Regulation of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V1 protein synthesis by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway in colonic hypersensitivity.

Regulation of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V1 protein synthesis by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway in colonic hypersensitivity. Exp Neurol. 2017 Jun 03;: Authors: Shen S, Al-Thumairy HW, Hashmi F, Qiao LY Abstract The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1), also known as the capsaicin receptor or vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1), is expressed in nociceptive neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and participates in the transmission of pain. The present study investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms by which TRPV1 was regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling pathways in colonic hypersensitivity in response to colitis. We found that during colitis TRPV1 protein levels were significantly increased in specifically labeled colonic afferent neurons in both L1 and S1 DRGs. TRPV1 protein up-regulation in DRG was also enhanced by NGF treatment. We then found that TRPV1 protein up-regulation in DRG was regulated by activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway both in vivo and in vitro. Suppression of endogenous PI3K/Akt activity during colitis or NGF treatment with a specific PI3K inhibitor LY294002 reduced TRPV1 protein production in DRG neurons, and also reduced colitis-evoked TRPV1-mediated visceral hypersensitivity tested by hyper-responsiveness to colorectal distention (CRD) and von Frey filament stimulation of abdomen. Further studies showed that TRPV1 mRNA lev...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research

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