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Interhospital Transport of Children Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Practical and Ethical Dilemma*

Conclusions: Transporting children in cardiac arrest with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation between hospitals is potentially lifesaving if it enables access to resources such as extracorporeal support, but may risk transport personnel safety. Research is needed to optimize outcomes of patients transported with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and reduce risks to the staff caring for them.
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Online PCCM Perspectives Source Type: research

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Recovery of the 20 Hz Rebound to Tactile and Proprioceptive Stimulation after Stroke. Neural Plast. 2018;2018:7395798 Authors: Parkkonen E, Laaksonen K, Parkkonen L, Forss N Abstract Sensorimotor integration is closely linked to changes in motor-cortical excitability, observable in the modulation of the 20 Hz rhythm. After somatosensory stimulation, the rhythm transiently increases as a rebound that reflects motor-cortex inhibition. Stroke-induced alterations in afferent input likely affect motor-cortex excitability and motor recovery. To study the role of somatosensory afferents in moto...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the structural and functional connectivity (FC) of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and rs-fMRI data were collected in 25 patients with JME and in 24 control subjects. A FC analysis was subsequently performed, with seeding at the regions that demonstrated between-group differences in gray matter volume (GMV). Then, the observed structural and FCs were associated with the clinical manifestations. The decreased GMV regions were found in t...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract Seasonal changes in light exposure have profound effects on behavioral and physiological functions in many species, including effects on mood and cognitive function in humans. The mammalian brain's master circadian clock, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), transmits information about external light conditions to other brain regions, including some implicated in mood and cognition. Although the detailed mechanisms are not yet known, the SCN undergoes highly plastic changes at the cellular and network levels under different light conditions. We therefore propose that the SCN may be an essential mediator of ...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract During the past several years, the rapid development of neuroimaging techniques has contributed greatly in the noninvasive imaging studies of tinnitus. The aim of the present study was to explore the brain anatomical alterations in patients with right-sided unilateral pulsatile tinnitus (PT) in the early stage of PT symptom using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. Twenty-four patients with right-sided pulsatile tinnitus and 24 age- and gender-matched normal controls were recruited to this study. Structural image data preprocessing was performed using VBM8 toolbox. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) sc...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Immunotherapy is a promising method of treatment for a number of cancers. Many of the curative results have been seen specifically in advanced-stage melanoma. Despite this, single-agent therapies are only successful in a small percentage of patients, and relapse is very common. As chemotherapy is becoming a thing of the past for treatment of melanoma, the combination of cellular therapies with immunotherapies appears to be on the rise in in-vivo models and in clinical trials. These forms of therapies include tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, T-cell receptor, or chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells, cytokines [interleuk...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated TRAF3IP3 tumorigenic function. TRAF3IP3 protein was present in several cancer cell lines, with highest levels in melanoma. In addition, tumor microarray analysis on 23 primary melanoma and nine positive lymph nodes revealed that 70% of human primary melanoma and 66% of lymph node metastases were positive for TRAF3IP3. Importantly, TRAF3IP3 downregulation correlated with an 83% reduction of tumor growth in a subcutaneous xenograft mouse model (n=10, P=0.005). Immunohistochemistry analysis of the tumors revealed that TRAF3IP3-shRNA tumors had increased apoptosis (n=4, P
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Basic research Source Type: research
Serial analysis of BRAF mutations in circulating-free DNA (cfDNA) could be of prognostic value in melanoma patients. We collected blood samples from 63 advanced BRAFV600E/K melanoma patients and determined BRAFV600E/K status in cfDNA using a quantitative 5′-nuclease PCR-based assay. Levels of BRAF mutation in pre-cfDNAs were associated significantly with tumour burden, progression-free survival and overall survival. Changes in BRAF status in cfDNA after initiation of treatment (early-cfDNA) had a significant correlation with outcome. In patients with persistent BRAF mutations (n=12), progression-free survival and ove...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Translational research Source Type: research
Interferons (IFN) have a direct growth-inhibiting effect on tumor cells through Janus kinase-dependent activation of the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT1). In vitro, signaling through STAT5 has been demonstrated to counteract this effect and lead to IFN resistance of melanoma cell lines. In 32 patients treated with IFN-α in an adjuvant setting, we investigated paraffin-embedded tumor tissue from primary melanomas and melanoma metastases for expression of STAT3 and STAT5, by immunohistochemistry, and for expression of phosphorylated signaling transduction activating transcri...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Translational research Source Type: research
In the current era of checkpoint inhibitors, some patients with metastatic melanoma have shown a significant improvement in survival. However, optimization of immunotherapy is an ongoing effort. Monocyte-derived dendritic cell (MODC) vaccines have been shown in clinical trials to be safe and capable of inducing tumor-specific immunity as well as occasional objective clinical responses. Here, we conducted a three-arm pilot clinical study in 15 patients with metastatic melanoma to evaluate three types of MODC vaccines, differing only by strategies of tumor antigen delivery. MODCs were isolated from each patient and loaded wi...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Translational research Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic importance of lymph node ratio (LNR) in stage III melanoma after complete lymph nodal dissections. From European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer randomized trials 18871, 18952, and 18991, 2358 patients had full information on positive and examined lymph nodes (LNs) and were included. Cox proportional hazards models stratified by trial were used to assess the prognostic impact of LNR adjusted for confounders on melanoma-specific survival. Optimal cutoff values for LNR were calculated for each LN dissection site (axillary, inguinal, and neck). LNR (≥ vs.
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Clinical research Source Type: research
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