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Bio-psychosocial factors are associated with pain intensity, physical functioning, and ability to work in female healthcare personnel with recurrent low back pain.

Bio-psychosocial factors are associated with pain intensity, physical functioning, and ability to work in female healthcare personnel with recurrent low back pain. J Rehabil Med. 2017 Aug 09;: Authors: Taulaniemi A, Kuusinen L, Tokola K, Kankaanpää M, Suni JH Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of various bio-psychosocial factors with bodily pain, physical func-tioning, and ability to work in low back pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 219 female healthcare workers with recurrent non-specific low back pain. METHODS: Associations between several physical and psychosocial factors and: (i) bodily pain, (ii) physical functioning and (iii) ability to work were studied. Variables with statistically significant associations (p 
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the clinical, psychological features, and quality of life in Chinese fibromyalgia (FM) patients who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2010 FM classification criteria at initial diagnosis. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chinese People ’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Hospital. A hundred and seven Chinese FM patients (86 females, 21 males) were included. Eighty-six patients completed the questionnaires. Descriptive, differences, and correlation analyses were performed. The results showed that Chinese FM patients started their di seases at a median age of ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusions These findings show that patients with cLBP have slowed speeds of information processing and working memory, but no alteration in attention and recognition memory. There are clearly interactions of cognitive function with pain, depression, anxiety, and medication. MDPT may improve the impaired cognitive function of patients with cLBP. Implication Health professionals should contemplate the results from this study when planning therapy strategies especially when prescribing pain medications such opioids to patients with chronic low back pain.
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
Conclusion. Hip and low back symptoms are highly associated, suggesting a common mechanism may be at work. Although there appears be increased risk of knee and ankle region symptoms among those with back pain, the SNQ is not designed to differentiate types of referred symptoms (i.e., numbness, tingling, shooting pain) and/or clinical diagnoses. Other tools, possibly corroborated with clinical examination findings, are likely necessary for a more thorough investigation of referred pain patterns in this high-risk occupational group. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Occupational Health/Ergonomics Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that the analgesic effects of duloxetine are mainly mediated by the spinal monoamine system, independent of the antidepressant effects of this agent. SignificanceThe findings of this study suggest that duloxetine may be an effective treatment of broad neuropathic pain states, including neuropathic low back pain. The analgesic effects of duloxetine might be mediated by alterations of the descending pain modulatory pathways in the spinal cord, independent of the antidepressant effects.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: 16–22 September 2017 Source:The Lancet, Volume 390, Issue 10100 Author(s): GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence CollaboratorsAmanuel AlemuAbajobirKalkidan HassenAbateCristianaAbbafatiKaja MAbbasFoadAbd-AllahRizwan SuliankatchiAbdulkaderAbdishakur MAbdulleTeshome AbukaAbeboSemaw FeredeAberaVictorAboyansLaith JAbu-RaddadIlana NAckermanAbdu AbdullahiAdamuOlatunjiAdetokunbohMohsenAfaridehAshkanAfshinSanjay KumarAgarwalRakeshAggarwalAnuragAgrawalSutapaAgrawalHamidAhmadiehMuktar BeshirAhmedMiloud Taki EddineAichourAmani NidhalAichourIbtihelAichourSnehaAiyarRufus OlusolaAkinyemiNadiaAkseer...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion. These findings may provide clinically relevant information to physicians, patients, and their families regarding the risk factors for opioid dependence following lumbar fusion surgery. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusions Our results indicate an important role of some dimensions of difficulties in emotional regulation, somatosensory amplification and rumination in the increase in negative affects and dysfunctional beliefs, and in the links between those psychological risk factors and pain/disability. Implications This study identifies some cognitive and emotional dysregulations substantially involved in work-related chronic pain. This contribute to put in place psychotherapeutic protocols to tackle these deficits and dysregulations in a relevant way.
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Abstract Low back pain (LBP) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has so far been of little concern in clinical investigations. The main focus of scientific publications on spinal problems in RA was the cervical spine. In a recent study, we could demonstrate that LBP in RA patients leads to a significantly higher degree of disability and depression as well as to a reduction in quality of life compared to RA patients without LBP. If there is a specific reason for the additional symptom of LBP, such as spinal stenosis or segmental instability, surgical treatment may be indicated to improve ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionsImprovement in SQ is associated with improvements in LBP and in disability at 3‐month follow‐up, suggesting that they may reflect or be influenced by common factors. However, baseline SQ does not predict improvements in pain or disability. SignificanceIn clinical practice, sleep quality, low back pain and disability are associated. However, sleep quality at baseline does not predict improvement in pain and disability.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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