The social psychology of nerve cells

Cholinergic amacrine cells create a 'personal space' in much the same way that people distance themselves from one another in an elevator, researchers have discovered. In addition, the study shows that this feature is heritable and identifies a genetic contributor to it, pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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ConclusionsRNA deconvolution of the immune infiltrates of pituitary adenomas using CIBERSORTx suggests that most pituitary adenomas comprise of M2 macrophages, but each adenoma subtype has a unique immune landscape. This may have implications in targeting each adenoma subtype with different immunotherapies.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified hub genes and pathways in HCC that may be potential targets for diagnosis, treatment and prognostic prediction. PMID: 32200915 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of the Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Srirangam Nadhamuni V, Korbonits M Abstract Substantial advances have been made recently in the pathobiology of pituitary tumors. Similar to many other endocrine tumors, over the last few years we have recognized the role of germline and somatic mutations in a number of syndromic or non-syndromic conditions with pituitary tumor predisposition. These include the identification of novel germline variants in patients with familial or simplex pituitary tumors and establishment of novel somatic variants identified through next generation sequencing. Advanced techniques have allowed the exploration of epigenetic...
Source: Endocrine Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions: To sum up, we found that the postoperative incidences of hypopituitarism were higher than the preoperative incidences. Tumour type, surgery resection methods, and tumour sizes were important contributing factors to the incidence of postoperative hypogonadism. PMID: 32190158 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Laura Marsh, Elizabeth Guinan, Emily Shah, Michael Powell, Clara Lowy, Michael D. Kopelman
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide. More than 2 billion people have been exposed to HBV, and about 257 million individuals are chronic carriers of HBV. HBV reactivatio...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
AbstractThere is a lack of evidence on timing, frequency, and duration of postoperative endocrine, radiologic, and ophthalmologic assessments that should be performed after pituitary surgery (PS). However, it is known that careful optimization of treatment and follow-up strategies as well as a multidisciplinary approach may have a significant impact on long-term outcomes, improving surgical results, minimize complications and facilitate their correct treatment if occurring, and optimize the hormonal, ophthalmological, and radiological reassessment throughout the follow-up. Considering that there are no specific guidelines ...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSomatostatin analogues are used to treat symptoms and slow tumour progression in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) and carcinoid syndrome and to reduce hormone secretion and pituitary tumour volume in patients with acromegaly. A new syringe for lanreotide autogel/depot (LAN) was developed following feedback from a human factors study to improve ease of injection compared with previous syringes. PRESTO aimed to assess preferences of nurses between the LAN new syringe and the octreotide long-acting release (LAR) syringe.MethodsPRESTO, a multinational, multicentre, prospective, noninterventional,...
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We provide a comprehensive analysis of both clinical and pathological findings of the largest cohort of patients operated on for pituitary adenomas in one tertiary reference center. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest up-to-date published analysis in our country. PMID: 32154573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
AbstractThe use of temozolomide (TMZ) for the management of aggressive pituitary tumours (APT) has revolutionised clinical practice in this field with significantly improved clinical outcomes and long-term survival. Its use is now well established however a large number of patients do not respond to treatment and recurrence after cessation of TMZ is common. A number of challenges remain for clinicians such as appropriate patient selection, treatment duration and the role of combination therapy. This review will examine the use of TMZ to treat APT including mechanism of action, treatment regimen and duration; biomarkers pre...
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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