Bone mineral density at femoral neck and lumbar spine in adults with type 1 diabetes: a meta-analysis and review of the literature

ConclusionFemoral neck and lumbar spine BMD were modestly lower in adults with T1D compared to controls. However, this modest reduction in femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD cannot explain much higher observed fracture risk in adults with T1D.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Authors: Duan CC, Ma C, Tang HQ Abstract Objectives: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) has been disclosed to be associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as increased risks of losing bone mass and progression of osteoporosis (OP). Osteoprotegerin (OPG), as a decoy receptor, has been demonstrated to play a critical role in bone metabolism homeostasis and vascular atherosclerotic diseases. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the associations between OPG levels and T1D.Methods: Related literatures were searched and identified from the database of the Cochrane Library database, PubMed a...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
ConclusionsCombined application of HA and SV improves bone regeneration in mandibular critical bone defects compared with application of HA alone in healthy, diabetic, and osteoporotic rats.Clinical relevanceThis study might help to patients with osteoporosis or uncontrolled diabetes type 1, but future studies should be done.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Of Interest Source Type: blogs
ConclusionPatients with T1D have a higher risk of ST/FS fractures compared with sex- and age-matched controls. Since a proportion of ST/FS fractures are classified as AFFs, this could point towards the fact that AFFs also are increased in patients with T1D, but not T2D.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIndividuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM) have an increased risk of bone fracture compared to non-diabetic controls that is not explained by differences in BMD, BMI, or falls. Thus, bone tissue fracture resistance may be reduced in individuals with DM. The purpose of this review is to summarize work that analyzes the effects of T1DM and T2DM on bone tissue compositional and mechanical properties.Recent FindingsStudies of clinical T2DM specimens revealed increased mineralization and advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) concentrations and significant relationships between mecha...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsT1DM premenopausal patients showed bone tissue properties comparable to those shown by controls. Further larger-scale studies should be conducted to confirm these results.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings suggested that increased serum levels of miR-154-5p and decreased OC levels may influence osteogenesis and proteinuria in T2DM and may identify novel targets for diagnosis and treatment of diabetic kidney disease and osteoporosis.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHypoglycaemic episodes are associated with increased fracture risk, and the frequency of hypoglycaemic episodes leading to hospital admission was above 16% for T1D subjects. Prevention of hypoglycaemia is thus an important focus area in the prevention of fractures.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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