Learning by Doing and Learning by Observing: Training Parents in Saudi Arabia to Implement the Natural Language Paradigm

AbstractThe present study trained six parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder to implement the Natural Language Paradigm in Saudi Arabia. Three of the parents participated in direct training using a Behavioral Skills Training (BST) model involving instructions, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback. As each of the three parents were being trained directly an additional parent observed the training (i.e., there were three trainee-observer dyads). While all of the parents learned from observing other parents being trained directly, only one observer met the predetermined performance criteria after observation alone, with the other two requiring direct training using BST. The parents demonstrated maintenance of their skills at follow-up, and social validity evaluations were strong. In addition, all parents implemented the NLP procedures at mastery criteria in another setting during generalization probes. Implications for further training research are provided.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Sehyoun Yoon, Euan Parnell, Maria Kasherman, Marc P. Forrest, Kristoffer Myczek, Susitha Premarathne, Michelle C. Sanchez Vega, Michael Piper, Thomas H.J. Burne, Lachlan A. Jolly, Stephen A. Wood, Peter PenzesSummaryVariants in the ANK3 gene encoding ankyrin-G are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disability, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. However, no upstream regulators of ankyrin-G at synapses are known. Here, we show that ankyrin-G interacts with Usp9X, a neurodevelopmental-disorder-assoc...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) The University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), and the Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance (TS Alliance) have joined together to launch first-of-a-kind centers in Maryland to treat adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities, such as autism.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusions and implicationsAdjustments are needed to the custody process and environment to support interactions between autistic individuals and officers and improve the overall wellbeing of autistic individuals.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
(Northwestern University) Scientists have discovered why a specific genetic mutation causes intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder in children. The mutation results in fewer brain synapses, making it harder for the brain to learn. The discovery offers a new target for treatment.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Genomics, Proteomics &BioinformaticsAuthor(s): Guan Ning Lin, Sijia Guo, Xian Tan, Weidi Wang, Wei Qian, Weichen Song, Jingru Wang, Shunying Yu, Zhen Wang, Donghong Cui, Han WangAbstractDe novo variants (DNVs) are one of the most significant contributors to severe early-onset genetic disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and other developmental and neuropsychiatric (DNP) disorders. Presently, a plethora of DNVs have been identified using next-generation sequencing, and many efforts have been made to understand their impact at the g...
Source: Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Abstract This single-case investigation was designed to evaluate the effects of telehealth training on practitioner implementation of a naturalistic developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI). Six general education preschool practitioners engaged in an intervention with six children with varying disabilities in inclusive classroom settings. The telehealth training package included a collaborative approach to intervention planning, online training module, video self-evaluation, and performance feedback via videoconferencing. Following telehealth training, practitioners reached criteria for implementation fidelity...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
This study reports on the psychometric properties of this revised scale (ABAIT-R) among 102 special educators assessed using Rasch models. It was found that the model had good fit and a wide spread of difficulties (3.63 to - 2.60). ABAIT-R had good targeting (over 85%) and high reliability (0.79). The assumptions of the model were met recommending sufficiency for the use of summated score from ABAIT-R among teachers. PMID: 31797185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome of occupational therapy practice. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts the individual throughout their lifespan and may substantially affect QoL. Measuring QoL of people with ASD presents a challenge and a debate whether to use general versus disability-specific adapted measures. PURPOSE.: This paper aims to (a) revisit the construct of QoL and discuss specific dilemmas pertaining to its measurement, and (b) discuss implications to the assessment of QoL in individuals with ASD while highlighting the pot...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research
This study used a long-term tracking large database to investigate whether the proportion of children who were diagnosed with speech and language impairments were later diagnosed with anxiety or depression were significantly greater than that of matched group of the same age and gender without speech and language impairments. More than 4300 eligible children with speech and language impairments and matched controls were identified and assessed for anxiety and depression. The risk of anxiety and depressive disorders in children with speech and language impairments were examined with Cox regression analyses and adjusting for...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research
ConclusionThe WISC-IV profiles might help distinguishing between the cognitive characteristics of ASD and ADHD boys.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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