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Educating New Afib Patients; Home BP Monitoring; Heart Disease and T2D

(MedPage Today) -- Cardiovascular Daily wraps up the top cardiology news of the week
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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AbstractHeart failure and atrial fibrillation are common and responsible for significant mortality of patients. Both share the same risk factors like hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, obesity, arteriosclerosis, and age. A variety of microscopic and macroscopic changes favor the genesis of atrial fibrillation in patients with preexisting heart failure, altered subcellular Ca2+ homeostasis leading to increased cellular automaticity as well as concomitant fibrosis that are induced by pressure/volume overload and altered neurohumoral states. Atrial fibrillation itself promotes clinical deterioration of patients w...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractAims Diabetes is associated with higher arterial stiffness —an early marker of cardiovascular disease. The coupling between arterial stiffness and myocardial function is still unresolved. We investigate associations between arterial stiffness and early myocardial impairment assessed with advanced echocardiography.MethodsIn 305 type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients without known heart disease and with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (biplane LVEF  >  45%), we measured arterial stiffness as pulse wave velocity (PWV) and performed conventional and speckle-tracking echocardiography assess...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study shows that the level of engagement with a Web-based intervention following provision of CHD risk information is not influenced by the level of risk but by the individual’s response to the risk information, their past experiences of behavior change, the extent to which they consider the lifestyle information helpful, and whether they felt obliged to complete the intervention as part of a research study. A number of facilitators and barriers to Web-based interventions were also identified, which should inform future interventions.
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsFor the first time in Belgium, educational inequalities were studied by region. Among the Belgian, educational inequalities were higher in Brussels, followed by Wallonia and Flanders. The region-specific PAF decomposition, leading to a ranking of causes according to their population-level impact on overall inequality, is useful for regional policy-making processes.
Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions Women with prolonged labour do not appear to be at a higher short-term risk of cardiac outcomes. Teaser We assessed the risk of heart failure, cardiomyopathy or dysrhythmia in women with a history of prolonged labour. We conducted a population-based cohort study in the entire province of Ontario, including all singleton livebirths at 24 to 41 weeks’ gestation, between 1992 and 2016. Women with prolonged labour dif not appear to be at a higher future risk of the heart failure, cardiomyopathy or dysrhythmia.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundHeart transplantation (HTX) is an established therapy for end‐stage heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether application of oral bisphosphonates is effective in preventing osseous complications after HTX. MethodsThirty‐three cardiac transplant recipients were treated with alendronate 70 mg/wk or risedronate 35 mg/wk in combination with 1000 mg calcium and 800 IU vitamin D. Markers of bone metabolism and dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry (DXA) were determined directly after HTX and 2 years later. Primary endpoints were changes in bone mineral density (B...
Source: Clinical Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions Hypertension affects millions of people in SSA and if left untreated, is a major cause of heart disease and stroke. Very few SSA countries have a clear hypertension policy. This PASCAR roadmap identifies practical and effective solutions that would improve detection, treatment and control of hypertension on the continent and could be implemented as is or adapted to specific national settings.
Source: Global Heart - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In this study, we have shown that the lipid chaperones FABP4/FABP5 are critical intermediate factors in the deterioration of metabolic systems during aging. Consistent with their roles in chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in young prediabetic mice, we found that FABPs promote the deterioration of glucose homeostasis; metabolic tissue pathologies, particularly in white and brown adipose tissue and liver; and local and systemic inflammation associated with aging. A systematic approach, including lipidomics and pathway-focused transcript analysis, revealed that calorie restriction (CR) and Fabp4/5 deficiency result ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions and ImplicationsBM‐derived endothelial progenitor cells make a crucial contribution to the remodelling of mitral valve tissue. Our data describe a new and important mechanism underlying human VHD.
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research
AVOCADOS have risen to superfood status thanks to their high nutrient content. Here are three ways eating them can help your heart.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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