Study of Human Biochemical Parameters During and After Ramadan

This study aims to analyze the changes in body weight, glucose and lipid profile during Ramadan in physiotherapy students in Pakistan. The study was conducted during June –July 2013 (Hijri year 1434). There were 80 students (50 males and 30 females) recruited in the experiment. They all were healthy adults between the age group of 18–24 (mean age 20.5) years. All subjects underwent a general physical examination and interview, and non-healthy subjects were exclud ed. On statistical analysis, quantitative data were expressed in terms of mean ± SD and ap value of ≤0.05 was believed statically significant. Paired t test was used to compare the variables. There was a little reduction in body weight (62.7 ± 8.8 vs. 62.3 ± 9.0;p value  = 0.009) but a significant decline in glucose level (72.6 ± 12.5 vs. 57.9 ± 10.7;p value  = 0.000), low-density lipoprotein level (2.9 ± 0.3 vs. 2.5 ± 0.3;p value  = 0.000), total cholesterol (4.6 ± 0.4 vs. 4.2 ± 0.5;p value  = 0.000) and triglycerides (1.4 ± 0.5 vs. 1.2 ± 0.5;p value  = 0.000) was observed. Moreover, there was some reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (1.2 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.3;p value  = 0.045). This study shows that Ramadan...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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In conclusion, chronic supplementation with the mixture of dietary compounds was well tolerated and apparently safe in NAFLD subjects. The trial failed to demonstrate any efficacy on relevant physio-pathological markers, but its protocol and results may be useful to design future studies with natural compounds. PMID: 31554528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of organic chromium (Cr) on physico-biochemical and oxidative stability of turkey meat. Ninety-six (16th weeks) male turkeys were distributed into 16 groups (4 diet × 4 replicates × 6 birds each). Four dietary treatments (T1, T2, T3 and T4) were formulated with supplementation of 0.0, 250, 500 and 750 µg Cr/kg diets, respectively. Cholesterol and fat contents in meat reduced (p 
Source: Animal Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Anim Biotechnol Source Type: research
This study was to evaluate the effects of an interdisciplinary intervention on food consumption, body composition, lung function and adipokines in obese asthmatic and non-asthmatic adolescents and to investigate the influence of nutrients on lung function. Obese non-asthmatic (n=42) and obese asthmatic (n=21) adolescents of both sexes participated this study. Was evaluated food intake, adiponectin, leptin and C-reactive protein, body composition, asthma symptoms and lung function. The interdisciplinary intervention had the duration of one year and the team consisted of nutritionists, psychologists, physiotherapists, physic...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
i E Abstract The aim of the study was to determine the effect of health-promoting lifestyle education on the physio-psychosocial and metabolic parameters of obese adolescents. This quasi-experimental study was conducted at a city center in Turkey through a pretest and a post-test (n = 73). Following the collection of the first assessment data from the study and control groups, an 8-week education program was applied to students in the study group. The study found that the BMI values and obesity-related risk factors of study group decreased, the means of the self-esteem scale and total ALS and sub-sca...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, FGF21 belongs to a promising class of cytokines that are induced in response to stress and that can be used as a drug, drug target, or through a biomarker, depending on the physio-pathological context. All these findings will become clear when FGF21 will be used as a therapeutic molecule, exploiting the beneficial effects of FGF21 for treating metabolic disease or when it will be blocked to ameliorate disease progression and the onset of disease. Author Contributions CT and MS wrote the manuscript. VR contributed to the discussion. Funding This work was supported from the AFM-Telethon (19524), Italian Mi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Myocardial energy metabolism is a complex process, which consists of a network of biochemical reactions and pathways. The initial stage is energy substrate utilization due to its uptake and metabolism as well as following participation of intermediates in TCA cycle. Then mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation enables generation of ATP molecules, and finally, the creatine kinase system transports ATP from mitochondria to the sarcomeres. In the light of the foregoing evidence, metabolism of the heart subjected to pressure overload may be disturbed in all of this areas. In spite of differences among humans and an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions Aging leads to a progressive decrease in androgen production that, in turn, leads to the development of LOH, defined by significant low T serum levels (in the lowest quartile) in the presence of signs and symptoms of hypogonadism (51). LOH could be due to both testicular and hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction (32), and ED is one of its main symptoms. ED in LOH is linked to increased oxidative stress, subclinical inflammation, and subsequent endothelial dysfunction (101). In elderly men, it has been shown that LOH is also linked to lower cAMP pool and to an alteration of the cGMP signaling pathway. PDE5 gene l...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The CONT group obtained better results in all variables except for HDL cholesterol. Both programs offered a high adherence, safety, and tolerance. PMID: 30732967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Atencion Primaria - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Aten Primaria Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The experts' choice of performance measures was little consistent. Therefore, a clinical investigation and scientific evaluation of the predefined parameters is essential. PMID: 29590693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Die Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Rehabilitation (Stuttg) Source Type: research
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