Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies in white-tailed deer from texas

Publication date: Available online 13 June 2016 Source:International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife Author(s): Shakirat A. Adetunji, Rosina C. Krecek, Gabrielle Castellanos, John C. Morrill, Alice Blue-McLendon, Walt E. Cook, Maria D. Esteve-Gassent Lyme Disease is caused by the bacterial pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi, and is transmitted by the tick-vector Ixodes scapularis. It is the most prevalent arthropod-borne disease in the United States. To determine the seroprevalence of B. burgdorferi antibodies in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from Texas, we analyzed serum samples (n = 1493) collected during the 2001–2015 hunting seasons, using indirect ELISA. Samples with higher sero-reactivity (0.803 and above) than the negative control group (0.662) were further tested using a more specific standardized western immunoblot assay to rule out false positives. Using ELISA, 4.7% of the samples were sero-reactive against B. burgdorferi, and these originated in two eco-regions in Texas (Edwards Plateau and South Texas Plains). However, only 0.5% of the total samples were sero-reactive by standardized western immunoblot assay. Additionally, both ELISA and standardized western immunoblot assay results correlated with an increased incidence in human Lyme Disease cases reported in Texas. This is the first longitudinal study to demonstrate fluctuation in sero-reactivity of white-tailed deer to B. burgdorferi sensu stricto antigens in so...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Source: Journal of Genetics and Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Short report Source Type: research
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Source: WMJ - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: WMJ Source Type: research
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Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: These empirical findings as well as inferences from modeling suggest that small mammals on the basis of their sizes are more competent as reservoirs of B. burgdorferi in this environment than medium-to large-sized mammals.
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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