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Functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses provide equivalent therapeutic effects on foot drop: A meta-analysis providing direction for future research.
CONCLUSION: Functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses have an equally positive therapeutic effect on walking speed in non-progressive central nervous system diagnoses. The current randomized controlled trial evidence base does not show whether this improvement translates into the user's own environment or reveal the mechanisms that achieve that change. Future studies should focus on measuring activity, muscle activity and gait kinematics. They should also report specific device details, capture sustained therapeutic effects and involve a variety of central nervous system diagnoses. PMID: 29227525 [PubMe...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Kinaesthetic ability training improves unilateral neglect and functional outcome in patients with stroke: A randomized control trial.
Authors: Kutlay S, Genç A, Gök H, Öztuna D, Küçükdeveci AA Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinaesthetic ability training with the Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) on unilateral neglect and functional outcomes in stroke patients. STUDY DESIGN: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled, clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 64 stroke patients with unilateral neglect (mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 12) years, 60.4% male, mean time since stroke 6.4 (SD 10.4) months, left hemiplegia 92.5%) were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation programme ...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on spasticity, balance, and walking speed in stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Etoom M PMID: 29206272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Social relationships in rehabilitation and their impact on positive outcomes among amputees with lower limb loss at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.
CONCLUSION: The social component of service delivery influences patients' outcomes from clinical care. These results could be translated across healthcare settings to improve patient outcomes. PMID: 29206273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Predictors of return-to-work in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: A randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary intervention may hasten return-to-work and benefit those who perceive low support at work, but at 12 months only duration of sick leave at baseline was associated with return-to-work. PMID: 29206274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Factors associated with upper leg muscle strength in knee osteoarthritis: A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: Lower muscle quality, physical inactivity, more severe joint degeneration, and higher pain are reported to be associated with lower strength in the upper leg muscles in knee osteoarthritis. Future research into knee osteoarthritis should focus on other potential determinants of muscle strength, such as muscle quantity, muscle activation, nutrition and vitamins, and inflammation. In hip osteoarthritis, more research is needed into all potential determinants. PMID: 29186637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - December 2, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Reliability and convergent validity of the five-step test in people with chronic stroke.
Authors: Ng SSM, Tse MMY, Tam EWC, Lai CYY Abstract OBJECTIVES: (i) To estimate the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of the Five-Step Test (FST), as well as the minimum detectable change in FST completion times in people with stroke. (ii) To estimate the convergent validity of the FST with other measures of stroke-specific impairments. (iii) To identify the best cut-off times for distinguishing FST performance in people with stroke from that of healthy older adults. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-based rehabilitation centre. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight people wi...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - November 23, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Implementation of Clinical Quality Management for Rehabilitation in Malaysia.
The objective of this paper is to describe CQM-R Malaysia. First, a conceptual description of a CQM-R based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is set out. The methods, results and conclusions of a situation analysis conducted in January 2017 are then reported. Finally, the building blocks and implementation action plan developed for CQM-R Malaysia are presented. PMID: 29159419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - November 23, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Effects of Pilates and yoga in patients with chronic neck pain: A sonographic study.
Authors: Uluğ N, Yılmaz ÖT, Kara M, Özçakar L Abstract BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A randomized study. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into 3 groups as follows: Pilates group (n = 20), yoga group (...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - November 23, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Ankle passive and active movement training in children with acute brain injury using a wearable robot.
Authors: Chen K, Xiong B, Ren Y, Dvorkin A, Gaebler-Spira D, Sisung C, Zhang LQ Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a wearable robotic device in guiding isometric torque generation and passive-active movement training for ankle motor recovery in children with acute brain injury. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Ten inpatient children with acute brain injury being treated in a rehabilitation hospital. DESIGN: Daily robot-guided ankle passive-active movement therapy for 15 sessions, including isometric torque generation under real-time feedback, stretch-ing, and active movement training ...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - November 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Pain and fear avoidance partially mediate change in muscle strength during resistance exercise in women with fibromyalgia.
CONCLUSION: Pain and fear avoidance are important factors to consider in rehabilitation using resistance exercise for women with fibromyalgia. PMID: 29068036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Berg Balance Scale score at admission can predict walking suitable for community ambulation at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: The Berg Balance Scale can be used at rehabilitation admission to predict the degree of improvement in walking for patients with stroke. PMID: 29068037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Upper-limb sensory impairments after stroke: Self-reported experiences of daily life and rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: Stroke survivors perceive that sensory impairment of the upper limb has a highly negative impact on daily life, but specific rehabilitation for the upper limb is lacking. These findings imply that the clinical management of upper limb sensory impairment after stroke requires more attention. PMID: 29068038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Respiratory, cardiovascular and metabolic responses during different modes of overground bionic ambulation in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury: A case series.
CONCLUSION: Overground bionic ambulation with variable assistance can substantially increase cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses; however, these responses vary widely across participants and overground bionic ambulation modes. PMID: 29068039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Mirror therapy for motor function of the upper extremity in patients with stroke: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Although the included studies had high heterogeneity, meta-analysis provided some evidence that mirror therapy may significantly improve motor function of the upper limb in patients with stroke. Further well-designed studies are needed. PMID: 29077129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

"The acceptance" of living with cronic pain - an ongoing process: A qualitative study of patient experiences of multimodal rehabilitation in primary care.
CONCLUSION: Patients in primary care multimodal rehabilitation experience a complex, ongoing process of accepting chronic pain. Four important categories were described. These findings will help others to understand the experience and perspective of patients with chronic pain who engage in multimodal rehabilitation. PMID: 29077130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Challenges and barriers for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan in low- and middle- income countries.
CONCLUSION: Disability care is an emerging priority in low- and middle-income countries to address the needs of people with disability. The challenges identified in Nigeria are common to most low- and middle-income countries. The GDAP framework can facilitate access and strengthen Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation services. PMID: 28980008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Adaptations of fatigue and fatigability after a short intensive, combined rehabilitation program in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Authors: Hameau S, Bensmail D, Roche N, Zory R Abstract OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and fatigability are common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis, which might be improved by rehabilitation. The aim of this pilot study was to assess changes in the fatigue and fatigability of knee extensors in patients with multiple sclerosis after a short intensive, combined rehabilitation programme (including physiotherapy primarily focused on gait and balance, endurance and resistance training). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with multiple sclerosis (10 men, 13 women) underwent isokinetic evaluations of fatigability of the k...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Mobilization in early rehabilitation in intencive care unit patients with severe acquired cerebral injury: An observational study.
CONCLUSION: Early mobilization appears to favour the clinical and functional recovery of patients with severe acquired brain injury in the intensive care unit. PMID: 28980699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Value of botulinum toxin injections preceding a comprehensive rehabilitation period for children with spastic cerebral palsy: a cost-effectiveness study.
CONCLUSION: The addition of botulinum toxin type A to intensive physiotherapy did not improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation for ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy and was also not cost-effective. Thus botulinum toxin is not recommended for use in improving gross motor function, activity levels or health-related quality-of-life in this cerebral palsy age- and severity-subgroup. PMID: 28949368 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Determining the cut-off value for knee extensor strength for identifying independence in gait in chronic stroke survivors.
CONCLUSION: These cut-off values could help to identify stroke survivors who are no longer independent in gait because of decreasing knee extensor strength on the paretic and non-paretic sides. PMID: 28949369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Feasibility of task-specific brain-machine interface training for upper-extremity paralysis in patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke.
Authors: Nishimoto A, Kawakami M, Fujiwara T, Hiramoto M, Honaga K, Abe K, Mizuno K, Ushiba J, Liu M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Brain-machine interface training was developed for upper-extremity rehabilitation for patients with severe hemiparesis. Its clinical application, however, has been limited because of its lack of feasibility in real-world rehabilitation settings. We developed a new compact task-specific brain-machine interface system that enables task-specific training, including reach-and-grasp tasks, and studied its clinical feasibility and effectiveness for upper-extremity motor paralysis in patients with strok...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Assessing timed up and go in Parkinson ´s disease: Reliability and validity of timed up and go assessment of biomechanical strategies.
CONCLUSION: TUG-ABS presented adequate measurement properties in individuals with Parkinson's disease. PMID: 28951938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for pain control after total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Compared with control intervention, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation supplementation intervention was found to significantly reduce pain and morphine requirement over a period of 24 h and to promote functional recovery in patients who have undergone total knee arthroplasty. PMID: 28933513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 23, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Proprioception mediates the association between systemic inflammation and muscle weakness in patients with knee osteoarthritis: results from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis cohort.
Authors: Cudejko T, van der Esch M, van der Leeden M, Holla J, Roorda LD, Lems W, Dekker J Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether systemic inflammation is associated with poor proprioception; to confirm that systemic inflammation is associated with muscle weakness; and to determine whether poor proprioception mediates the association between systemic inflammation and muscle weakness in knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 689 participants with knee osteoarthritis from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis (AMS-OA) cohort. METHODS: Systemic inflammation was assessed by eryth...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 22, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Frequency of venous thromboembolism events during acute inpatient rehabilitation in a comprehensive cancer centre.
CONCLUSION: Cancer patients with low FIM transfer scores and lower extremity oedema are at higher risk of venous thromboembolism. Patients with these clinical findings at admission may require measures for more aggressive surveillance for the presence of venous thromboembolism. Patients with venous thromboembolism had an increased length of stay in rehabilitation, but ultimately did not have significant differences in FIM score changes. PMID: 28929167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 22, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Comparison of two 6-minute walk tests to assess walking capacity in polio survivors.
Authors: Brehm MA, Verduijn S, Bon J, Bredt N, Nollet F Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare walking dynamics and test-retest reliability for 2 frequently applied walk tests in polio survivors: the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) to walk as far as possible; and the 6-minute walking energy cost test (WECT) at comfortable speed. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three polio survivors, able to walk ≥ 150 m. METHODS: On the same day participants performed a 6MWT and a WECT, which were repeated 1-3 weeks later. For each test, distance walked, heart rate and reduction in speed were assessed. ...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 22, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Measurement properties of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise tests protocols in persons after stroke: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: No judgement could be made on which protocol is "best" for measuring VO2max in persons after stroke due to lack of high-quality studies on the measurement properties of the cardiopulmonary exercise test. PMID: 28862313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Working capacity after a subarachnoid haemorrhage: A six-year follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Nearly three-quarters of subjects were deemed to have working capacity within 2.5 years post-subarachnoid haemorrhage with a non-self-reported outcome. This information will help to individualize rehabilitation for affected persons. PMID: 28862314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Effectiveness of postoperative home-exercise compared with usual care on kinesiophobia and physical activity in spondylolisthesis: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Progressive 12-month home-exercise starting 3 months postoperatively was not superior to usual care in decreasing kinesiophobia or increasing physical activity in spondylolisthesis. PMID: 28862315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Reliability and concurrent validity of standardized walking obstacle course test in people with stroke.
Authors: Ng SSM, Chan SCL, Chan AKY, Chung HHY, Lee NKW, Ngan ATS, Tse MMY Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate: (i) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of completion times and step counts on the Standardized Walking Obstacle Course test (SWOC); (ii) correlations between SWOC scores and stroke-specific impairments; (iii) the cut-off SWOC completion times and step counts for distinguishing differences in obstacle negotiation ability in people with chronic stroke and healthy older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-based rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Twenty...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on spasticity, balance, and walking speed in stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Lin S, Sun Q, Wang H, Xie G Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with stroke through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation vs placebo transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on stroke were included. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies. The primary outcom...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Adult Spasticity International Registry Study: methodology and baseline patient, health care provider, and caregiver characteristics.
CONCLUSION: The data collected in this study will guide the development of administration strategies to optimize the effectiveness of onabotulinumtoxinA in the management of spasticity of various underlying aetiologies. PMID: 28805237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Perceived impact of stroke six years after onset, and changes in impact between one and six years.
CONCLUSION: The long-term perceived impact of stroke highlights the importance of appropriate rehabilitation interventions within several areas to reduce the long-term negative impact in everyday life. PMID: 28792583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Reproducibility of clinician-friendly physical performance measures in individuals with obesity.
CONCLUSION: The clinician-friendly performance-based tests for individuals with obesity considered in this study appear legitimate for discriminative purposes, such as in cross-sectional studies. However, for longi-tudinal assessments (evaluative purposes), some measures should be used with greater caution due to limited agreement. Careful consideration should be given to the evaluation of physical performance in people with obesity, particularly in the context of conservative or surgical treatment for weight loss. PMID: 28792584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Centrally mediated late motor recovery after Botulinum toxin injection: Case reports and a review of current evidence.
CONCLUSION: Additional research is required to further elucidate these hypotheses, as well as providing specific dosing specifications, patient selection criteria and the interplay with other therapeutic modalities necessary to promote late motor recovery. PMID: 28792585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Experiences of falls and strategies to manage the consequences of falls in persons with late effects of polio: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Experiences of falls greatly affect persons with late effects of polio in daily life. To reduce falls and fall-related consequences both problem-focused and emotion-focused strategies are used. In order to increase daily functioning, these findings should be included in a multifaceted falls management programme. PMID: 28792586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Electromyographic bridge for promoting the recovery of hand movements in subacute stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: In the present group of subacute stroke patients, the results favour EMGB over cyclic NMES for augmenting the recovery of volitional wrist and finger motion. PMID: 28792587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Bio-psychosocial factors are associated with pain intensity, physical functioning, and ability to work in female healthcare personnel with recurrent low back pain.
Authors: Taulaniemi A, Kuusinen L, Tokola K, Kankaanpää M, Suni JH Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of various bio-psychosocial factors with bodily pain, physical func-tioning, and ability to work in low back pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 219 female healthcare workers with recurrent non-specific low back pain. METHODS: Associations between several physical and psychosocial factors and: (i) bodily pain, (ii) physical functioning and (iii) ability to work were studied. Variables with statistically significant associations (p 
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury: Associations with secondary health conditions, sense of coherence, coping strategies and physical activity.
CONCLUSION: Older adults with long-term spinal cord injury report a low presence of probable depression. Mental health may be supported through rehabilitation that strengthens the ability to understand and confront life stressors, promotes acceptance of the injury, provides pain management and encourages participation in leisure-time physical activity. PMID: 28762446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 3, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Assessment of upper limb spasticity in stroke patients using the robotic device REAplan.
Authors: Dehem S, Gilliaux M, Lejeune T, Detrembleur C, Galinski D, Sapin J, Vanderwegen M, Stoquart G Abstract OBJECTIVE:  To assess the capacity of the robotic device REAplan to measure overall upper limb peak resistance force, as a reflection of upper limb spasticity. METHODS:  Twelve patients with chronic stroke presenting upper limb spasticity were recruited to the study. Patients underwent musculocutaneous motor nerve block to reduce the spasticity of elbow flexor muscles. Each patient was assessed before and after the motor nerve block. Overall the REAplan measured upper limb resistance force. ...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 2, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with dysphagia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sarcopaenia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation is very high. The power of this study was too low to observe a significant association between sarcopaenia and dysphagia. PMID: 28665444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 2, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Medical rehabilitation in disaster relief: towards a new perspective.
Authors: Amatya B, Galea M, Li J, Khan F Abstract With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plans and rehabilitation services in many disaster-prone developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) initiative recognizes rehabilita...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 2, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Nonlinear relationship between isokinetic muscle strength and activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis: Results of the Amsterdam-Osteoarthritis cohort.
CONCLUSION: In patients with knee osteoarthritis, relationships between muscle strength and activity limitations are non-linear. Patients with muscle strength below the described thresholds might benefit more from muscle strength training to reduce limitations in daily activities than would patients with muscle strength above the thresholds. Further research is needed to assess the clinical value of the thresholds determined. PMID: 28661545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Skeletal muscle metabolism after stroke: A comparative study using treadmill and overground walking test.
CONCLUSION: Carbohydrate oxidation accounted for the majority of fuel oxidation at the preferred walking speed in post-stroke individuals. The increased carbohydrate utilization recorded at preferred walking speed may have influenced the physical activity profile. PMID: 28661546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Being a person with disabilities or experiencing disability: Two perspectives on the social response to disability.
Authors: Bickenbach J, Rubinelli S, Stucki G Abstract Disability has a profound impact, both on those who live with it and on society that responds to the needs of people experiencing disability. Society has a primary obligation to respond to the impact of disability. Rehabilitation has an essential role to play here; but its relationship to disability embodies a broader social ambiguity about what it means to experience disability. On the one hand, disability is a mark of a minority group persons with disabilities, which has, historically, been socially disadvantaged. On the other, disability is a matter of how he...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Efficacy of workplace interventions for shoulder pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Low-grade evidence exists that a workplace exercise programme may reduce the intensity of shoulder pain, and that workstation modifications may reduce the prevalence of shoulder pain. PMID: 28661548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - July 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy for reducing fatigue in post-polio syndrome and in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy: A comparison.
CONCLUSION: Fatigue-related cognitions in severely fatigued patients with post-polio syndrome are not clearly different from that in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy. Thus, the lack of efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy in post-polio syndrome cannot be attributed to unique cognitive characteristics of this population. PMID: 28657640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - June 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Life satisfaction in spouses of stroke survivors and control subjects: A 7-year follow-up of participants in the Sahlgrenska Academy study on ischaemic stroke.
Authors: Abzhandadze T, Forsberg-Wärleby G, Holmegaard L, Redfors P, Jern C, Blomstrand C, Jood K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SUBJECTS: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - June 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Are job strain and sleep disturbances prognostic factors for low-back pain?A cohort study of a general population of working age in Sweden.
Authors: Rasmussen-Barr E, Grooten WJA, Hallqvist J, Holm LW, Skillgate E Abstract The aim of this study was to determine whether job strain, i.e. a combination of job demands and decision latitude (job control), and sleep disturbances among persons with occasional low-back pain are prognostic factors for developing troublesome low-back pain; and to determine whether sleep disturbances modify the potential association between job strain and troublesome low-back pain. A population-based cohort from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort surveys in 2006 and 2010 (= 25,167) included individuals with occasional low-...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - June 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research