Neuroprotective Effects of the MAO-B Inhibitor, PF9601N, in an In Vivo Model of Excitotoxicity.

CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest PF9601N to be a good candidate for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases mediated by excitotoxicity. PMID: 24767579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: CNS Neurosci Ther Source Type: research

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In this study, we carried out miRNA profiling of peripheral blood and brain tissue in a rat model of PD in order to identify factors that mediate PD pathogenesis. The miRNAmiR-7 is known to cause the downregulation of α-synuclein (α-syn), which is linked to the neuropathology of PD. Here we found that miR-7 was upregulated in brain tissue but downregulated in peripheral blood of rats with ATR-induced PD. We also found that miR-7 regulates the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) through an auto regulatory mechanism. These findings indicate that miRNA-7 regulates the BDNF/α-syn axis in th...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Authors: Yang CY, Chen RS, Huang YZ Abstract Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. Early intervention/treatment relies on early diagnosis of PD. There is increasing interest in methods based on electromyography measurements of PD patients because of its noninvasiveness. Thus, this study was to investigate electromyographic (EMG) characteristics of the upper limb between PD patients and healthy control subjects using EMG, and to distinguish PD patients from healthy control subjects according to the EMG information using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier. Sixteen right...
Source: Journal of Motor Behavior - Category: Neurology Tags: J Mot Behav Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Alzheimer's &DementiaAuthor(s): Ríona Mc Ardle, Brook Galna, Paul Donaghy, Alan Thomas, Lynn RochesterAbstractObjectiveWe aimed to refine the hypothesis that dementia has a unique signature of gait impairment reflective of underlying pathology by considering two dementia subtypes, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Lewy body disease (LBD), and exploring the role of cognition in disease-specific gait impairments.BackgroundAccurately differentiating AD and LBD is important for treatment and disease management. Early evidence suggests gait could be a marker of d...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Parkinson Disease
Source: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
In conclusion, long-term noradrenergic denervation reduces the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and affects the functionality of the nigrostriatal system. Thus, locus coeruleus is important for maintenance of nigral dopaminergic neurons.
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Condition:   Parkinson Disease Interventions:   Drug: NBTX-001;   Drug: Standard of Care Sponsor:   Nobilis Therapeutics Inc. Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Kalampokini S, Becker A, Fassbender K, Lyros E, Unger MM Abstract Neuroinflammation is increasingly recognized as an important pathophysiological feature of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent evidence suggests that neuroinflammation in PD might originate in the intestine and the bidirectional communication between the central and enteric nervous system, the so-called "gut-brain axis," has received growing attention due to its contribution to the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Diet targets mediators of inflammation with various mechanisms and combined with...
Source: Parkinsons Disease - Category: Neurology Tags: Parkinsons Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion: This is the first study to directly compare how different external auditory cues and movement types affect motor timing. The music and the stepping enabled participants to maintain entrainment once the external pacing cue ceased, suggesting endogenous mechanisms continued to regulate the movements. The superior performance of stepping on the spot suggests embodied entrainment can occur during continuous movement, and this may be related to emergent timing in tempi above 600 ms. These findings can be applied therapeutically to manage and improve adaptive behaviours for people with Parkinson's. PMID: 31531220 [PubMed]
Source: Parkinsons Disease - Category: Neurology Tags: Parkinsons Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Dry mouth, constipation, dysgeusia, loss of appetite, early satiety, and dysphagia are the most common (and possibly characteristic symptoms) related to the digestive system in people at the early and middle stages of PD. Being male is a risk factor for dysgeusia, dysphagia, early satiety, and constipation. PMID: 31531219 [PubMed]
Source: Parkinsons Disease - Category: Neurology Tags: Parkinsons Dis Source Type: research
Fall prevention requires a multifaceted approach that should include individual risk assessment and intervention strategies. Exercise interventions may mitigate most risk factors for falls (eg, balance impairment, gait impairment, and muscle weakness). Numerous systematic reviews or meta-analyses have assessed the effectiveness of exercise interventions among people with various types of neurological disorders; however, the evidence obtained has not been synthesized into an overview. Therefore, the present systematic review assessed systematic reviews of exercise intervention for fall prevention among people with neurologi...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research
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