PodMed – Week of June 19, 2017

This week’s topics include ultra-long acting insulin, dressed up veggies, lithium during pregnancy, and a new risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Program notes: 0:38 How veggies are described and consumption 1:35 Indulgent description improved choice 2:46 Education and cardiovascular disease 3:44 42% for those with grad school or professional education 4:45 Need to recognize to […]
Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine Weekly Health News - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: All Podcasts Diabetes Diet Heart And Vascular Mental health PodMed Pregnancy Source Type: podcasts

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Credit: Busani Bafana/IPSBy Esther Ngumbi and Ifeanyi NsoforILLINOIS, United States / ABUJA, Oct 16 2019 (IPS) United Nations World Food Day is celebrated around the world on October 16 under the theme: “Our Actions ARE Our Future. Healthy Diets for a Zero Hunger World”. This theme is timely, especially, because across Africa and around the world, there has been a gradual rise in malnutrition and diet-related non communicable diseases, as highlighted in The Lancet study and a United Nations Report published earlier this year. While 45 percent of deaths in children are from nu...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health World Food Day Source Type: news
Authors: Christoforaki V, Zafeiriou Z, Daskalakis G, Katasos T, Siristatidis C Abstract In early pregnancy, miscarriage is the most common complication. The early identification of women at high risk for miscarriage could improve pregnancy outcomes. We investigated whether the first trimester neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) could be used as a prognostic marker for miscarriage, in pregnancies after spontaneous conception. We retrospectively identified 129 pregnant women who had a first trimester full blood count available and known pregnancy outcome. First trimester NLR was calculated for each woman and mean NL...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Bień Carbohydrate metabolism disorders resulting in hyperglycemia are among the most common metabolic complications of pregnancy. According to 2017 data from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 16.2% of pregnancies are complicated with hyperglycemia, of which gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) accounts for 86.4% of cases. Carbohydrate metabolism disorders developing during pregnancy require the patient to change her lifestyle or, in some cases, to undergo pharmaceutical treatment, which may affect various aspects of the patient’s life, including her perceived quality of life (QoL). The purpose of ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provided the evidence that PVT1 played a vital role in trophoblast cells, and it is important for maintaining the normal physiological function of trophoblast cells. The PVT1 expression was lower in the GDM and PE placentas than the normal placentas, which might disrupt the function of trophoblast cells through PI3K/AKT pathway.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Obesity has a major impact on the health of women at reproductive age and during pregnancy [1, 2]. Obesity has several deleterious effects on female reproductive function, which includes obesity associated hypothalamic-gonadal dysfunction, fertility impairment and increased rate of miscarriages [3]. Women with obesity also incur in higher risks of pregnancy related mortality and morbidity, since the prevalence of gestational diabetes, fetal growth restriction, prematurity, stillbirth, traumatic delivery and some congenital malformations is increased [2].
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of gestational diabetes treatment on maternal weight gain and neonatal weight. METHODS: a retrospective cohort study of 1,765 patients with GD, according to the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) criteria. We assessed: pre-pregnancy BMI, total maternal weight gain (MWG), weight gain during the third trimester, gestational week of starting the treatment, and treatment modality (diet or diet plus insulin). Birth weight was adjusted by gestational age and gender: SGA (≤ 10th) and large for gestational age (LGA) (> 90th). RESULTS: the percentage of newborn...
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are major risk factors for vascular complications in diabetes. Its role in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and vascular complications in GDM is not known.ObjectiveThe present study was aimed to study the association of AGEs with GDM and vascular inflammation.MethodsPlasma samples from normal pregnant and GDM women (n = 50 each) were obtained from two tertiary referral centers in Tamil Nadu, India. Quantification of AGEs, methylglyoxal (MGO), ICAM-1, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were performed by commercially available ELISA kits.Results and conclusions...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Peterson KE Abstract CONTEXT: Several cross-sectional studies have assessed the association of lead exposure with type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults; however, studies of such associations in childhood are rare. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the prospective associations of prenatal exposure to lead with type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in children. DESIGN: The Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) is a birth cohort study of pregnant women and their offspring. SETTING: Public hospitals in Mexico City. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Wo...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
It is well recognized that prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) varies depending on the population studied and the diagnostic criteria used. The data source used also can lead to substantial diffe...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution and maternal diabetes may affect common biological pathways underlying adverse neurodevelopmental effects. However, joint effects of maternal diabetes and air pollution on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether prenatal and early-life air pollution exposure interacts with maternal diabetes status to affect ASD risk. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 246,420 singleton children born in Kaiser Permanente Southern California hospitals in 1999-2009. Children were followed from birth until age 5, during wh...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
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