[Tick-borne encephalitis]. Nervenarzt. 2016 May 25; Authors: Kaiser R Abstract Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is one of the most important viral infections of the human central nervous system. Approximately 10,000 cases of TBE are referred to hospitals in Europe and Asia each year. The TBE virus (TBEV) is mainly transmitted by tick bites but also occasionally by unpasteurized goat's milk. As in endemic areas on average only 1-3 % of ticks are infected with the TBEV and the clinical manifestation rate is approximately 33 %, only approximately 1 in every 100-300 tick bites leads to disease. The incubation period varies from 5-28 days and typically has a biphasic course of fever. The TBE manifests as meningitis in approximately 50 % of patients, as meningoencephalitis in 40 % and as encephalomyelitis in 10 %. The suspected diagnosis is confirmed by the demonstration of TBEV-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in serum and the presence of elevated cell counts in cerebrospinal fluid. No specific treatment for TBE is known but it can be successfully prevented by active immunization. PMID: 27225401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present vaginal cystic lesion which posed diagnostic dilemma and was confirmed on cytology to being filarial in etiology. The patient was treated with single-dose of oral diethylcarbamazine and the lesion subsided on follow up scans at three months thus avoiding inadvertent surgeries.Vaginal cystic lesions are rare entities and have multiple etiologies. A high degree of suspicion for filariasis as cause of vaginal cystic lesions should be made in individuals hailing from or have history of travel to endemic regions of filariasis.
ConclusionThis technique is a feasible treatment in patients aged over 70 years, providing good functional results, and acceptable oncologic outcome.
In conclusion, intranasal exposure of C3H/HeN mice to VEEV TC-83 results in both time-dependent and regional increases in brain inflammation, apoptosis, and hypoxia, as well as modest decreases in BBB integrity; however, it has no effect on brain glucose metabolism.
In conclusion, while travelling to endemic countries, people should be informed about the importance of malaria prophylaxis and prophylaxis should be commenced immediately and continued appropriately. Additionally, malaria should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of high fever for the patients who admitted to the hospital with a travelling history to these countries. PMID: 31709945 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: İşeri Nepesov M, Dinleyici M, Kılıç Ö, Ceyhan M, Gürler N, Dinleyici EÇ Abstract Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of bacterial meningitis in children. It can progress and carries a serious risk of mortality and morbidity despite effective treatment. Cochlear implantation is a fairly successful procedure for restoring hearing in cases of sensorineural hearing loss. Moreover, patients with cochlear implants are at increased risk of contracting pneumococcal meningitis compared to the general population. The development of meningitis is associated with pathogens in the midd...
Authors: Çulha G, Kaya T, Gülbol Duran G, Urhan Küçük M, Doğramacı AÇ, Tiyekli Çelik D Abstract Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that is transmitted to humans by the bites of infected female phlebotomine sandflies. In the diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), in the smear samples, the demonstration of the parasite by microscope remains a gold standard method. However, it becomes difficult to diagnose the parasite since the number of amastigotes in chronic cases with a lesion of one year or longer is very low. Due to many factor such as patients primarily do not ...
In conclusion, T-SPOT.TB was found more reliable in the diagnosis of LTBI in HIV-infected individuals. In the light of these findings, especially in HIV-infected patients with low CD4+ T lymphocyte counts, T-SPOT.TB test can be considered for LTBI diagnosis. PMID: 31709936 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the largest national cohort of pediatric patients undergoing CI in infancy. In this series, the surgery was safe and the speech outcome was good. With implementation of the neonatal screening program in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the number of infants undergoing CI is likely to increase in the near future, paving the way for more research in infant CI. PMID: 31707409 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2018 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Anna Nagy, Orsolya Nagy, Katalin Tarcsai, Ágnes Farkas, Mária Takács Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is one of the endemic flaviviruses in Hungary, which is responsible for human infections every year. Neurological involvement in the disease is characterized by meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis which can result in long-term neurological and neuropsychiatric sequelae. Microbiological diagnosis of acute cases is predominantly based on serological tests due to the limited duration of vire...
AbstractTick borne encephalitis (TBE) is an infectious zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus that is endemic to Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and large parts of Asia. The tick borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is transmitted through the saliva of infected ticks and infected goat milk. In the vast majority of cases, an infection with TBEV has a subclinical course. However, in some cases, it leads to neurological symptoms due to meningitis, meningoencephalitis, meningoencephalomyelitis, or meningoencephaloradiculitis. Here, we present the first case of meningoencephaloradiculitis in Belgium.