WHO and partners take on malaria: the top killer in north-eastern Nigeria

Following more than 8 years of conflict in Borno state in north-eastern Nigeria, some 3.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and all are at risk for malaria. WHO estimates that every week, around 8500 people are infected with the disease in Borno state. With the high transmission season for malaria lasting through October, WHO expects these numbers will increase. In Borno state, WHO estimates more than half of deaths recorded are currently due to malaria, more than all other causes of death combined, including cholera, measles and hepatitis E. A highly vulnerable population, consisting largely of children (58.8%), is at risk of disease outbreaks.
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: malaria [subject], malaria [subject], African Region [region], Nigeria [country] Source Type: news

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This study and extension phase are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01205152, and EudraCT, number 2009-009369-32.Findings11 participants were recruited between Oct 6, 2008, and Dec 4, 2009. Ten patients completed a 6 month treatment period and entered the extension phase; nine received asfotase alfa for at least 6 years and completed the study, with four being treated for more than 7 years. Skeletal healing was sustained over 7 years of treatment; all evaluable patients had RGI-C scores of at least +2 at year 6 (n=9; median score +2·0 [range 2·0–3·0]) and year 7 (n=7; median score +2...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Şener AG, Aydın N, Ceylan C, Kırdar S Abstract Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) facilitate the diagnosis and evaluation of patients in many systemic autoimmune conditions. Besides, ANA may also be detected in chronic infectious diseases. Although a number of investigations associated with autoantibody positivity in patients with chronic hepatitis C were reported, autoantibody positivity in patients with chronic hepatitis B remain rarely addressed in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antinuclear antibody (ANA), antimitocondrial antibody (AMA), anti-smooth muscle antibodies (ASMA) and ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Karataylı E, Soydemir E, Aksoy ZB, Kızılpınar M, Altay Koçak A, Karataylı SC, Yurdcu E, Yıldırım U, Güriz H, Bozdayı G, Yurdaydın C, İlhan O, Yıldırım Y, Bozdayı AM, MOTAKK HBV ve HCV Çalışma Grubu Abstract MOTAKK, as a national external quality control program has been launched to evaluate the molecular detection of viral infections including HBV DNA and HCV RNA in molecular microbiology diagnostic laboratories in Turkey. This program is prepared in compliance with ISO 17043:2010 (Conformity assessment general requirements for proficiency testing) standards, and aims to...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
This study reports an investigation of the determinants of the likelihood consumers will revisit a restaurant that has had a foodborne illness outbreak, including the moderating effects of restaurant type and consumer dining frequency. A scenario-based survey was distributed via Amazon's Mechanical Turk to collect data from 1034 respondents; the tally of valid responses was 1025. Partial least squares-based structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) showed perceived vulnerability and perceived severity to be statistically significant; both also negatively affected customer intentions to patronize restaurants cited for serving ...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
PMID: 30548026 [PubMed - in process]
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
PMID: 30548025 [PubMed - in process]
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of the four major curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs), namely trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Despite huge global incidence, STIs remain as neglected diseases. The success of antiretrovirals for halting progression to AIDS in HIV-infected individuals and for stopping HIV transmission to uninfected contacts, either as pre- or post-exposure -prophylaxis, has to lead to increased risky sexual behaviors through risk compensation. Recent epidemics and outbreaks of STIs among men having sex with men reflect the global loss...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
PMID: 30548021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 463Author(s): Jie Jiang, Anglu Shen, Hao Wang, Sanling YuanAbstractPhosphorus is an essential element for the growth and reproduction of algae. In recent years, the frequent outbreaks of algal blooms caused by eutrophication have drawn much attention to the influence of phosphate (P) uptake on the growth of algal cells. The previous study only considered the effect of total P pools on the P uptake process of algal cells and considered the process as one stage, which is insufficient. P uptake by algae is actually a two-stage kinetic process bec...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Han C, Gao L, Bai H, Dou X Abstract Despite improved screening programs, the vast majority of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an advanced stage. A lack of effective diagnosis methods for preclinical HCC has resulted in a low rate of early detection. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10 (AKR1B10) is associated with several cancer types. However, to the best of our knowledge, the diagnostic value of AKR1B10 in early stage HCC is poorly understood. In the current study, the diagnostic performance of serum AKR1B10 in hepatitis B virus/hepatitis C virus (HBV/HCV)-related liver d...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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