the Papanicolaou test in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in municipalities in a health region. Cervical cancer control depends on a well-organized Family Health Strategy, so assessment of access to the Papanicolaou test reflects the quality of care at this level. This is a qualitative study with data produced in 10 focus groups, totaling 70 participants in four municipalities. We analyzed the organizational, symbolic, and technical dimensions of access to the Pap test, with cervical cancer control as the marker. The results indicate that living in rural areas was a barrier to access to the...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
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