Parkinson's: Stem cells restore nerve function in monkeys

Scientists have created dopaminergic neurons from human stem cells and implanted them in monkeys with Parkinson's, restoring their nerve function.
Source: Parkinson's Disease News From Medical News Today - Category: Neurology Tags: Parkinson's Disease Source Type: news

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In conclusion, this is the first report to show that pyroptotic cell death occurs in the aging brain and that the inflammasome can be a viable target to decrease the oxidative stress that occurs as a result of aging. Reducing Levels of Protein Manufacture Slows Measures of Aging in Nematodes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/12/reducing-levels-of-protein-manufacture-slows-measures-of-aging-in-nematodes/ Researchers here demonstrate that an antibiotic slows aging in nematode worms, providing evidence for it to work through a reduction in protein synthesis. Beyond a slowing of aging, one of the con...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: This study confirmed the efficacy of iNSC-derived DA precursors in a mouse PD model, and emphasized the necessity of genomic sequencing and vigorous safety assessment before any clinical translation using iNSCs.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
AbstractRegenerative medicine as a background of stem cell research and therapy has a long history. A wide variety of diseases including Parkinson ’s disease, heart diseases, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, diabetes mellitus and etc. are candidate to be treated using different types of stem cells. There are several sources of stem cells such as bone marrow, umbilical cord, peripheral blood, germ cells and the embryo/fetus tissues. Fe tal stem cells (FSCs) and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have been described as the most potent stem cell source. Although their pluri- or multipotent properties leads to promising ...
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
A little more than a decade has passed since the development of a simple cell reprogramming approach that reliably created pluripotent stem cells from ordinary somatic cells, known as induced pluripotent stem cells. These stem cells are very similar, near identical in fact, to the embryonic stem cells that were previously the only reliable source of cells capable of forming any cell type in the body. Arguably the most important aspect of induced pluripotency is not the promise of the ability to generate patient-matched cells for regenerative therapies and tissue engineering of replacement organs, but rather that it is a lo...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
This article, however, is more of a commentary on high level strategy and the effects of regulation, coupled with a desire to forge ahead rather than hold back in the matter of treating aging, thus I concur with much more of what is said than is usually the case. For decades, one of the most debated questions in gerontology was whether aging is a disease or the norm. At present, excellent reasoning suggests aging should be defined as a disease - indeed, aging has been referred to as "normal disease." Aging is the sum of all age-related diseases and this sum is the best biomarker of aging. Aging and its d...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Guan YQ, Zhao CS, Zou HQ, Yan XM, Luo LL, Wu JL, Li X, Zhang YA Abstract Whether aging or Parkinson's disease (PD) affects the responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to immunosuppression by bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cell (BM‑MSCs) and which cytokines are more effective in inducing BM‑MSCs to be immunosuppressive remains to be elucidated. PBMCs were isolated from healthy young (age 26‑35), healthy middle‑aged (age 56‑60) and middle‑aged PD‑affected individuals. All the recruits were male. The mitogen‑stimulated PBMCs and proinflammatory cytokine‑pret...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
In this study, we tested whether pharmacological agonism and antagonism of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor regulate nonmotor symptoms, neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and fate specification and explored the cellular mechanism(s) underlying dopamine receptor (D1 and D2)- mediated adult hippocampal neurogenesis in rat model of PD-like phenotypes. We found that single unilateral intra-medial forebrain bundle administration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) reduced D1 receptor level in the hippocampus. Pharmacological agonism of D1 receptor exerts anxiolytic and antidepressant-like effects as well as enhanced NSC proliferation, l...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract In humans, oxidative stress is thought to be involved in the development of Parkinson' s disease, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, heart failure, myocardial infarction, depression. Myricitrin, a botanical flavone, is abundantly distributed in the root bark of Myrica cerifera, Myrica esculenta, Ampelopsis grossedentata, Nymphaea lotus, Chrysobalanus icaco, and other plants. Considering the abundance of its natural sources, myricitrin is relatively easy to extract and purify. Myricitrin reportedly possesses effective anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nociceptive activities, and can protect a ...
Source: Current Stem Cell Research and Therapy - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Curr Stem Cell Res Ther Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: European Journal of Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, HIF ‐1α stabilisation may represent a promising strategy for the generation of dopaminergic neurons intended for use in experimental in vitro studies and cell replacement therapies.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: European Journal of Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research
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